Zimbabwe is prone to rapid and slow onset disasters of both natural and man-made origins that have repeatedly caused several devastating effects and triggered population displacement. Over the last decade, natural disasters caused by cyclones and El-Nino, as well as socioeconomic and political factors have all contributed to migratory movements in the country. In some areas, this has jeopardized hard-won developmental gains particularly in the Southern and Eastern regions, which cover the Matabeleland North, Matabeleland South, Masvingo and Manicaland provinces of Zimbabwe. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been implementing a collaborative initiative that is primarily aimed at monitoring and advocating for the rights of vulnerable and at-risk populations, which include, but are not limited to, internally displaced persons (IDPs), host communities, women, girls, men and boys.
DTM in Zimbabwe collects key information on internally displaced persons (IDPs) and returnees through different components and methodologies throughout the country. Information collected include the location, numbers, periods of displacement, area of origin, needs and vulnerabilities of the population displaced as well as services available and return intentions In order to monitor and track population mobility due to displacements, IOM launched the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to support the Government of Zimbabwe and partnering humanitarian agencies to provide on time assistance to the population affected by the displacement through evidence-based planning and programming.