West and Central Africa — Liptako Gourma Crisis Monthly Dashboard 13 (27 January 2021)
The Central Sahel area, and in particular the Liptako Gourma region, which borders Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, is affected by a complex crisis involving growing competition over dwindling resources; climatic variability; demographic pressure; high levels of poverty; disaffection and a lack of livelihood opportunities; communal tensions; the absence of state institutions and basic services; and violence related to organized crime and Non-State Armed Groups. The crisis has led to the death of an estimated 5,000 people in 2020 (as of 31 August) and triggered significant displacement of populations in the four affected countries. As of 27 January 2021, 1,681,985 individuals have been displaced, including 1,508,237 Internally Displaced Persons (90% of the displaced population) and 173,748 Refugees (10% of the displaced population). Sixty-five per cent of the displaced population (1,094,809 individuals) were located in Burkina Faso, while 19 per cent resided in Mali (324,843 individuals), 12 per cent in Niger (198,473 individuals) and 4 per cent in Mauritania (63,860 individuals).