In view of the political and conflict situation in neighboring countries of South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), there has been an increasing number of people moving into Uganda. In response to the need for timely and accurate information on the movements and needs of the displaced population, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Uganda began implementing the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in March 2018. The DTM activities conducted in Uganda include Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) and Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS), which aim at providing disaggregated data on the movements volume and trends as well as qualitative information on individuals’ educational and vocational backgrounds of travelers, their intended destinations, the routes taken, and the challenges faced along the way. IOM Uganda is currently monitoring population flows at twenty-one points of entry (POE), fifteen on the Ugandan border with DRC and six along the border with South Sudan. The data collected is shared with relevant governmental stakeholders and other humanitarian partners to develop adequate interventions and provide the necessary assistance.
Over the years, Uganda has increasingly faced climate change and environmental related problems with the mountainous sub regions of Rwenzori and Elgon being the most hit.