Map

SIERRA LEONE — Transhumance tracking tool, Participatory presence mapping (February-March, 2022)

Falaba became a new district of Sierra Leone in 2016. The Faranah Prefecture is located immediately across the border in neighboring Guinea with Sierra Leone. Both areas are remote, hard-to-reach and sparsely populated, yet cross-border movement remains pronounced between these two locations. The district comprised mostly of cattle herding and farming as major economic and livelihood activities, and it is considered a rural district. Cross- border trade is also known of the district. In terms of the district ethnic composition, Mandigo, Fula, Yalunka and Kuranko are among the major tribes inhabiting the district, with Yalunka constituting the highest.

On the Guinea side the main ethnic groups represented are Djalonke, Kurankos, and Fulani, with the Kurankos and Yalunkas from the Sierra Leone side. The Fulani (Peulh) are semi-nomadic pastoralist people practicing free-range cattle herding. The other ethnic groups present in the regions on both sides are largely engaged in subsistence crop farming, cultivating rice, groundnut, hot pepper, and vegetables which is practiced by both men and women.

The border areas in Falaba and Faranah both attract a sizable volume of transhumance migration. With large mass of potential grazing land attainable, cattle herders are increasingly migrating from other districts in Sierra Leone and Guinea to Falaba. Concurrently, Faranah attracts herders from other Guinea’s prefectures and into Falaba in Sierra Leone for its grazing land.

Contact

ekallon@iom.int

Methdology

Other

Nigeria — North-Central and North-West — Mobility Tracking IDP Atlas (October 2022)

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) provides support to the Government and humanitarian partners by establishing a comprehensive system that collects, analyses and disseminates data on Internally Displaced Persons or IDPs to ensure timely and effective assistance to the affected populations. Data collection takes place at a granular level and is repeated at regular intervals to ensure accurate and up-to-date information. 
As of October 2022, the DTM identified a total of 1,087,875 IDPs in 180,307 households in Nigeria’s north-central and north-west zones. This signifies an IDP increase of 12.2 per cent or 118,118 IDPs compared to March 2022. The IDP population included IDPs in camps and camp-like settings (217,205 individuals or 20%) and IDPs residing in host communities (870,670 individuals or 80%). 

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Chad — Mobility Mapping in Chad (June 2022)

This report is composed of a set of maps presenting the different migration phenomena and trends in Chad. It describes the various population movements recorded from, to and within Chadian territory and profiles the populations on the move.

The types of mobility covered in this paper include socioeconomic movements; movements of Chadians abroad and of foreign nationals in Chad; transhumance; forced displacement and IOM-facilitated returns. Often, these different mobilities intersect and intertwine. This report attempts to highlight this link and to better understand the related dynamics.

This report is the result of a compilation of various databases, reports from different information sources and testimonies collected directly from mobile populations or key informants. The sources are indicated on each page.

While it can’t be considered complete or representative, the report provides a general picture of the migration situation in Chad.

RDC — Nord Kivu: Analyse synthétique des intentions sur les solutions durables (18-26 aout 2022)

Ce rapport présente les résultats de l'enquête sur les intentions de relocalisation et de transfert menée du 18 au 26 août 2022. Cette enquête fournit des informations sur les profils, les caractéristiques du déplacement et les intentions en termes de solutions durables ou de relocalisation, pour la population déplacée de EP Matumaini, de EP Remera, de EP Rugabo, du stade de Rugabo et du territoire de Rutshuru, province du Nord-Kivu.

Contact

DTM DRC, iomdrcdtm@iom.int

Type

Map

Niger — Diffa Stability Index Report 1 (November — December 2021)

The instability in the region of Diffa has triggered significant internal displacement of communities in the country of Niger. This complex crisis is fueled by multiple interrelated risk factors, including growing competition over scarce resources, climate change, poverty, lack of livelihood opportunities, communal tensions, demographic pressures, and violence related to organized crime and Non-State Armed Groups. 

In order to find durable solutions for internal displacement — whether through return to communities of origin, local integration, or relocation — and to prevent new displacements in the region, it is critical to understand the relative levels of stability in locations hosting returnees or displaced populations. Therefore, IOM has launched the Stability Index (SI) to evaluate and seek to understand which factors influence a location's stability, which can inform priority programmatic interventions along the humanitarian, peace and development nexus in order to strengthen the resilience and stability and prevent future forced displacements. This report presents the results of Stability Index assessments in the Diffa region of Niger.

Contact

Niger Migration Data and Research Unit- nigerdataresearch@iom.int

Niger — Liptako Gourma Stability Index Report 1 (December 2021)

The instability in the Liptako Gourma region of the Central Sahel has triggered significant displacement in communities in the three bordering countries: Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger. This complex crisis is fueled by multiple interrelated risk factors, including growing competition over scarce resources, climate change, poverty, lack of livelihood opportunities, communal tensions, demographic pressures, and violence related to organized crime and Non-State Armed Groups. It has led to the death of an estimated 5,000 people in 2022 and has triggered the displacement of more than 2 million individuals throughout the affected countries. However, even as humanitarian and development needs continue to escalate, there is evidence that some displaced persons are returning to their areas of origin or habitual residence, while others face prolonged displacement, including individuals displaced in Northern Mali that left their areas of origin more than a decade ago in 2012.

In order to find durable solutions for internal displacement — whether through return to communities of origin, local integration, or relocation — and to prevent new displacements in the region, it is critical to understand the relative levels of stability in locations hosting returnees or displaced populations. Therefore, IOM has launched the Stability Index (SI) to evaluate and seek to understand which factors influence a location's stability, which can inform priority programmatic interventions along the humanitarian, peace and development nexus in order to strengthen the resilience and stability and prevent future forced displacements. This report presents the results of Stability Index assessments in Niger.

Contact

Niger Migration Data and Research Unit- nigerdataresearch@iom.int

Nigeria — North-East — Mobility Tracking IDP and Returnee Atlas (July 2022)

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) provides support to the Government and humanitarian partners by establishing a comprehensive system that collects, analyses and disseminates data on IDPs and returnees to ensure timely and effective assistance to the affected populations. Data collection takes place at a granular level and is repeated at regular intervals to ensure accurate and up-to-date information.


As of July 2022, the DTM identified a total of 2,455,190 IDPs in 501,758 households and 1,983,130 returnees in 323,277 households. The IDP population included IDPs in camps and camp-like settings (988,428 individuals or 40%) and IDPs residing in host communities (1,466,762 individuals or 60%). The returnee population included IDP returnees (1,822,932 individuals or 92%) and returnees from abroad (323,277 individuals or 8%).

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Type

Map

Afghanistan - Key Findings: Baseline Mobility and Emergency Community-Based Needs Assessment, Round 15 (March-April 2022)

DTM has been conducting the Baseline Mobility Assessment in Afghanistan since 2016 to track mobility, provide information on population estimates, locations and geographic distribution of displaced and returnee populations, reasons for displacement, places of origin and periods of displacement. Vulnerabilities and multi-sectoral needs are covered in the Emergency Community- Based Needs Assessment (eCBNA) at the end of the report. Data is collected at the settlement level, through focus group discussions with community focal points and direct observations.

The key findings report summarizes the results of Round 15 of the BMA and eCBNA (conducted in March and April 2022), focusing on the 2021-to-2022 period. The full report can be found here: Baseline Mobility and Emergency Community-Based Needs Assessment Report (Round 15, March—April 2022)

Contact

DTMAfghanistan@iom.int

Returnee Update - Baseline Assessment Report - Mozambique - R16 - June 2022

During data collection of Baseline Assessment Round 16 (June 2022), IOM DTM teams additionally recorded the presence of returnees in newly accessible locations across Cabo Delgado and Niassa Provinces. In total, an estimated 138,231 returnees/ 33,873 returnee families were present in areas of return at time of assessment.


Over 59 per cent of all returnees (82,092 ind.) were reported to have arrived between October - December 2021. Out of these mapped populations, 54,461 individuals are reported to have returned to their habitual residences in Muidumbe district alone (Miteda and Muidumbe postos). Owing to logistical and access constraints during data collection, only 35 areas of return were assessed. A comparative analysis of return locations assessed so far records Muidumbe district as the area receiving the highest rate of returns (39 per cent, 54,461) followed by Palma (36 per cent, 49,543).

Contact

DTM Mozambique, DTMMozambique@iom.int

Methdology

Baseline Assessment