In view of the political and conflict situation in neighboring countries of South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), there has been an increasing number of people moving into Uganda. In response to the need for timely and accurate information on the movements and needs of the displaced population, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Uganda began implementing the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in March 2018. The DTM activities conducted in Uganda include Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) and Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS), which aim at providing disaggregated data on the movements volume and trends as well as qualitative information on individuals’ educational and vocational backgrounds of travelers, their intended destinations, the routes taken, and the challenges faced along the way. IOM Uganda is currently monitoring population flows at twenty-one points of entry (POE), fifteen on the Ugandan border with DRC and six along the border with South Sudan. The data collected is shared with relevant governmental stakeholders and other humanitarian partners to develop adequate interventions and provide the necessary assistance.
A total of 9,918 individuals were affected representing 3,672 households. 2,718 individuals from 453 households were internally displaced by disasters. So far in 2022, 14,671 individuals have been affected by disasters, representing 4,800 households.
December was characterized by disaster triggers which included floods, drought/famine, landslides/mudslides, heavy storms/hailstorms and transport related hazards:
In November, the nation experienced floods, heavy storms/hailstorms, fires, transport-related accidents, Collapsed Structures/Buildings/Earth/Quarry and the two explosions that rocked Kampala city, killing at least seven people.
A total of 29,833 persons (44% male and 56% female) representing 5,719 households were affected by landslides (Bududa), floods (Kapelabyong, Napak, Obongi…), heavy storms/hailstorms (Masaka, Busia & Sironko) and earthquake (Western region – Kasese).
The month of September marked the beginning of SOND rainy season which was characterised by abnormal rains which triggered natural hazards in Uganda.
The month of August received above normal rains in some parts of the country that triggered floods, heavy winds and heavy storms/hailstorms. And drought has also persisted in the cattle corridor from July.
Extreme weather events in July led to the occurrence of the natural disasters like drought, floods and hailstorms in Uganda and human activities also played a big role in the fire outbreaks reported.
In the month of June, there were few hazards reported as the MAM rainy season came to end. Most of the disasters that were reported in the previous months were mostly triggered by rains in most districts of Uganda.