Flow Monitoring Survey

Republic of Moldova — Displacement Surveys — Ukrainian Refugees and TCNs crossing to Ukraine (20 July - 04 September 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, people have been fleeing from Ukraine to the neighbouring countries as a result of the war in Ukraine. As of 04 September 2022, 597,984 refugees from Ukraine and Third Country Nationals (TCNs) were registered at border crossing points (BCPs) while entering from Ukraine into the Republic of Moldova. At the same time, movements of persons crossing back to Ukraine have also been reported. According to national authorities, 147,577 Ukrainian nationals and TCNs, who have entered into the Republic of Moldova after 24 February 2022, have since exited back to Ukraine (Source: General Inspectorate for Border Police).

Since April 2022, International Organization for Migration (IOM) has conducted displacement and intention surveys with adults (18 years and above) crossing back to Ukraine, through CBS Axa Research. Data has been collected at two main border crossing points (BCPs) with Ukraine – Palanca and Otaci – since 16 April 2022. This report presents the main findings based on data collected between 20 July and 04 September 2022. 

Individuals crossing into Ukraine are not necessarily returnees (many are making short visits) and conclusions on definitive trends cannot be drawn. The sample is not representative of all persons crossing to Ukraine, and results should only be considered as indicative.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Belarus — ОПРОС ПЕРЕМЕЩЕНИЙ ГРАЖДАН УКРАИНЫ И ГРАЖДАН ТРЕТЬИХ СТРАН (4 июня – 05 августа 2022)

С февраля 2022 года число беженцев из Украины и других граждан третьих стран, въехавших в Беларусь, продолжало расти. По информации Государственного пограничного комитета Республики Беларусь по состоянию на 26 августа 2022 года с 24 февраля 2022 года в Беларусь въехало 48,580 граждан Украины. Наибольшее количество въехало из Польши (26,926), Украины (15,871), Литвы (4,910) и Латвии (873). В то же время сообщается, что в период с 24 февраля по 22 августа 2022 года из Беларуси выехали 52,406 владельцев украинских паспортов. 

Настоящий отчет основан на результатах 1915 интервью, проведенных Представительством МОМ в Беларуси совместно с Белорусским Красным Крестом в период с 4 июня по 5 августа 2022 года в Минске (136 интервью), Минской области (227 интервью), Витебской области (128 интервью), Могилевской области (120 интервью), Гродненской области (154 интервью), Брестской области (695 интервью), а также  Гомельской области (455 интервью). Отчет составлен по итогам пилотной фазы запуска системы сбора данных по движению мигрантов и беженцев в Республике Беларусь (Матрицы учета перемещений) в 2022 году.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

The Gambia — Flow Monitoring Survey Report 10 (June 2022)

In order to gain a better understanding of mobility flows and trends throughout West and Central Africa, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) implements the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s Flow Monitoring (FM) tool at key transit points across the region. 

In The Gambia, DTM conducts Flow Monitoring activities at several important transit locations: in 1) Barra (FMPs are located at the ferry terminal  and the main garage);

2) Farafenni (FMPs are located at Farafenni main garage, Farafenni Ballan-Ghar garage, Farafenni McCarthy and Sanjally garage, Farafenni turntable garage, and the truck garage); 3) Basse (FMPs are situated at the main garage and the bus station in Basse Santa-Su) and  4) Brikama (FMPs are located at the main garage and the Bus station).

These activities enable DTM to monitor the movements of passengers within The Gambia, out of, and towards The Gambia as well as transiting The Gambia.

This report presents the key results from the Flow Monitoring Survey conducted with travelers between October and December 2021. The report presents data collected on flows, routes, provenance, destination, and demographic profiles of travelers observed at the FMPs.    

Contact

https:/dtm.iom.int/gambia

Nepal — Flow Monitoring Survey — Round 2 (August 2022)

IOM Nepal collected data at 12 ground crossing points (GCPs) six formal and six informal, in an effort to better understand the migration movements between India and Nepal. The exercise intended to collate feedback from the migrants for improving COVID-19 related response and deliver multisectoral services, ultimately contributing to strengthen the GCPs’ capacities, providing safe and regular crossing for migrants. This exercise was conducted as a part of European Union Directorate General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations funded “Effective Case Management by Strengthening Isolation Centres and Ground Crossing Points (GCPs) Management for Rapid Response and Preparedness Against COVID-19” project.

In total, 1181 individuals (855 at formal GCPs and 326 at informal GCPs) were interviewed for the flow monitoring exercise in Province 1, Madhesh, Lumbini and Sudurpaschim Provinces. The report presents data collected on flows, demographics profile of migrants, services available to the migrants at the formal GCPs and suggestions for improvement of services. The survey at the informal GCPs was conducted to primarily assess the intensions of migrants for using informal GCPs. Since multisectoral services are only available at the formal GCPs, the survey does not include questions on services at informal GCPs.

Contact

iomnepal@iom.int

Slovakia - DISPLACEMENT SURVEYS: Ukrainian Refugees and Third-Country Nationals (09 March - 11 August 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, an increasing number of refugees and third-country nationals (TCNs) entering Slovakia has been registered as a result of the war in Ukraine. As of 30 August 2022, Slovak authorities have reported 750,101 arrivals from Ukraine out of whom 692,924 were refugees from Ukraine and 15,547 other TCNs.

This report is based on a displacement patterns, needs and intentions survey launched by IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). All surveys were conducted face-to-face by IOM Slovakia trained enumerators with refugees from Ukraine and other TCNs fleeing Ukraine. This report presents a short analysis based on 1,298 surveys collected between 9 March and 11 August 2022.​ 

Between 9 March and 11 August 2022, IOM conducted 1,298 displacement patterns, needs and intentions interviews with refugees from Ukraine and other TCNs at 2 Border Crossing Points (BSPs) at Vyšné Německé, Ubl'a, 2 Registration centres at Michalovce, Humenné and Červená Hviezda Hotspot. 

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Mali — Rapport sur les mobilités au Mali (Août 2022)

Ce rapport est composé d’un ensemble d’infographies et de cartes des différentes tendances migratoires au Mali. Il traite d’un grand nombre des mouvements de population recensés depuis, vers et au sein du territoire malien et dresse une vue générale des populations en mouvements.  

Plusieurs types de mobilités sont traitées sur ce document: les mouvements économiques internes ou vers l’étranger, les transhumances, les déplacements internes forcés, les retours, etc.  Il est intéressant de remarquer que, très souvent, ces différentes mobilités se croisent. Ce rapport tente de faire ce lien (par exemple entre la migration vers les sites d’orpaillage et la migration vers le Nord du Mali) mais de plus amples recherches seraient nécessaires afin de mieux saisir ces dynamiques. 

Ce rapport est le résultat d’une compilation de diverses bases de données et rapports provenant de différentes sources d’informations qui sont indiquées dans chacune des pages dans l’encadré « Détails et Sources ». Certaines informations et tracés sont également tirés de discussions avec des informateurs clés.

Panama — Monitoreo de Flujo de Población Venezolana — Darién (7 de junio-15 de julio, 2022)

Ante la necesidad de conocimiento de las características y patrones de movilidad de personas en tránsito por la provincia de Darién, OIM implementa una Encuesta de Monitoreo de Flujos. Se persigue recopilar datos sobre género, edad, nacionalidad, características del viaje, ruta migratoria, país de destino, además de la contabilización de las personas que componen el grupo de viaje de las personas encuestadas. así como personas migrantes desaparecidas en el Darién. Considerando el aumento en el flujo migratorio de la población venezolana , y la necesidad de información específica sobre dicha población, OIM implementó un cuestionario adicional desde la segunda semana de mayo. En mayo habían ingresado 9.844 personas de nacionalidad venezolana, en junio 11.359 y en julio, ascendió a 16.964. La recopilación de información sobre población migrante venezolana presentada en esta infografía, fue recopilada entre el 17 de junio al 15 de julio en la Estación de Recepción Migratoria (ERM) San Vicente.

Contact

Idiam Osorio, iosorio@iom.int

Latvia — Displacement Surveys with Ukrainian Refugees and TCNs (01-29 July 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, an increasing number of refugees and third-country nationals (TCNs) entering Latvia has been registered as a result of the war in Ukraine. As of 29 July, 116,462 entries of Ukrainian nationals from Latvia’s external (non-EU) borders were reported by the Latvian Ministry of Interior. Also, a total of 35,730 have applied for temporary protection in the country so far. 

This report is based on a survey on displacement patterns, needs and intentions launched by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). All interviews were conducted face-to-face by IOM Latvia by trained enumerators with adult refugees and TCNs fleeing Ukraine. This report presents an analysis based on 265 surveys collected between 1 July and 29 July 2022.​

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Europe - Flow Monitoring Surveys with Migrants Transiting through the Republic of North Macedonia (Apr-May 2022)

This report is based on the Flow Monitoring Surveys carried out by IOM in North Macedonia in April and May 2022. A total of 180 interviews were collected in two locations – Temporary Transit Centre (TTC) Vinojug (in Gevgelija) and TTC Tabanovce (in Kumanovo). Survey data provide an insight of the profiles, intentions and needs of migrants transiting through the country. They show following:

  • About 93 per cent of the respondents were nationals of seven countries – Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, India, Morocco, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Iraq. The structure of respondents by country of origin or habitual residence is the same as the structure by nationality. Only two respondents were internally displaced persons before leaving their origin country.
  • Most respondents were male (96%) and young persons (average age 27.7 years). Out of the top 7 nationalities surveyed, the youngest were respondents from Morocco (average age 22.8 years) and oldest were those from Bangladesh and Iraq (30.6 and 30.7 years of average age, respectively).
  • Three quarters (75.5%) of respondents were single at the moment of the interview, and 15.6 per cent of them had children. About 23.9 per cent of the respondents had primary level of education, 65.5 per cent secondary and only 0.6 per cent had tertiary level of education. About 46 per cent of respondents were unemployed at the time of departure from countries of origin, whereas about 15 per cent were employed or self-employed. Hereof, economic reasons (51.1%), followed by war or conflict (35.6%), were the initial first main reasons for leaving their countries of origin.
  • For 93 respondents (51.7%) the country of departure is different from the country of origin. About 13 per cent of the respondents travelled alone, while 87 per cent travelled with a group.
  • Three quarters of the respondents (75%) left the departure country more than 1 year ago (20.6% of them, more than 3 years ago). Seventy-one respondents (39.4%) left the departure country in the last year (5.6% of them, less than 2 weeks ago). Survey data confirm a relatively long stay of migrants in transit countries, to work and collect money to travel onwards. Walking on foot was the main mode of transport to enter North Macedonia, were most of the respondents (99%) reported they have stayed for less than two weeks at the time of the survey.
  • The journey of the respondents was quite costly. Overall amount paid individually since the beginning of the journey, for 73.9 per cent of the respondents, was between 1,000 and 5,000 USD. Most (91.1%) of the respondents reported having paid for the journey with their own savings only.
  • Germany remains the country of intended destination for most respondents. Its share as final intended destination is higher at the time of departure (44.4%) than at the time of interview (35%). Similarly, there are changes related to other final destinations. For 53.3 per cent of the respondents, the main reasons for choosing the intended destination are related to appealing socio-economic conditions and for 26.7 per cent are linked to the access to asylum procedures.
  • Regarding COVID-19, 178 (98.9%) respondents were aware of the pandemic. Most of them (82.8%) received information from media, followed by family / friends (72.2%), local / national authorities (69.4%), civil society / NGOs (63.3%), medical staff (20.6%) and UN or other international organizations (2.8%).
  • Almost all of respondents (178, 98.9%) did not consider the option of returning to their origin country during their journey.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Europe - Flow Monitoring Surveys with Migrants Transiting through the Republic of North Macedonia (Feb-Mar 2022)

This report is based on the Flow Monitoring Survey carried out by IOM field staff in North Macedonia in February and March 2022. A total of 209 interviews were collected in two locations – Temporary Transit Centre (TTC) Vinojug (Gevgelija) and TTC Tabanovce (Kumanovo). Survey data provide an insight of the profile and other relevant aspects related to the irregular migrants. They show following:

  • By country of citizenship about 81 per cent of the respondents were from five countries – Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Syrian Arab Republic and Morocco. Almost the same is the structure of respondents by country of origin or habitual residence. Only seven respondents were internally displaced persons.
  • Most of the respondents were male (203 migrants) and young persons (average age 27.3 years). Out of the top 5 nationalities surveyed, the youngest were respondents from Morocco and oldest were those from India (23.9 and 29.1 years of average age, respectively).
  • The vast majority (88.5%) of respondents was single at the moment of the interview, and 10.5 per cent of them had children. About 29.1 per cent of the respondents have primary level of education, 67.6 per cent secondary and only 3.3 per cent had tertiary level of education. More than half of respondents were unemployed and inactive at the time of departure from countries of origin, whereas about 26 per cent were employed or self-employed. Hereof, economic reasons (57.4%), followed by war or conflict (26.3%), were the initial first main reasons for leaving their countries of origin.
  • Majority of the respondents (84.2%) in North Macedonia arrived from six countries where they spent at least one year (Greece, Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Syrian Arab Republic and Morocco). More than one third (35.9%) of respondents were travelling alone, while 64.1 per cent travelled with a group.
  • Great part of the respondents (47.9%) has left the departure country more than 1 year ago (36.4% of them, more than 3 years ago). Ninety respondents (43.1%) have left the departure country in the last year, (23.0% of them, less than 2 weeks ago). Survey data show the route of the respondents, confirm a relatively long stay in transit countries and work as the main reason for it, then that most of them had private accommodation and that walking on foot was the main mode of transport. Most of the respondents (91.4%) reported they have stayed in North Macedonia for less than two weeks.
  • The journey of the respondents was quite costly. Overall amount paid individually since the beginning of the journey, for 77 per cent of the respondents, was between 1,000 and 5,000 USD. Two thirds (66.5%) of the respondents reported having paid for the journey with their own money only.
  • Germany remains to be the country of intended destination for the greatest part of the respondents its share is higher at the time of departure (40.2%) than as a final destination country at the time of interview (33.5%). Similar are changes related to other final destination countries. For 47 per cent of the respondents, the main reasons for choosing final destination country are related to appealing socio-economic conditions and for 26 per cent of them it is the ease of access to asylum procedures.
  • Related to human trafficking / other exploitative practices respondents were asked six questions. On each of them 90 per cent of the respondents answered that they were not faced with such experience.
  • Related to COVID-19, 207 respondents were aware of the pandemic. Most of them (85%) received information from media, followed by local / national authorities (62%), family / friends (58.4%), civil society / NGOs (56.5%), medical staff (28%) and UN or other international organizations (7.2%).
  • Almost all of the respondents (207) did not consider the option of returning during their journey.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int