Flow Monitoring Survey

Republic of Moldova — Displacement Surveys with Ukrainian Refugees and TCNs (09 March - 12 May 2022)

As the war in Ukraine has entered its fourth month, the civilian population is bearing the burden of ongoing hostilities. Since the onset of the war, refugees from Ukraine and Third Country Nationals (TCNs) not in need of international protection have been fleeing from Ukraine to the Republic of Moldova. From 24 February to 12 May 2022, the Moldovan authorities have reported a cumulative total of 459,608 arrivals from Ukraine into the Republic of Moldova, of whom 420,772 (91.6%) are Ukrainian refugees and 38,836 (8.4%) TCNs (Source: General Inspectorate for Border Police). 

This is the fourth fact sheet that summarizes the findings of the displacement survey conducted by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), in partnership with UN Women, to assess the humanitarian needs and intentions of refugees from Ukraine and TCNs fleeing into the Republic of Moldova from Ukraine. This report presents an analysis based on the 12,814 interviews conducted between 09 March and 12 May 2022, out of which 11,881 interviews took place in entry and exit border crossing points (BCPs): Otaci, Palanca and Tudora (entry from Ukraine), and Giurgiulesti, Leuseni (exit towards Romania), and in transit centres in Chisinau: Moldexpo, the Ukrainian Consulate and the main bus station. Additionally, 933 interviews were conducted in  reception centres and private accommodations. 

Contact

DTM Mediterranean, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Republic of Moldova — Displacement Data Analysis on Third Country Nationals (as of 20 June 2022)

Between 24 February and 20 June 2022, Ukrainian refugees represent 92 per cent (463,305) of all individuals registered at entry from Ukraine (UKR) to the Republic of Moldova (MDA). The remaining eight per cent (42,488) are other TCNs. Similarly, Ukrainian refugees represent 90 per cent (278,400) of all individuals registered while leaving the Republic of Moldova towards Romania during the reporting period and the remaining 10 per cent (32,013) are TCNs.
This report focuses on trends of TCNs from Ukraine to the Republic of Moldova, analyzing data about their stay or their subsequent movement out of the country.

Contact

DTM Mediterranean, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Flow monitoring of migrants in Tapachula and Tenosique, Round 2 (April 2022)

Context

Tapachula (State of Chiapas), and Tenosique (State of Tabasco), are the main receiving cities for migrants in southern Mexico. In 2021, the arrival records of the migrant population that entered Mexico through the southern border were broken, according to the records of the Mexican Commission for Refugee Assistance (COMAR), which reported 89,636 applications for recognition of refugee status in Tapachula and 7,153 applications in Tabasco. 

During the second semester of the year in question, the services for migrants in the city of Tapachula presented greater demand, in the month of November the National Institute of Migration (INM) through the provision of buses transferred migrants to other states such as Puebla , Querétaro, Hidalgo, State of Mexico, Guanajuato, Sonora, Colima and Jalisco to continue with their procedures. According to the Migration Policy Unit (UPMRIP), during 2021, 307,679 events of foreigners presented or channeled by the immigration authority were registered, of which 76,333 were registered in Chiapas and 44,008 in Tabasco. 

Methodology

The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is a system to track and monitor displacement and population mobility. This study used the mobility tracking and surveys components, which are designed to quantify the presence of migrants and generate data for understanding their socioeconomic and migratory characteristics. 

The study consists of three rounds of monitoring. This report gives the results of round two, corresponding to April 2022, and focuses on the findings regarding the protection of vulnerable migrants.  

The cities serving as study areas are Tapachula in Chiapas and Tenosique in Tabasco, both border sites in southern Mexico. 

The round two surveys of migrants were conducted during the first week of April from Monday, April 4, to Friday, April 8. In both cities, spaces such as parks, plazas, shelters, and shelter surroundings were selected as high migrant concentration points. 

Out of a total of 323 interviews, 321 were effective and two were invalid (the required consent was not given); 69% of the interviews were conducted in Tapachula and 31% in Tenosique. Probability sampling, clustered by high migrant concentration points, was used. 

Contact

Laura Canché, lcanche@iom.int; Miranda Mora, mirmora@iom.int

México - Monitoreo de flujos migratorios en Tapachula y Tenosique, Ronda 2 (Abril 2022)

Contexto

Tapachula (Estado de Chiapas), y Tenosique (Estado de Tabasco), son las principales ciudades receptoras de personas migrantes en el sur de México. En el año 2021 se rompieron los récords de arribo de población migrante que ingresó a México por la frontera sur, según los registros de la Comisión Mexicana de Ayuda a Refugiados (COMAR), que reportó 89.636 solicitudes de reconocimiento de la condición de refugiado en Tapachula y 7.153 solicitudes en Tabasco. 

Durante el segundo semestre del año en mención, los servicios para migrantes en la ciudad de Tapachula presentaron mayor demanda, en el mes de noviembre el Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM) mediante la provisión de autobuses trasladó a las personas migrantes a otros estados como Puebla, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Estado de México, Guanajuato, Sonora, Colima y Jalisco para seguir con sus trámites. De acuerdo con la Unidad de Política Migratoria (UPMRIP), durante el 2021 se registraron 307.679 eventos de personas extranjeras presentadas o canalizadas por la autoridad migratoria, de las cuales 76.333 se registraron en Chiapas y 44.008 en Tabasco. 

Metodología

La Matriz de Seguimiento al Desplazamiento (DTM, por sus siglas en inglés) es un sistema para seguir y monitorear el desplazamiento y la movilidad de las poblaciones. Para el presente estudio se utilizaron los subcomponentes del seguimiento de la movilidad y las encuestas, los cuales tienen como objetivo cuantificar la presencia de personas migrantes y generar datos para conocer las características socioeconómicas y migratorias de las personas migrantes. 

El estudio consta de tres rondas de monitoreo, para este caso se presentan los resultados de la ronda dos, correspondiente al mes de abril de 2022, el cual se enfocará en los hallazgos encontrados en cuanto protección a personas migrantes en condición de vulnerabilidad.   

El levantamiento de encuestas con personas migrantes de la ronda dos se realizó durante la primera semana de abril, comprendida del lunes 4 al viernes 8. Para ambas ciudades se seleccionaron como puntos de alta concentración de población migrante espacios como parques, plazas, albergues e inmediaciones de albergues. 

Se realizaron 323 encuestas: 321 encuestas efectivas y 2 inválidas (no se contó con el consentimiento requerido), 69 por ciento de las encuestas se levantaron en Tapachula y 31 por ciento en Tenosique. Se realizó un muestreo probabilístico conglomerado por puntos de alta concentración de personas migrantes.   

Contact

Laura Canché, lcanche@iom.int; Miranda Mora, mirmora@iom.int

Mali — Flow Monitoring Report 76 (May 2022)

In order to gain a better understanding of mobility flows and trends, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has implemented the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s Flow Monitoring (FM) tool at key transit points across the region. Flow Monitoring activities are conducted in close cooperation with national and local authorities as well as local partners. The Flow Monitoring tool consists of two main components: the Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR), which captures key data on the volume, origin, destination and mode of travel of mobility flows, and the Flow Monitoring Survey (FMS), individual surveys conducted with travellers to gather detailed information about the profiles, migration experience and intentions of migrants. Through these activities, the Flow Monitoring tool collects data on migration flows and trends, traveller profiles, migration journeys, and intentions of migrants, so as to obtain a better understanding of mobility.

In Mali, DTM conducts Flow Monitoring activities at seven Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) located across six regions, in order to foster a better understanding of the numbers, trends, profiles, and journeys of migration flows crossing these points. 

This reports presents data collected through the Flow Monitoring Registry in May 2022. 

Contact

DTM Mali, DTMMali@iom.int

Chile — Monitoreo de Flujo de Población Venezolana 6 (Enero 2022)

El presente informe, correspondiente a la sexta ronda de la DTM, muestra los resultados obtenidos de la aplicación de una encuesta de carácter presencial en seis puntos de la zona norte de Chile, distribuidos específicamente en las regiones de Coquimbo, Antofagasta, Tarapacá y Arica y Parinacota. El reporte incluye información relativa a características sociodemográficas y socioeconómicas, además de elementos relacionados con la ruta migratoria, detalles del acceso a salud, episodios de discriminación y necesidades de protección social de un conjunto de 300 personas migrantes y refugiadas venezolanas en Chile.

Contact

iombuenosaires@iom.int

Tchad — Rapport sur le suivi des flux de populations 49 (Janvier — Mars 2022)

Ce rapport présente les données clés collectées entre janvier et mars 2022 au niveau de deux points de suivi des flux (Faya et Ounianga-Kébir) situés au nord du Tchad. 45 111 voyageurs ont été observés pendant 90 jours, soit une moyenne journalière de 505 personnes. 420 personnes parmi eux ont été interviewées sur leurs profils, parcours migratoires et intentions. 

L’assouplissement des restrictions des mouvements vers les zones aurifères, mises en place dans la province du Borkou en fin 2021, était le principal facteur ayant influé sur la tendance migratoire durant ce trimestre. 73% des personnes interviewées provenaient des localités du Tchad et 27% de la Libye. Par ailleurs, 64% des voyageurs interviewés se dirigeaient dans des zones situées au Tchad, 32% en Libye et 4% au Nigeria. 

Contact

DTM Tchad, dtmtchad@iom.int

Republic of Moldova — Displacement Surveys — Ukrainian Refugees and TCNs crossing to Ukraine (16 April - 27 May 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, an increasing number of people fleeing from Ukraine to the neighbouring countries has been observed, as a result of the war in Ukraine. As of 7 June, 489,283 Ukrainian refugees and third country nationals (TCNs) were registered at border crossing points (BCPs) while entering from Ukraine into the Republic of Moldova. Additionally, 87,621 Ukrainian refugees and TCNs, who have entered into the Republic of Moldova after 24 February, have since exited back to Ukraine.

This report presents a summary of displacement survey findings commissioned by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in partnership with UN Women. Data were collected before crossing to Ukraine at three main border crossing points (BCPs) – Palanca and Tudora (Stefan Voda district in the South) and Otaci (Ocnita district in the North) between 16 April and 27 May. Individual crossings into Ukraine are not necessarily returnees and conclusions on definitive trends cannot yet be drawn. The sample is not representative of all persons crossing to Ukraine, and results should only be considered as indicative.

Contact

DTM Mediterranean, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Pakistan – COVID-19 Point of Entry (PoE) Analysis (March 2020 – April 2022)

The outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility through various travel disruptions and restrictions. To better understand how the pandemic affects global mobility, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has developed an online tool and database to register points of entry (POE), exit and transit, where mobility restrictions and response measures are in place. To support these efforts, the Displacement Tracking Matrix Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy (DTM REMAP) team in Pakistan mapped and gathered data on the current statuses of POEs in the country.

Between March and April 2022, the DTM REMAP team in Pakistan monitored 17¹ POEs. These included nine airports, six land borders and two blue borders. The status of various POEs remained fully operational as most of the COVID restrictions were relaxed after a steady decrease in COVID-19 cases in the country. At the end of April, fifteen POEs were fully operational, one was partially operational and one was fully closed.


During March 2022, COVID-19 cases in the country constantly declined and, by the end of the month, 70 per cent of the population was vaccinated. Therefore, on 16 March 2022 the National Command and Operation Center (NCOC) decided to lift all COVID-19 restrictions, except for non-vaccinated people. Based on very low positivity rate of COVID-19 (0.82%) on 31 March 2022, the government decided to disband the NCOC in the country.

Contact

dtmremapsupport@iom.int

Republic of Moldova — Displacement Surveys with Third-Country Nationals (09 March - 12 May 2022)

As the war in Ukraine has entered its fourth month, the civilian population is bearing the burden of ongoing hostilities. Since the onset of the war, Ukrainian refugees and Third Country Nationals (TCNs) have been fleeing from Ukraine to the Republic of Moldova; From 24 February to 12 May 2022, the Moldovan authorities have reported a cumulative total of 459,608 arrivals from Ukraine into the Republic of Moldova, of whom 420,772 (91.6%) are Ukrainian refugees and 38,836 (8.4%) TCNs. (Source: General Inspectorate for Border Police).

To inform an evidence based response, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), in partnership with UN Women, conducted a displacement survey with 12,814 Ukrainian refugees and TCNs in entry and exit border crossing points (BCP): Otaci, Palanca, Tudora, Giurgiulesti, Leuseni; and in transit centres: MoldExpo, the Ukrainian Consulate and the main bus station in Chisinau; and in reception centres and private accommodations between 09 Marchand 12May 2022.

Contact

DTM Mediterranean, DTMMediterranean@iom.int