Return Intention

Cameroun — Enquête sur les Intentions de Retour Ronde 21 (Août 2020)

La Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix – DTM, en anglais) est un outil mis en place par l’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations (OIM), qui permet de faire le suivi des déplacements et la mobilité des populations. Elle collecte des informations à différents niveaux, les traite et les diffuse afin de garantir aux acteurs humanitaires, aux gouvernements et autres acteurs intéressés, une meilleure compréhension des mouvements et de l’évolution des besoins des populations déplacées : les facteurs d’influence, les moyens et durées de déplacement, les intentions futures des populations déplacées, leurs conditions de vie et encore bien d’autres éléments sont récoltés auprès de ces populations déplacées.

Ce rapport présente les résultats de la dernière enquête sur les intentions de retour menée auprès des ménages déplacés (Personnes Déplacées Internes (PDI) et réfugiés hors camp) en août 2020 dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord. Il permet ainsi de mieux comprendre le processus de décision des ménages déplacés, les raisons qui les poussent à partir ou les empêchent de revenir et les conditions nécessaires à un retour durable.

La collecte des données a été effectuée entre le 17 au 24 août 2020 par 77 énumérateurs formés et déployés dans chacune des localités évaluées, sous la responsabilité directe de l’équipe DTM. Dans le cadre de cette enquête, 3 055 chefs de ménages PDI et réfugiés hors camp (représentant un total de 24 147 individus) ont répondus au questionnaire dans 712 localités réparties au sein des 6 départements de la région de l’Extrême Nord.  

Contact

DTM Cameroun, DTMCameroon@iom.int

Methodology

Survey Return Intention

Mali — Rapport sur les déplacements (Juillet 2020)

La crise sécuritaire que le Mali a connu en 2012 a provoqué d’importants déplacements de populations tant à l’intérieur du territoire que vers les pays limitrophes. Afin d’orienter la réponse humanitaire et de faciliter le retour et la réintégration des personnes déplacées internes (PDIs) et des réfugiés, la Direction Nationale du Développement Social (DNDS), fournit depuis décembre 2014 des informations à l’ensemble de la communauté humanitaire et aux pouvoirs publics afin de répondre aux besoins des populations déplacées, retournées et rapatriées au Mali. Les opérations de collecte et de mise à jour des données menées dans le cadre du programme DTM montrent une augmentation du nombre de personnes déplacées au Mali entre avril et juillet 2020. La population déplacée dans la région a augmenté de 8% par rapport à juin (rapport CMP de juin 2020). Le nombre de PDIs est en effet passé de 266 831 personnes (rapport CMP de juin 2020) à 287 496 en juillet 2020 soit une augmentation de 20 665 individus. Cette augmentation confirme l’aggravation des conditions sécuritaires dans les Régions de Mopti, Ségou, Tombouctou, Gao et Ménaka et la bande frontalière Mali-Burkina Faso-Niger au cours des derniers mois, engendrant de plus en plus de déplacements.

Contact

DTM Mali, DTMMali@iom.int

Europe — Flow Monitoring Surveys: Top 5 nationalities interviewed in Italy in 2019

The report is based on DTM’s Flow Monitoring Surveys carried-out by IOM field staff in Italy between July and October 2019. Out of more than 1,200 collected interviews, the report focuses on the top 5 nationality groups (920 interviews) – Pakistan, Tunisia, Afghanistan, Algeria and Côte d’Ivoire – providing an analysis of migrants’ demographic profile, transit routes, reasons for leaving countries of origin or habitual residence, and their future travel intentions.The report is based on DTM’s Flow Monitoring Surveys carried-out by IOM field staff in Italy between July and October 2019. Out of more than 1,200 collected interviews, the report focuses on the top 5 nationality groups (920 interviews) – Pakistan, Tunisia, Afghanistan, Algeria and Côte d’Ivoire – providing an analysis of migrants’ demographic profile, transit routes, reasons for leaving countries of origin or habitual residence, and their future travel intentions.

The Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are part of the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities in the Mediterranean region and were started in October 2015 and conducted within the framework of IOM’s research on populations on the move through the Mediterranean and Western Balkan Routes to Europe. Surveys are analysed to provide information on profiles, transit routes and vulnerabilities of respondents.

All reports, together with the latest data on arrivals from national authorities and IOM country offices, can be accessed via DTM´s Flow Monitoring Europe Geoportal.

Contact

DTM Mediterranean, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

West and Central Africa — Stability Index — Cameroon and Nigeria (September 2019)

A report by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) identified 4.2 million displaced individuals in Nigeria, Chad, and Cameroon in 2019. However, as the protracted conflict begins to subside in some regions, there are a growing number of displaced persons returning to their towns and villages of origin. The DTM noted a 77 per cent increase (800,000 individuals) in the number of returnees in 2019 compare those reported in 2016. The total population of returnees represents 41 per cent of the total population affected by displacements in the Lake Chad Basin. This growing trend towards return movements calls for a more thorough investigation to better understand the returnee populations in the regions and communities of origin. It is also highlighting the importance of assessing the return intentions of individuals who are still displaced in order to provide the necessary assistance for the reintegration of those who have already returned to their area of origin, as well as to those who intend to return in the near future.  

The stability index identifies ‘pockets of stability’ to target the needs of the large proportion of returnee populations and analyzes which factors are relatively more impactful on the decisions of returnees to remain in place or to move. Furthermore, it is an essential tool in designing assistance for durable solutions as well as a new instrument to inform transition and recovery with appropriate programming priorities.

This report presents the results of the Stability Index data collection activities conducted in Nigeria and Cameroon in August and September 2019.

Contact

Regional Office Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

Iraq — Return Index: Round 9 (July 2020)

The Return Index is a tool designed to measure the severity of conditions in locations of return. Data collection for the Return Index Round 9 took place during the months of May and June 2020 across eight governorates, 38 districts and 2,013 locations in Iraq. During Round 9, an additional 163 locations of return were assessed.

Burundi – Rapport d'Enquête des Intentions de Retour de Gatumba (Juillet 2020)

En date du 19 April et 1 Mai 2020, la province de Bujumbura Rural, commune de Mutimbuzi, zone de Gatumba a été touchée par des fortes inondations qui ont affecté plus de 45,000 personnes inclues 17,792 déplacés. Ces personnes déplacées sont installées dans quatre sites temporaires (Kigaramango, Kinyinya II, Sobel (Maramvya) et Mafubo). Dans le cadre des enquêtes sur les intentions de retour des ménages déplacés due aux inondations, 552 ménages déplacés ont été sélectionnés d’une façon aléatoire dans ces sites.

Contact

DTM Burundi, DTMBurundi@iom.int

Methodology

Survey Return Intention

Bangladesh – Survey on Drivers of Migration (REMAP 2019)

One key finding of the report is that Bangladeshi regular and irregular potential migrants share many characteristics. Regular and irregular potential migrant respondents were the same ages and had similar levels of education and employment prior to the decision to migrate. Furthermore, 71 per cent of regular potential migrants also paid migration facilitators for assistance with their migration, and they paid similar amounts as irregular potential migrants did. Another insight is that potential migrants were driven to migrate by the possibility of improved work opportunities and support from a strong social network. Many respondents were planning to move to a destination where they already had family or friends. Many potential migrants were moving elsewhere in the Global South, rather than to a country in the Global North.

Contact

DTM REMAP Support Team, dtmremap@iom.int

Pakistan – Survey on Drivers of Migration (REMAP 2019)

The key finding of this report is that motivations for Pakistani emigration revolve primarily around seeking better livelihood and income opportunities. This is reinforced by the historical relevance of labour migration out of Pakistan as well as previous data collection and analyses by IOM DTM. A secondary driver of migration for Pakistani migrants is the opportunity to continue or receive better quality education abroad. Finally, this report emphasizes the integral role of transnational social networks in influencing destination choice and migration decisions among Pakistani migrants. 

Contact

DTM REMAP Support Team, dtmremap@iom.int

Afghanistan — Survey on Drivers of Migration (REMAP 2019)

The key finding of this report is that push and pull factors, as well as the challenges Afghan potential migrants face daily at personal, household and community levels, revolve around a lack of livelihood options and insecurity. The lack of livelihood options and insecurity are mutually reinforcing – years of prolonged conflict has led to a lack of overall economic development and vice versa. The division of potential migrants along categories of, on the one hand, those fleeing insecurity, persecution and violence, and on the other, those migrating for economic reasons, cannot easily be maintained – both for individual cases, as well as a categorisation for those looking to leave Afghanistan. These insights have been consistent with previous research undertaken by DTM and others on the topic, mostly notably the CFMS (IOM (d), 2019; IOM (e), 2019; EASO, 2016). More research is needed to analyse different and changing migration routes, motivations, capabilities, financing, networks, regulatory frameworks and the role of smuggling networks and diaspora groups on the determinants of Afghan migration to Europe, both in countries of origin, transit and destination and for different segments of Afghan migrants – which is beyond the scope of the current research. 

Contact

DTM REMAP Support Team, dtmremap@iom.int