Assessment Report

South Sudan — Biometric registration and cash assistance update: Raja Town (July 2021)

The International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and Shelter and Settlement teams visited Raja Town’s IDP, returnee and host populations in July 2021 in order enable humanitarian access through registration and to respond to immediate shelter needs of returning, displaced and local communities. IOM DTM maintains a biometric registration database in Raja Town. During maintenance IOM carries out registrations of new born babies, the replacements of lost cards, merging of households that have requested to be included as one unit and the handling of referred protection cases from protection partners. In July 2021, IOM registered 6,827 individuals (2,000 households) categorized as 3,741 returnees (55%), 2,773 host community members (41%) and 313 IDPs (5%).

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

South Sudan — Biometric registration update: Wau Masna Collective Center (July 2021)

IOM DTM biometrically verified and registered new arrivals at Wau Masna Collective Centre bringing the total population to 3,445 individuals (903 households) as of July 2021. This exercise was prompted by monthly population counts that continuously showed the site's population to have decreased, reaching 2,732 IDPs in June 2021 which stood in stark contrast to the 10,997 IDPs that remained officially registered in the biometric database at the time.

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

Afghanistan — Baseline Mobility Assessment Summary Results (January—March 2021)

In Afghanistan, DTM employs the Baseline Mobility Assessment tool, designed to track mobility, determine the population sizes, locations and geographic distribution of forcibly displaced, return and migrant populations, reasons for displacement, places of origin, and times of displacement, as well as basic demographics, vulnerabilities and priority needs. Data is collected at the settlement level, through community focus group discussions with key informants and direct observations.

As of 34 March 2021, 34 provinces, 401 districts and 12,882 settlements have been assessed, including interviews with 77,019 key informants. Between 2012 and March 2021, 4,359,961 returnees and 4,927,639 IDPs currently living in host communities were identified.

Contact

DTMAfghanistan@iom.int

Afghanistan — Emergency Event Tracking (1 - 12 September 2021)

The DTM Emergency Event Tracking (EET) tool is deployed with funding from the European Union to track sudden displacement and population movements. Activated on a need basis, EET utilises a broad network of community focal points (CFP) to capture best estimates of the affected population presence, with one focal point interviewed per community. From 1 September 2021, DTM teams activated EET in Afghanistan to monitor the displacement of individuals and conditions of communities following episodes of drought and rapid political changes.

Contact

DTMAFGHANISTAN@iom.int

Methodology

Event Tracking

Costa Rica-Linea base para la evaluación de flujos migratorios y presencia de migrantes, #2 (Junio 2021)

La población migrante extrarregional continúa ingresando por puestos no habilitados en jornadas diurnas y nocturnas, haciendo uso del transporte público de autobuses y transporte informal en el cordón fronterizo de Paso Canoas. Según la percepción de informantes claves y observaciones en campo, para este mes se experimentó un aumento en la cantidad de personas que ingresan a Costa Rica, con respecto al mes anterior.

De forma oficial, se mantiene la posibilidad de facilitar el tránsito terrestre de sur a norte, excepto por razones humanitarias previamente coordinadas por los Gobiernos de Costa Rica, Nicaragua y Panamá. Sin embargo, autoridades de la Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería de Costa Rica (DGME) indican no tener presupuesto para facilitar la Operación de Flujo Controlado por medio de burbujas. Este flujo migratorio regulado exige algunos requisitos, entre ellos acatar las medidas sanitarias dictadas por el Ministerio de Salud (MINSA) para la atención de la COVID-19, un seguro de enfermedad por COVID-19 y completar el formulario denominado Pase de Salud.

A la fecha de este informe, el ingreso de población migrante extrarregional a Costa Ricano posee las condiciones que le faculten un tránsito de forma segura y ordenada, así como un centro de orientación y atención primaria activo para miles de familias que cruzan de forma irregular en puntos no habilitados en la frontera. Se estima que son cerca de cinco mil puntos no habilitados de ingreso irregular.  

La Policía Profesional de Migración y Extranjería (PPME), vía Decreto Ejecutivo y bajo el fundamento del Reglamento de Organización y Servicio de la Policía Profesional de Migración y Extranjería, reafirmó su postura de hacer respetar las medidas de rechazo para el ingreso de poblaciones de forma irregular y ampliaron los lugares habilitados para el rechazo:

“De conformidad con lo establecido en la resolución número D.JUR. 99-06-2020-ABM, publicada en el alcance número 180 al Diario oficial la Gaceta número 173 del 18 de julio de 2020, se podrán realizar rechazos en cualquier parte del cordón fronterizo sin que sea necesaria la recepción de la persona extranjera por parte de las autoridades del país de acogida”[1].

 

Comerciantes dueños de hoteles, taxis, autobuses y personas usuarias del servicio de transporte público en el cantón Corredores se encuentran disconformes con las dinámicas del flujo migratorio y su abordaje por parte de las autoridades migratorias.

Aunado a esta situación, las autoridades de salud han detectado casos positivos de COVID-19 entre personas migrantes extrarregionales que asisten al Hospital Ciudad Neily,  por lo que han manifestado su preocupación por el ingreso sin control de esta población al territorio costarricense. Esta situación ha hecho eco en la población, con algunas personas manifestando en las redes sociales del transporte público su temor precisamente por esto mismo que catalogan como un ingreso sin control sobre las medidas de bioseguridad.

 

3Diario Oficial La Gaceta. Alcance N°  180 a la Gaceta N° 173 (San José, 2021). Disponible en: www.migracion.go.cr/SiteAssets/Paginas/Documentos-/D.JUR-99-06-2020-ABM%20Ejecución%20de%20Rechazos.pdf

Contact

Angelica Madrigal amadrigal@iom.int

Mali — Flow Monitoring Report 67 (AUGUST 2021)

In order to gain a better understanding of mobility flows and trends through West and Central Africa, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) implements the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s Flow Monitoring (FM) tool at key transit points across the region. the Flow Monitoring tool collects data on migration flows and trends, traveller profiles, migration journeys, and intentions of migrants, so as to obtain a better understanding of mobility in West and Central Africa. In Mali, DTM conducts Flow Monitoring activities at 7 Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) located across 6 regions, in order to foster a better understanding of the numbers, trends, profiles, and journeys of migration flows crossing these points. This report presents data collected through the Flow Monitoring Registry in August 2021. 

Contact

DTM Mali, DTMMali@iom.int

Mali — Rapport sur le suivi des flux de populations 67 (AOUT 2021)

Afin de mieux comprendre les mouvements et tendances migratoires en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre, l’OIM, à travers la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix, DTM), met en œuvre l’activité de Suivi des flux de populations (Flow Monitoring, FM). Le suivi des flux de populations récolte ainsi des données sur les flux et tendances migratoires, les profils des voyageurs et les parcours et intentions des migrants, afin de fournir une meilleure compréhension des mobilités en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. Au Mali, la DTM recueille des données au niveau de 7 Points de suivi des flux (Flow Monitoring Points, FMP), repartis dans 6 régions afin d’obtenir une meilleure compréhension de l’ampleur, des tendances, des caractéristiques socio-démographiques et des parcours des flux de voyageurs traversant ces différents points. Ce rapport présente les données recueillies dans le cadre des activités d’enregistrement des flux durant le mois de août 2021.

Contact

DTM Mali, DTMMali@iom.int

Ethiopia — Household Level Intention Survey: Tigray Region (July 2021)

In July 2021, the International Organization for Migration (IOM)'s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), Camp Coordinaton and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster and Protection Cluster worked together to carry out household level intention surveys in Tigray region for the first time. In response to this changing mobility context, the purpose of the household level intention survey was to better understand the intention of IDPs in urban areas with high displacement concentrations, the barriers preventing their preferred durable solution and the support needed to pursue that durable solution. The household level intention survey was conducted in Abi Adi, Adigrat, Adwa, Axum, Mekelle, Sheraro and Shire, where representative sampling was deployed in each of these 7 urban areas. 

In terms of preferred durable solutions, 89% of respondents wanted to return to their places of origin, 10% wanted to locally integrate, less than 1% wanted to relocate/resettle and less than 1% was unsure or preferred not to answer the question. Of those who wanted to return, 95% stated that the availability of food was the main factor that needs to be ensured before starting return. This was followed by the need for safety and security as stated by 64% of respondents, the renovation or reconstruction of shelter by 40% of respondents and the avaibility of livelihoods options as mentioned by 29% of respondents. 53% of surveyed IDPs cited that they originated from Western zone while 28% of surveyed IDPs cited that they came from Northwestern zone. Meanwhile, an overwhelming majority of IDP households surveyed (99%) said that their main need is food. This was followed by shelter, as mentioned by 71% of IDP households and non-food items (NFIs) as mentioned by 63% of IDP households. 

In light of these intentions and needs, recommendations have also been made at the end of the report. This includes that IDPs should be given the option to return, resettle in suitable locations within Tigray, or remain in their areas of displacement until they voluntarily decide to return or resettle elsewhere. They should be free to choose whether to receive humanitarian assistance in their location of displacement, return or resettlement. 

Contact

DTM Ethiopia, SLOAddisAbabaDTM@iom.int

IOM COVID-19 Impact On Points Of Entry Bi-Weekly Analysis 15 September 2021

IOM COVID-19 Impact on Points of Entry Bi-Weekly Analysis is meant to serve IOM Member States, IOM, UN and voluntary partner agencies, the civil society (including media) as well as the general population in analysing the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Points of Entry. It is particularly relevant when identifying and addressing specific needs faced by migrants and mobile populations, disproportionately affected by global mobility restrictions.
 
The report is based on information provided by IOM field staff, using resources available at the IOM country office level and is accurate to the best of IOM’s knowledge at the time of compilation. All information is being constantly validated, including the geolocation and attributes, and through regular assessments and triangulation of information. The updates depend on the time frame within which the information becomes available and is processed by IOM. For this reason, the analysis is always dated and timestamped in order to reflect reality at a given time. However, as the situation continuously evolves and changes, despite IOM’s best efforts, the analysis may not always accurately reflect the multiple and simultaneous restrictive measures being imposed at a specific location. 

Contact

dtmcovid19@iom.int

Methodology

Mobility Tracking