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Somalia — Displacement Situation Report Multi-Sectorial Location Assessment Round 1 (July- August 2020)

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Somalia is pleased to share with you the Multi-Sectorial Location Assessment  (MSLA) report presenting the main characteristics and needs of targeted population categories (host communities, IDPs, returnees from internal displacement, returnees from abroad). Data was conducted between July and August 2020 through key informant interviews. The report covers three regions: Hiraan, Shabelle Hoose and Shabelle Dhexe. 

Contact

DTM Somalia, IOMSomaliaDTM@iom.int

DTM Perspectiva Regional — Impacto de los huracanes Eta e Iota en países de Latinoamérica y El Caribe (Diciembre 2020)

Entre el 1 y el 18 de diciembre 2020, la región de América Central y el Caribe se vio afectada por dos importantes desastres naturales: el huracán Eta, que alcanzó la segunda categoría más alta en la escala de huracanes (Categoría 4), seguido del huracán Iota, que tuvo un impacto de Categoría 5, la cuál es la clasificación más alta. Ambos causaron fuertes impactos en la región, especialmente en 10 países, entre ellos Belice, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica y otras islas del Caribe, México, Nicaragua y Panamá, dejando más de 7 millones de personas afectadas a la fecha del 2 de diciembre 2020. Entre esos países, Honduras, Guatemala y Nicaragua son los más afectados.

Este informe de DTM OIM ofrece un panorama regional de los países afectados por esta emergencia ambiental, derivado de los datos recopilados y publicados por los gobiernos de la región, la Organización de las Naciones Unidas (ONU) y otras entidades intergubernamentales, organizaciones no gubernamentales (ONG), informes de los medios de comunicación y ejercicios de DTM a nivel de país.

Contact

dtmsupport@iom.int; rosanjose@iom.int

South Sudan — Masna Displacement Site Flow Monitoring (July - September 2020)

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix conducted 1,889 interviews representing 5,252 individual movements into and out of Masna collective centre from July to September 2020. Most of the movements were same-day movements (4,727) and out of these, the highest number of respondents were women (54%) moving out of the collective centre to access the market. Meanwhile, most of the individuals traveling temporarily into and out of Masna were doing so to visit friends/family and the highest number of respondents stated that their stay will be for at least two to four weeks. Separately, there were 143 new arrivals and 31 permanent exits and all of them moved to join their families. Out of the new arrivals, 65% were male and 41% intend to spend at least one to seven days at the collective centre. Out of the permanent exits, 60% were females who moved towards their former homes in Jur River and Mundri West.

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring

South Sudan — Naivasha Displacement Site Flow Monitoring (July - September 2020)

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix conducted 3,615 interviews representing 11,232 individual movements into and out of Naivasha IDP camp site from July to September 2020. The site registered a high number of same-day movements and most of them were women (62%) who were moving out of the site and the highest number of respondents stated they are visiting friends/family. On the other hand, most of the individuals traveling temporarily (59% male) into and out of Naivasha IDP Camp were doing so in an attempt to return home. Most of the temporary travelers intend to stay for more than six months. A small amount of temporary movements (3%) were due to issues of congestion at the site which raised individual concerns for the spread of COVID-19. DTM also noted 83 new arrivals and most of them moved into the site due to insecurity in their areas of habitual residence. Out of these new arrivals, 51 per cent are male and most of them intend to spend more than six months at the displacement site. Further interview findings indicate that there were 110 permanent exits during this reporting period and 68 per cent of them are doing so because they believe life is now better in their intended destination. Out of all permanent exits, 62 per cent are to different areas and homes in Wau. 

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring

South Sudan — Bentiu Displacement Site Flow Monitoring (July - September 2020)

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix conducted 5,563 interviews representing 18,044 individual movements in to and out of Bentiu Protection of Civilian (PoC) site from July to September 2020. Most of the same day movements were females (80%) moving out of the site to collect firewood. Meanwhile, most of the individuals traveling temporarily into and out of the site were doing so to visit friends/ family and their stay was for at least two to four weeks, with 52 per cent from Rubkona County. Among randomly conducted interviews at the gate, DTM noted 44 newly arriving individuals joining family members, 57 per cent of whom are male and intend to spend more than six months at the site. Further interview findings indicate that approximately 200 persons (74% female) have permanently exited from the site with the aim of finding better livelihood/work opportunities with most exits (88%) to their former homes in Rubkona and Guit Counties. Separately, 9 per cent of individuals leaving temporarily and 2 per cent of those leaving permanently were doing so due to fear of COVID-19 and congestion inside of the PoC site.

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring

South Sudan — Malakal Displacement Site Flow Monitoring (July - September 2020)

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix continues to conduct Displacement Site Flow Monitoring (DSFM) in Malakal Protection of Civilian (PoC) site. During this reporting period (July to September 2020), 4,053 interviews were conducted at the site’s gate representing 5,683 individual journeys. Day movements mainly consisted of females (58%) moving out of the site to carry out farming activities. As for temporary travelers, movements into and outside of the site is characterized by individuals who intend to visit friends/family and highest number of responses indicated that they intended to stay for at least one to seven days. As per below graph, 32 per cent of new arrivals reported that they wanted to join their families at the site. Further survey findings indicate that out of the permanent exits, 60 per cent are female including women and girls who have permanently exited from the site to their former homes in Panyikang and Fangak Counties. On a separate note, 7 per cent of the permanent exits have moved to Kosti and Jabal Aulia in Sudan. 

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring