Migration Flows

Europe — Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe - Overview of Trends (January — June 2020)

Between January and June 2020, 6,177 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Spain, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Malta. Of these, 2,302 (37%) were unaccompanied or separated children (UASC). Child arrivals in Greece, Italy, Bulgaria and Spain in the first half of 2020 decreased by 32% compared to the first half in 2019 (8,236).

Impact of COVID
The impact which COVID-19 has had on entire systems and population groups of course extends to refugee and migrant children. Suspension of procedures such as registration, age assessment and asylum impacted access to services for children, including guardianship, and in some contexts access to appropriate shelter. Family reunion/reunification has been delayed with the suspension of asylum procedures, consular services in third countries and limited flight options to facilitate transfers. Physical distancing and confinement measures have exacerbated previous challenges of individual oversight and case management, effective information provision to children as well as support for caregivers and parents. Access to education has been a challenge particularly in reception facilities, as refugee and migrant children may not have the same levels of connectivity for online learning, and with crowded reception conditions being far less conducive to learning than school environments. Integration may also be hindered as regular interaction in schools and with host community children and teachers has been disrupted.
Overall, heightened risk factors such as increased poverty and food insecurity, limited access to education, disruption of peer and social support networks for children/caregivers, as well as community and social support services, have had a detrimental effect on mental health and psycho-social well-being, and exacerbated the risk of violence, abuse and neglect for children, both unaccompanied and within families.

Contact

DTM Mediterranean, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Burundi — Flow Monitoring Dashboard: United Republic Of Tanzania Border (January 2021)

This Dashboard provides an analysis of the trends in population mobility observed at eight (8) active flow monitoring points (FMPs) established at unofficial border crossings between the Burundi and United Republic of Tanzania border at Kwa Ntunaguzi, Kwa Elidadi, Kwa Rutuku, Nashaza, Mukambati, Mbundi, Rusumo and Kabuyenge. Over the reporting period, a total of 37,313 movements were observed at these points. This represents a decrease of 20 per cent as compared to the daily average movements observed in December 2020. This decrease is due to the decision taken by Burundian authorities on 11 January 2021 to restrict land and sea routes population movements in an effort to curb the spread of COVID-19 in the country. About 53 per cent of all movements were incoming and 47 per cent were outgoing, with most of the movements travelling towards the United Republic of Tanzania, also the main country of origin for incoming movements.

Contact

DTMBurundi@iom.int

Burundi — Tableau De Bord Du Suivi Des Flux Frontière à la République Unie de Tanzanie (Janvier 2021)

Ce tableau de bord fournit une analyse des tendances de la mobilité des populations observées au niveau de huit (8) points de suivi des flux actifs établis sur des points d’entrée non-officiels entre la frontière du Burundi et de la République Unie de Tanzanie à Kwa Ntunaguzi, Kwa Elidadi, Kwa Rutuku, Nashaza, Mukambati, Mbundi, Rusumo et Kabuyenge. Au cours de la période considérée, un total de 37 313 mouvements ont été observés à ces points. Cela représente une diminution de 20 pour cent par rapport à la moyenne quotidienne des mouvements observée en décembre 2020. Cette diminution est dûe aux mesures de restriction des mouvements de personnes par voies terrestre et maritime prises par les autorités burundaises le 11 janvier 2021 pour prévenir la flambée de COVID-19 dans le pays. Environ 53 pour cent de tous les mouvements étaient entrants et 47 pour cent étaient sortants, avec la plupart des mouvements sortants allant vers la République Unie de Tanzanie, principal pays d’origine des flux entrants enregistrés aux points de suivi des flux. 

Contact

DTMBurundi@iom.int

Burundi – Tableau De Bord Du Suivi Des Flux: Frontière Burundi-République Démocratique Du Congo (Décembre 2020)

Ce tableau de bord offre une analyse des tendances de mobilité des populations observées au niveau de sept (7) points de suivi des flux, cinq (5) établis sur des points non-officiels dans la province de Cibitoke (Kagazi Tr4, Kagazi Tr6, Kigazura, Ndava Tr6 et Rukana Tr1) et deux (2) établis sur des points officiels dans la province de Bujumbura Rurale (Gatumba et Vugizo) entre la frontière du Burundi et la République Démocratique du Congo. Pendant la période considérée, un total de 3 754 mouvements ont été observés par les enquêteurs à ces points. Cela représente une diminution de 2 pour cent par rapport à la moyenne journalière des mouvements observées en novembre 2020. Environ 60 pour cent de tous les mouvements étaient entrants et 40 pour cent étaient sortants, avec presque tous les mouvements sortants allant vers la République Démocratique du Congo, principal pays d’origine des flux entrants enregistrés aux points de suivi des flux. Les mouvements importants observés en dates du 2 et 9 décembre 2020 étaient dûs au retour des burundais pour intégrer leurs communautés d’origine en provenance de la République Démocratique du Congo en passant par le point de suivi des flux de Gatumba. Les mouvements ont diminué de 89 pour cent par rapport à la moyenne journalière des mouvements observés au mois de mars (28 348 mouvements) en raison de la restriction des mouvements de population prise par les autorités burundaises pour prévenir la flambée de COVID-19 dans le pays.

Contact

DTMBurundi@iom.int

Burundi — Flow Monitoring Dashboard: Burundi/DRC Border (December 2020)

This Dashboard provides an analysis of the trends in population mobility observed at seven (7) flow monitoring points (FMPs), five (5) established at unofficial border crossings in the province of Cibitoke (Kagazi Tr4, Kagazi Tr6, Kigazura, Ndava Tr6 and Rukana Tr1) and two (2) established at official border crossings in the province of Bujumbura Rural (Gatumba and Vugizo) between Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Over the reporting period, a total of 3,754 movements were observed at these points. This represents a decrease of 2 per cent as compared to the daily average movements observed in November 2020. About 60 per cent of all movements were incoming and 40 per cent were outgoing, with most of the movements travelling towards the Democratic Republic of the Congo, also the main country of origin for incoming movements. Two sharp increases in movements were observed on 2nd and 9th December 2020 due to the return of Burundian nationals to their community of origin from the Democratic Republic of the Congo through Gatumba FMP. The migration movements tracked have decreased by 89 per cent as compared to the daily average movements observed in March 2020 (28,348 movements), following the decision taken by the Burundian authorities to restrict movements into the country in an efoort to curb the spread of COVID-19.

Contact

DTMBurundi@iom.int

Chad — Flow Monitoring Survey Report — Examining the impacts of COVID-19 on travellers across Chad (July — December 2020)

In order to gain a better understanding of mobility flows and trends through West and Central Africa, IOM implements the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s (DTM) Flow Monitoring (FM) tool at key transit points across the region.

In Chad, from July to December 2020, DTM collected data at eight Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs). Among them, three are located in northern Chad (Faya, Zouarké and Ounianga Kébir). The remaining five are located at the Cameroonian border (Binder, Fianga, Koutéré, Léré and Pont Bongor), in order to observe travellers’ cross-border flows in the context of mobility restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

This report presents key data related to COVID-19, gathered through the FMS during this period at these eight FMPs.

Among the 3,817 travellers surveyed, 96 per cent were aware of the COVID-19 pandemic, 54 per cent had taken at least one mitigation measure during their travel and 42 per cent had encountered challenges since the beginning of the pandemic.

Contact

DTM Chad, dtmtchad@iom.int

Tchad — Suivi des flux de populations — Analyse d'enquêtes individuelles — Impacts du COVID-19 sur les voyageurs (Juillet — Décembre 2020)

Afin de mieux comprendre les mouvements et tendances migratoires en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre, l’OIM, à travers la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix, DTM), met en œuvre l’activité de Suivi des flux de populations.

Au Tchad, entre les mois de juillet et décembre 2020, la DTM a recueilli des données au niveau de huit Points de suivi des flux (Flow Monitoring Point, FMP). Parmi ceux-ci, trois étaient situés dans le nord du Tchad (Faya, Zouarké et Ounianga Kébir), et cinq à la frontière camerounaise (Binder, Fianga, Koutéré, Léré et Pont Bongor) pour observer les flux transfrontaliers des voyageurs dans le contexte des restrictions de mobilité liées à la pandémie de COVID-19.

Ce rapport présente les données clés relatives au COVID-19 collectées dans le cadre des enquêtes FMS durant cette période au niveau de ces huit points de passage. 

Parmi les 3 817 personnes interrogées, 96 pour cent avaient connaissance du COVID-19, 54 pour cent avaient pris au moins une mesure de prévention au cours de leur voyage et 42 pour cent avaient rencontré des défis depuis le début de la pandémie.

Contact

DTM Chad, dtmtchad@iom.int

Europe — Mixed Migration Flows to Europe, Quarterly Overview (October - December 2020)

In the fourth quarter of 2020, a total of 37,454 migrants and refugees were registered arriving to Europe through the three Mediterranean routes, which is 12 per cent less than the 42,713 arrivals registered in the same period in 2019, and 10 per cent less than the 41,819 registered in 2018. Arrivals in the fourth quarter of 2020 increased by 19 per cent compared to the previous reporting period (31,563 in Q3 2020). This significant increase registered in arrivals somewhat coincides with the ease of travel and mobility restrictions previously imposed by authorities to curb the spread of the COVID-19 virus since late February-beginning of March 2020.

Around (61%) of all registered individuals in Q4 of 2020 arrived in Europe through the Western Mediterranean and Western African Atlantic route by reaching Spain (22,816). Another 28 per cent were registered in Italy (10,428), and Malta (119) and the remaining 8 per cent crossed the Eastern Mediterranean and disembarked in Greece (2,457) and Bulgaria (1,634).1

Contact

DTM Mediterranean, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Turkey — Migrant Presence Monitoring Yearly Report (2020)

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM), there are more than 4.4 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory, 3.6 million of whom are seeking international protection. Most of those seeking international protection are Syrians (3,643,769 individuals: 3,585,017 urban caseload and 58,752 residing in camps) who are granted temporary protection status in Turkey. According to DGMM, as of end of 2020, there were 31,334 international protection applicants most frequently nationals of Afghanistan, Iraq and the Islamic Republic of Iran constitute another group of foreign nationals seeking Turkish humanitarian and legal protection. There is an increase of 67,000 individuals in the number of Syrian nationals in comparison to last year’s figures.

In addition, there are 817,898 foreign nationals present in Turkey holding residency permits including humanitarian residence holders. The exact number of the humanitarian residence holders is unknown, but it is estimated that there are a few thousand humanitarian resident holders.

Contact

DTM Turkey, DTMTurkey@iom.int

Burundi — Tableau De Bord Du Suivi Des Flux Frontière à la République Unie de Tanzanie (Décembre 2020)

Ce tableau de bord fournit une analyse des tendances de la mobilité des populations observées au niveau de huit (8) points de suivi des flux actifs établis sur des points d’entrée non-officiels entre la frontière du Burundi et de la République Unie de Tanzanie à Kwa Ntunaguzi, Kwa Elidadi, Kwa Rutuku, Nashaza, Mukambati, Mbundi, Rusumo et Kabuyenge. Au cours de la période considérée un total de 46 572 mouvements ont été observés à ces points. Cela représente une augmentation de 3 pour cent par rapport à la moyenne quotidienne des mouvements observée en novembre 2020. Environ 57 pour cent de tous les mouvements étaient entrants et 43 pour cent étaient sortants, avec la plupart des mouvements sortants allant vers la République Unie de Tanzanie, principal pays d’origine des flux entrants enregistrés aux points de suivi des flux.

Contact

DTMBurundi@iom.int