Return Intention

Mali – Rapport sur l'indice de stabilité (Septembre 2022)

L’année 2022 est marquée par des mouvements de populations très complexes, avec des cas de retour, y compris des retours non réussis, des déplacements de courte durée ont continué également a être signalés dans différentes régions du pays. Une proportion importante de personnes déplacées internes vivaient encore dans les centres urbains du pays dans des conditions précaires et avec des besoins d’assistances permanents, le reste de la population déplacée étant dispersée dans les zones rurales, dans des familles d’accueils ou sur des sites auto-installés. L’amélioration des conditions de sécurité dans certaines localités a permis de faciliter le retour de certains ménages, mais de nombreux obstacles persistent, les empêchant de trouver des solutions durables à leur déplacement.

Afin de trouver des solutions durables au déplacement interne - que ce soit par le retour dans les localités d’origine, l’intégration locale ou la réinstallation - et de prévenir de nouveaux déplacements dans les différentes régions, il est essentiel de comprendre les niveaux relatifs de stabilité dans les lieux accueillant des retournés ou des populations déplacées internes. Par conséquent, la Direction Nationale du Développement Social (DNDS) en collaboration avec l’OIM, a lancé l’enquête de l’Indice de Stabilité (IS) pour évaluer la stabilité des zones accueillant des retournés ou des populations déplacées. L’IS cherche à comprendre quels facteurs influencent la stabilité d’un lieu, ce qui peut éclairer les interventions programmatiques prioritaires le long du lien humanitaire, de paix et de développement afin de renforcer la résilience et la stabilité et de prévenir de futurs déplacements forcés.

 

Contact

DTM Mali, DTMMali@iom.int

Poland – Ukraine Response 2022 – Crossing to Ukraine - End of Year Fact Sheet (12 April – 31 December 2022)

A total of 8.19 million crossings from Ukraine to Poland were recorded at border crossing points (BCPs) since 24 February 2022 according to Polish Border Guard data from 13 December. IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) conducted surveys with Ukrainian nationals before they crossed back to Ukraine from three border crossing points in Poland. This report provides an overview of key trends based on the 8,664 surveys that were conducted between 12 April and 31 December 2022 to assess the profiles, needs and intentions of refugees from Ukraine crossing from Poland back into Ukraine. Individuals crossing into Ukraine are not necessarily returnees and conclusions on definitive trends cannot be drawn. The sample is not representative of all persons crossing into Ukraine, results should hence only be considered as indicative.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Republic of Moldova — Displacement Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine and TCNs Crossing to Ukraine - 2022 trends

Since 24 February 2022, Ukrainians and Third-Country Nationals (TCNs) have been fleeing from Ukraine to neighbouring
countries as a result of the war in Ukraine. According to the Moldovan General Inspectorate for Border Police, as of 20th
November, a total of 698,131 refugees from Ukraine and TCNs were registered at border crossing points (BCPs) while
entering from Ukraine into the Republic of Moldova. At the same time, movements of persons crossing back to Ukraine
have also been reported. According to the same source, 370,918 Ukrainian nationals and TCNs, who entered into the
Republic of Moldova, from all border control points since 24 February 2022, have exited back to Ukraine (Source: General
Inspectorate for Border Police).
Since April 2022, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has conducted surveys with adults (18 years and above)
crossing back to Ukraine, through CBS Axa Research. The crossing back survey is part of IOM’s DTM activities that are
meant to monitor the displacement patterns, movement flows and intentions, regions of origin, and most immediate needs
of refugees from Ukraine and TCNs who fled from Ukraine into neighbouring countries and other European countries since
24 February 2022 and are crossing back into Ukraine.
This report presents an analysis of the evolution of respondents’ sociodemographic profiles, travel characteristics, regions of
origin, humanitarian needs and intentions over time, during the covered period of 16 April and 18 November. During this
period, 6 173 individuals were interviewed, most of whom were Ukrainian citizens (95%) while three per cent were TCNs
and two per cent were Moldovan nationals. Data was collected at three main BCPs from the Republic of Moldova to
Ukraine: at Otaci BCP (45%), at Palanca BCP and Transit centre (50%), at Tudora BCP (4%). Individuals crossing into
Ukraine are not necessarily returnees and the sample is not representative of all persons crossing into Ukraine, results
should hence only be considered as indicative.

 

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Republic of Moldova — Displacement Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine and TCNs Crossing to Ukraine, Round #06 (06 October - 18 November 2022)

Since the invasion of Ukraine by the Russian Federation on 24 February 2022, people have been fleeing from Ukraine to the neighbouring countries in high numbers. As of 17 November 2022, 695,159 refugees and Third-Country Nationals (TCNs) from Ukraine were registered at border crossing points (BCPs) entering the Republic of Moldova. Simultaneously, movements of persons crossing back to Ukraine have been reported. According to national authorities, 200,400 Ukrainian nationals and TCNs who entered the Republic of Moldova from Ukraine after 24 February 2022, have since then travelled back (Source: General Inspectorate for Border Police). The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has conducted surveys with adults (18 years and above) crossing back to Ukraine, through CBS Axa Research, since April 2022. Data is collected at two main border crossing points (BCPs) with Ukraine – Palanca and Otaci. This report presents the main findings based on data collected between 6 October and 18 November 2022. Individuals crossing into Ukraine are not necessarily returnees and conclusions on definitive trends cannot be drawn. The sample is not representative of all persons crossing to Ukraine, and results should only be considered as indicative

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

RDC — Nyiragongo : Rapport d'Enregistrement (Novembre 2022)

De violents combats ont éclaté dans l'est de la République démocratique du Congo entre les rebelles du M 23 et les forces gouvernementales ( en novembre 2021 rompant une trêve qui durait depuis plusieurs années sur les lignes de front entre ces forces Cette situation a conduit à des violences depuis la reprise des combats en mars 2022 entraînant une urgence humanitaire et le déplacement de plus de 370 000 personnes ETT 104 au mois de novembre 2022.


Ces personnes déplacées quittent leurs villages d'origine pour échapper à la violence et aux attaques armées du groupe, abandonnant tous leurs moyens de subsistance, pour chercher une protection dans des endroits qu'elles considèrent comme sûrs Cette population déplacée a trouvé refuge à la fois dans des communautés d'accueil et des centres collectifs dans les territoires de Rutshuru, Lubero et Nyiragongo 99 centres collectifs ont été ouverts et accueillent des personnes vulnérables qui ont besoin d'une assistance humanitaire immédiate pour survivre En réponse à ce contexte, l'Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations ( a mis en place la matrice de suivi des déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix DTM) afin de collecter des données fiables auprès des populations affectées dans les centres collectifs du territoire de Nyiragongo, incluant le nombre, les profils, les schémas de déplacement, les conditions de vie et les vulnérabilités, afin de fournir des informations pour faciliter une réponse humanitaire Ces opérations d'enregistrement ont été menées en collaboration avec la Division des Affaires Humanitaires (DIVAH Nord Kivu) avec le soutien opérationnel du Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).


L'équipe DTM de l'OIM continuera à adapter son approche opérationnelle afin d'approfondir la compréhension globale de cette crise et de son impact direct et à plus long terme sur les populations mobiles par le biais des activités suivantes le suivi des situations d'urgence ( la collecte des intentions et l'enregistrement ainsi que le suivi continu des tendances des déplacements avant, pendant et après les crises, afin de fournir une base de d’information probante pour la planification, la programmation et l’intervention humanitaires

Contact

DTM DRC, iomdrcdtm@iom.int

Slovakia — Displacement Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine and TCNs, Round #06 (09 March - 11 November 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, an increasing number of refugees and third-country nationals (TCNs) entering Slovakia has been registered due to the war in Ukraine. As of 16 November 2022, Slovak authorities have reported 963,542 arrivals from Ukraine out of whom 887,555 were Ukrainian refugees and 16,818 TCNs.

According to the statistics from the Border Police authorities, 101,065 persons have applied for Temporary protection status in Slovakia in connection with the war in Ukraine by 16 November 2022. Ninety-nine per cent of the applications are from Ukrainian nationals, composed of 50 per cent adult women, 13 per cent adult men and 37 per cent children. 

This report is based on a survey of displacement patterns, needs and intentions survey launched by the International Organization for Migration (IOM)’sDisplacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in Slovakia in March 2022. All surveys were conducted face-to-face by IOM Slovakia trained enumerators with refugees from Ukraine and other TCNs fleeing Ukraine. This report presents a short analysis based on 1,817 surveys collected between 9 March and 11 November 2022 at 2 Border Crossing Points (BCPs) in Vyšné Německé and Ubl'a, 2 Registration centres in Michalovce and Humenné and at Hotspot in Košice.​ For more information, read the Methodology on page 6 of this report.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Iraq — Return Index: Round 16 (July-September 2022)

The Return Index is a tool designed to measure the severity of conditions in locations of return. Data collection for the Return Index Round 16 took place during the months of July, August and September 2022 across eight governorates, 38 districts and 2,191 locations in Iraq. During Round 16, an additional 26 locations of return were assessed.

DTM Sudan: Return Index Beta

To address a gap in information on the conditions in which permanent returnees are living across Sudan, which makes difficult to understand why IDPs return to some areas and not others or, put another way, what makes some locations more conducive to voluntary return than others, IOM DTM designed the first ever (beta version) Return Index for Sudan.

Sudan Return Index Beta evaluates the material and social living conditions in locations of return in Sudan based on a common and comparable value. This tool shows that locations with better conditions are also more conducive to having returnee populations. The Return Index can be used to infer what conditions are most critical for facilitating returns, how to address obstacles, where to geographically target interventions and advocacy, how to strategize for resources and operations, and to explore changes in conditions over time.

The tool provides a means of measuring the severity of living conditions in locations of returns by combining first, a collection of context informed minimum or critical living conditions that are necessary to make a location adequate enough to sustain returning populations; and second, quantitative analysis to generate and apply an index score to each location based on the state of these indicators.

Contact

dtmsudan@iom.int

Forced displacement from and within Ukraine: Profiles, experiences, and aspirations of affected populations - EUAA, IOM, OECD (Oct 2022)

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has forced an unprecedented number of people to flee their homes in search of safety.

This report brings together the results of desk research and survey projects carried out by the European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to detail forced displacement from and within Ukraine. It aims at providing practitioners and policy makers with a situational picture based on the perspective of the affected populations, themselves.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Ukraine Response — Regional Analysis #2 — Ukrainian Refugees and TCNs crossing to Ukraine (01 Jun – 15 Sep 2022)

Starting on 24 February 2022, the war in Ukraine triggered an unprecedented humanitarian crisis and generated large scale displacement both within Ukraine and into the neighbouring countries. As of the end of September, 6.2 million persons were internally displaced in Ukraine1 and 7.4 million refugees from Ukraine were recorded in Europe.2 According to available administrative data, more than 13 million border crossings of refugees and Third-Country Nationals (TCNs) not in need of international protection from Ukraine were reported into the neighbouring countries since February 2022. At the same time, around 6 million were estimated to have returned including both from other locations within Ukraine and self-reported from abroad,3 and about 6 million cross-border movements were registered from Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and the Republic of Moldova among the neighbouring countries into Ukraine as of mid-September. 

Since mid-April, IOM has deployed its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) tools to collect individual surveys in neighbouring countries with persons crossing into Ukraine, with the aim to improve the understanding of main profiles, displacement patterns, intentions and needs. 

This report is based on 9,495 valid surveys collected by IOM’s DTM in five European countries neighbouring Ukraine with adult refugees from Ukraine and TCNs crossing to Ukraine between 01 June and 15 September 2022: 3,519 in Romania, 3,151 in Poland, 2,418 in the Republic of Moldova, 259 in Hungary and 148 in Slovakia. Total results were weighted as per the number of border crossings into Ukraine reported in each country of the survey during the aforementioned period. 

Movements can be pendular, and do not necessarily indicate sustainable returns as the situation across the country remains highly volatile and unpredictable. Hence, individuals surveyed while crossing into Ukraine from neighbouring countries are not necessarily returnees, and conclusions on definitive trends cannot be drawn.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int