Return Intention

Republic of Moldova — Displacement Surveys — Ukrainian Refugees and TCNs crossing to Ukraine (20 July - 04 September 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, people have been fleeing from Ukraine to the neighbouring countries as a result of the war in Ukraine. As of 04 September 2022, 597,984 refugees from Ukraine and Third Country Nationals (TCNs) were registered at border crossing points (BCPs) while entering from Ukraine into the Republic of Moldova. At the same time, movements of persons crossing back to Ukraine have also been reported. According to national authorities, 147,577 Ukrainian nationals and TCNs, who have entered into the Republic of Moldova after 24 February 2022, have since exited back to Ukraine (Source: General Inspectorate for Border Police).

Since April 2022, International Organization for Migration (IOM) has conducted displacement and intention surveys with adults (18 years and above) crossing back to Ukraine, through CBS Axa Research. Data has been collected at two main border crossing points (BCPs) with Ukraine – Palanca and Otaci – since 16 April 2022. This report presents the main findings based on data collected between 20 July and 04 September 2022. 

Individuals crossing into Ukraine are not necessarily returnees (many are making short visits) and conclusions on definitive trends cannot be drawn. The sample is not representative of all persons crossing to Ukraine, and results should only be considered as indicative.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Hungary — Displacement Surveys — Ukrainian Refugees and TCNs crossing to Ukraine (06-29 July 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, refugees from Ukraine and other Third Country Nationals (TCNs) have been fleeing from Ukraine to neighbouring and other EU countries as a result of the war in Ukraine. According to UNHCR, 28,640 refugees from Ukraine
and other TCNs were registered in Hungary as of 23 August 2022. This report is based on a survey launched by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) with persons crossing to Ukraine from Hungary. It presents an analysis of 71 interviews conducted face-to-face by IOM’s DTM trained enumerators with adult Ukrainian refugees and other TCNs between 06 and 29 July 2022.
Interviews were carried out in various locations, such as Budapest - Pest County (24) and Záhony – Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County (47) and in multiple settings, namely border crossing and transit points (e.g. train stations), the Help Centre, and one collective centre/accommodation.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Afghanistan - Survey on Drivers of Migration - Round 3 (April - August 2021)

This report demonstrates how Afghan mobility is the result of a range of factors related to economic conditions and prolonged conflict within the country. Between April 2021 and August 2021 (Round 3 of SDM), various provinces of Afghanistan were affected by active conflict, which was followed by the fall of the government in Afghanistan on 15 August 2021. This resulted in civilian casualties, the loss of livelihoods, internal displacement, and cross-border mobility. Therefore, the decisions to leave Afghanistan and choose a destination country revolved around multiple intersections of these factors as opposed to an identifiable, single reason.

Contact

dtmremapsupport@iom.int

Afghanistan - Survey on Drivers of Migration - Round 2 (November 2020 - March 2021)

This report will demonstrate how Afghan mobility is the result of a range of factors related to economic conditions and prolonged conflict within the country. Most importantly, these factors are mutually reinforcing, exacerbating one another and emphasizing the multifaceted nature of migration out of Afghanistan. During the reporting period, between November 2020 and March 2021 (Round 2), the decisions to leave Afghanistan and to choose a destination country revolved primarily around the intersection of economic conditions and conflict within the country. Those leaving Afghanistan, therefore, were motivated by the multiple intersections of these factors as opposed to an identifiable single reason.

Contact

dtmremapsupport@iom.int

Tchad — Cartographie des mobilités sur le territoire tchadien (Juin 2022)

Ce rapport est composé d’un ensemble de cartes présentant les différents phénomènes et tendances migratoires au Tchad. Il décrit les différents mouvements de populations recensés depuis, vers et au sein du territoire tchadien et dresse le profil des populations en mouvement. Parmi les types de mobilités traitées dans ce document figurent les mouvements socioéconomiques; les mouvements de Tchadiens vers l’étranger et de ressortissants étrangers au Tchad; les transhumances ; les déplacements forcés et les retours facilités par l’OIM. Souvent, ces différentes mobilités se croisent et s’imbriquent. Ce rapport tente de mettre en lumière ce lien et de mieux saisir les dynamiques y afférentes. Ce rapport est le résultat d’une compilation de diverses bases de données, de rapports provenant de différentes sources d’information et de témoignages recueillis directement auprès des populations mobiles ou d’informateurs clés. Les sources sont indiquées dans chacune des pages. S’il ne peut pas être considéré comme complet ou représentatif, le rapport offre une image générale de la situation migratoire au Tchad.

South Sudan — Urban Multi-Sector Needs and Vulnerabilities Survey (FSNMS+) — Yei Town (September- October 2021)

Between September and November 2021, the International Organization for Migration’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (IOM DTM) undertook its second household-level multi-sector assessment of selected urban areas and camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in South Sudan. The assessment aims to:

  • Quantify the prevalence of vulnerabilities and humanitarian needs across sectors, with a focus on food security, economic vulnerability and nutrition as well as selected indicators on shelter and non-food items (SNFI), education, health, water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH), protection (including child protection and gender-based violence) and mental health and psycho-social support (MHPSS).
  • Generate a better understanding of urban displacement and migration, including return and relocation after displacement in South Sudan or abroad.

This survey is part of the country-wide extended Food Security and Nutrition Monitoring System (FSNMS+) assessment in South Sudan, jointly conducted by IOM, the World Food Programme (WFP), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), REACH and several humanitarian clusters. It was designed to be an independent, crisis-wide and coordinated inter-agency multi-sectoral needs assessment, mandated by the Humanitarian Country Team and endorsed by the Inter- Cluster Coordination Group. Together, the joint findings provide an evidence-base for the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, the Humanitarian Needs Overview and the Humanitarian Response Plan.

This report presents sectoral findings for the urban area of Yei.

Separate profiles have been published for the urban areas of JubaWauBor, Malakal and Bentiu / Rubkona.

Further profiles will be published for Juba IDP Camps I and III, Naivasha IDP Camp, Bentiu IDP Camp and Malakal Protection of Civilians (PoC) Site.

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre — Une région en mouvement: Tendances de mobilités en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre (Janvier — Décembre 2021)

Le présent rapport vise à fournir un aperçu sur les tendances principales de mobilités de populations en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre en 2021. Il aborde la mobilité régionale selon deux grandes lignes : les déplacements internes et les flux migratoires. Dans chaque section, le rapport présente des tendances primaires de mobilités, les évènements clés, et les profils de populations mobiles observées en 2021. L’édition 2020 de ce rapport contient en outre des sections qui examinent en détail l’impact de la crise de COVID-19 sur la mobilité régionale, les migrations environnementales et climatiques et les solutions durables aux déplacements forcés dans la région.

South Sudan — Urban Multi-Sector Needs and Vulnerabilities Survey (FSNMS+) — Malakal Town (October 2021)

Between September and November 2021, the International Organization for Migration’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (IOM DTM) undertook its second household-level multi-sector assessment of selected urban areas and camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in South Sudan. The assessment aims to:

  • Quantify the prevalence of vulnerabilities and humanitarian needs across sectors, with a focus on food security, economic vulnerability and nutrition as well as selected indicators on shelter and non-food items (SNFI), education, health, water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH), protection (including child protection and gender-based violence) and mental health and psycho-social support (MHPSS).
  • Generate a better understanding of urban displacement and migration, including return and relocation after displacement in South Sudan or abroad.

This survey is part of the country-wide extended Food Security and Nutrition Monitoring System (FSNMS+) assessment in South Sudan, jointly conducted by IOM, the World Food Programme (WFP), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), REACH and several humanitarian clusters. It was designed to be an independent, crisis-wide and coordinated inter-agency multi-sectoral needs assessment, mandated by the Humanitarian Country Team and endorsed by the Inter- Cluster Coordination Group. Together, the joint findings provide an evidence-base for the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, the Humanitarian Needs Overview and the Humanitarian Response Plan.

This report presents sectoral findings for the urban area of Malakal.

Separate profiles have been published for the urban areas of Juba, WauBorYei and Bentiu / Rubkona.

Further profiles will be published for Juba IDP Camps I and III, Naivasha IDP Camp, Bentiu IDP Camp and Malakal Protection of Civilians (PoC) Site.

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

South Sudan — Urban Multi-Sector Needs and Vulnerabilities Survey (FSNMS+) — Bentiu / Rubkona Town (October 2021)

Between September and November 2021, the International Organization for Migration’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (IOM DTM) undertook its second household-level multi-sector assessment of selected urban areas and camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in South Sudan. The assessment aims to:

  • Quantify the prevalence of vulnerabilities and humanitarian needs across sectors, with a focus on food security, economic vulnerability and nutrition as well as selected indicators on shelter and non-food items (SNFI), education, health, water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH), protection (including child protection and gender-based violence) and mental health and psycho-social support (MHPSS).
  • Generate a better understanding of urban displacement and migration, including return and relocation after displacement in South Sudan or abroad.

This survey is part of the country-wide extended Food Security and Nutrition Monitoring System (FSNMS+) assessment in South Sudan, jointly conducted by IOM, the World Food Programme (WFP), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), REACH and several humanitarian clusters. It was designed to be an independent, crisis-wide and coordinated inter-agency multi-sectoral needs assessment, mandated by the Humanitarian Country Team and endorsed by the Inter- Cluster Coordination Group. Together, the joint findings provide an evidence-base for the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, the Humanitarian Needs Overview and the Humanitarian Response Plan.

This report presents sectoral findings for the urban area of Bentiu / Rubkona.

Separate profiles have been published for the urban areas of Juba, WauBorYei and Malakal.

Further profiles will be published for Juba IDP Camps I and III, Naivasha IDP Camp, Bentiu IDP Camp and Malakal Protection of Civilians (PoC) Site.

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

South Sudan — Urban Multi-Sector Needs and Vulnerabilities Survey (FSNMS+) — Bor Town (September - October 2021)

Between September and November 2021, the International Organization for Migration’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (IOM DTM) undertook its second household-level multi-sector assessment of selected urban areas and camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in South Sudan. The assessment aims to:

  • Quantify the prevalence of vulnerabilities and humanitarian needs across sectors, with a focus on food security, economic vulnerability and nutrition as well as selected indicators on shelter and non-food items (SNFI), education, health, water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH), protection (including child protection and gender-based violence) and mental health and psycho-social support (MHPSS).
  • Generate a better understanding of urban displacement and migration, including return and relocation after displacement in South Sudan or abroad.

This survey is part of the country-wide extended Food Security and Nutrition Monitoring System (FSNMS+) assessment in South Sudan, jointly conducted by IOM, the World Food Programme (WFP), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), REACH and several humanitarian clusters. It was designed to be an independent, crisis-wide and coordinated inter-agency multi-sectoral needs assessment, mandated by the Humanitarian Country Team and endorsed by the Inter- Cluster Coordination Group. Together, the joint findings provide an evidence-base for the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, the Humanitarian Needs Overview and the Humanitarian Response Plan.

This report presents sectoral findings for the urban area of Bor.

Separate profiles have been published for the urban areas of Juba, Wau, Yei, Bentiu / Rubkona and Malakal.

Further profiles will be published for Juba IDP Camps I and III, Naivasha IDP Camp, Bentiu IDP Camp and Malakal Protection of Civilians (PoC) Site.

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int