Survey

Paraguay — Flujo de Migración Venezolana, Ronda 4 (Mayo - Junio 2021)

El número de personas venezolanas residiendo en el extranjero ha incrementado de 700 mil a más de 5.6 millones entre el 2015 y 2021. De estas, aproximadamente el 80 por ciento reside actualmente en la región de América Latina y el Caribe.

El flujo de personas refugiadas y migrantes de Venezuela hacia Paraguay ha tenido un crecimiento relativamente lento en comparación con los países vecinos. Sin embargo, a julio del 2021, según cifras oficiales de R4V, un total de 5300 personas venezolanas habían migrado y se habían establecido en Paraguay en contraste con un saldo migratorio de 1435 personas que se habían contabilizado a finales de octubre de 2019.

Teniendo en cuenta este incremento de llegada de personas venezolanas a Paraguay, en julio de 2019 se realizó la primer Matriz de Seguimiento de Desplazamiento (DTM por sus siglas en inglés), en octubre-noviembre de 2019 se consideró necesario realizar una segunda ronda y entre febrero-marzo 2021 se llevó a cabo una tercera ronda la cual buscó medir los efectos de la pandemia de COVID-19 en la población venezolana residente en Paraguay. De esta manera, este informe representa una continuación en el estudio del impacto de la pandemia en las personas migrantes y refugiadas venezolanas residiendo en Paraguay constituyendo la cuarta ronda de DTM realizada en el país entre mayo y junio del 2021.

Contact

iomasuncion@iom.int; dtmvzaresponse@iom.int

Methodology

Survey Flow Monitoring

Niger – Analyse D' Enquêtes Individuelles #2 (Avril — Juin 2021)

Ce document propose une analyse de 6 717 enquêtes individuelles menées entre Avril et Juin 2021 auprès de voyageurs transitant par les sept points de suivi de flux populations (FMP) : d'Arlit, de Séguédine et Madama, de Magaria, de Dan Barto, de Dan Issa et de Tahoua. Ces enquêtes font partie des activités de suivi des flux mises en œuvre par l'OIM via la matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM). L'objectif de ces activités est de collecter des informations sur le nombre et les profils des populations mobiles aux points de transit stratégiques situés dans les zones à forte mobilitées. Les enquêtes sont menées quotidiennement avec un échantillon de personnes choisies au hasard et observé aux points de transit. 

Contact

DTM Niger, DTMNiger@iom.int

Ethiopia — Household Level Intention Survey: Tigray Region (July 2021)

In July 2021, the International Organization for Migration (IOM)'s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), Camp Coordinaton and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster and Protection Cluster worked together to carry out household level intention surveys in Tigray region for the first time. In response to this changing mobility context, the purpose of the household level intention survey was to better understand the intention of IDPs in urban areas with high displacement concentrations, the barriers preventing their preferred durable solution and the support needed to pursue that durable solution. The household level intention survey was conducted in Abi Adi, Adigrat, Adwa, Axum, Mekelle, Sheraro and Shire, where representative sampling was deployed in each of these 7 urban areas. 

In terms of preferred durable solutions, 89% of respondents wanted to return to their places of origin, 10% wanted to locally integrate, less than 1% wanted to relocate/resettle and less than 1% was unsure or preferred not to answer the question. Of those who wanted to return, 95% stated that the availability of food was the main factor that needs to be ensured before starting return. This was followed by the need for safety and security as stated by 64% of respondents, the renovation or reconstruction of shelter by 40% of respondents and the avaibility of livelihoods options as mentioned by 29% of respondents. 53% of surveyed IDPs cited that they originated from Western zone while 28% of surveyed IDPs cited that they came from Northwestern zone. Meanwhile, an overwhelming majority of IDP households surveyed (99%) said that their main need is food. This was followed by shelter, as mentioned by 71% of IDP households and non-food items (NFIs) as mentioned by 63% of IDP households. 

In light of these intentions and needs, recommendations have also been made at the end of the report. This includes that IDPs should be given the option to return, resettle in suitable locations within Tigray, or remain in their areas of displacement until they voluntarily decide to return or resettle elsewhere. They should be free to choose whether to receive humanitarian assistance in their location of displacement, return or resettlement. 

Contact

DTM Ethiopia, SLOAddisAbabaDTM@iom.int

Tchad — Suivi Des Flux De Populations — Analyse D'enquêtes Individuelles (Avril — Juin 2021)

Afin de mieux comprendre les mouvements et tendances migratoires en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre, l’OIM, à travers la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix, DTM), met en œuvre l’activité de Suivi des flux de populations (Flow Monitoring, FM).

Le suivi des flux, mis en œuvre en étroite collaboration avec les autorités et des partenaires nationaux et locaux, est composé de deux outils: l’enregistrement des flux (Flow Monitoring Registry, FMR) et les enquêtes individuelles (Flow Monitoring Survey, FMS).

Il récolte des données clés sur les flux migratoires, les profils des voyageurs et les parcours et intentions des migrants, afin de fournir une meilleure compréhension des flux migratoires dans la région et contribuer à l’élaboration des poliltiques migratoires basées sur des évidences.

À cet effet, plusieurs points de suivi des flux de population (Flow Monitoring Point, FMP) sont installés dans des zones de transit importantes. Durant le deuxième trimestre de 2021, seul le FMP de Faya, situé dans la province du Borkou au nord Tchad, a été actif.

Ce rapport présente donc les données clés collectées entre avril et juin 2021 au niveau de FMP. Le rapport est subdivisé en deux sections:

-une section présentant les données obtenues lors de l’enregistrement des flux (FMR)
-une autre section présentant les résultats des enquêtes individuelles effectuées auprès des voyageurs (FMS).

Contact

DTM Chad, dtmtchad@iom.int

Bangladesh – District Snapshot - Tangail - Survey on Drivers of Migration (REMAP 2020)

The Survey on Drivers of Migration (SDM), which was published in July 2020, aims to better understand the drivers of migration in Bangladesh among regular and irregular potential migrants along different thematic areas and themes. The survey was conducted with 11,415 potential migrants that were interviewed in 64 districts. 

Following the country-level assessment, data was analyzed at district level in order to gauge potential geographical differences and provide greater nuance and detail to the focus themes i.e. demographics and socioeconomic profiles, migration costs etc.

This report will take a closer look at Tangail district, located in the Dhaka division, central Bangladesh. Tangail district is bordered by Jamalpur district in the north, by Dhaka and Manikhanj districts in the south, by Mymensingh and Gazipur districts in the east and by Sirajganj district in the west. With a population of 3,749,085, Tangail’s economy is predominately agricultural.

Contact

DTM REMAP Support Team, dtmremap@iom.int

Bangladesh – District Snapshot - Sylhet - Survey on Drivers of Migration (REMAP 2020)

The Survey on Drivers of Migration (SDM), which was published in July 2020, aims to better understand the drivers of migration in Bangladesh among regular and irregular potential migrants along different thematic areas and themes. The survey was conducted with 11,415 potential migrants that were interviewed in 64 districts. 

Following the country-level assessment, data was analyzed at district level in order to gauge potential geographical differences and provide greater nuance and detail to the focus themes i.e. demographics and socioeconomic profiles, migration costs etc.

This report will take a closer look at Sylhet district, located in the Sylhet division, northeastern Bangladesh. Sylhet district is bordered by India in the north, by Maulvibazar district in the south and by Sunamganj and Habiganj districts in the west. With a population of 3,957,000, Sylhet’s economy is predominately agricultural.

Contact

DTM REMAP Support Team, dtmremap@iom.int

Bangladesh – District Snapshot - Satkhira - Survey on Drivers of Migration (REMAP 2020)

The Survey on Drivers of Migration (SDM), which was published in July 2020, aims to better understand the drivers of migration in Bangladesh among regular and irregular potential migrants along different thematic areas and themes. The survey was conducted with 11,415 potential migrants that were interviewed in 64 districts. 

Following the country-level assessment, data was analyzed at district level in order to gauge potential geographical differences and provide greater nuance and detail to the focus themes i.e. demographics and socioeconomic profiles, migration costs etc.

This report will take a closer look at Satkhira district, located in the Khulna division, southwestern Bangladesh. Satkhira district is bordered by Jessore district in the north, by Khulna district in the east, by the Bay of Bengal in the south and by India in the west. With a population of 2,079,884, Satkhira’s economy is primarily agricultural and the district is rich in forest resources. Additionally, Satkhira district is one of the most disaster-prone areas of Bangladesh.

Contact

DTM REMAP Support Team, dtmremap@iom.int

Bangladesh – District Snapshot - Narsingdi - Survey on Drivers of Migration (REMAP 2020)

The Survey on Drivers of Migration (SDM), which was published in July 2020, aims to better understand the drivers of migration in Bangladesh among regular and irregular potential migrants along different thematic areas and themes. The survey was conducted with 11,415 potential migrants that were interviewed in 64 districts. 

Following the country-level assessment, data was analyzed at district level in order to gauge potential geographical differences and provide greater nuance and detail to the focus themes i.e. demographics and socioeconomic profiles, migration costs etc.

This report will take a closer look at Narsingdi district, located in the Dhaka division, central Bangladesh. Narsingdi district is bordered by Kishoreganj district in the north, by Kishoreganj and Brahmanbaria districts in the east, by Brahmanbaria and Naranyanganj districts in the south and by Gazipur district in the west. With a population of 2,224,944, Narsingdi district’s economy is both agriculture and non-agriculture based. Wholesale and retail trade are important activities in the district.

Contact

DTM REMAP Support Team, dtmremap@iom.int

Bangladesh – District Snapshot - Kurigram - Survey on Drivers of Migration (REMAP 2020)

The Survey on Drivers of Migration (SDM), which was published in July 2020, aims to better understand the drivers of migration in Bangladesh among regular and irregular potential migrants along different thematic areas and themes. The survey was conducted with 11,415 potential migrants that were interviewed in 64 districts. 

Following the country-level assessment, data was analyzed at district level in order to gauge potential geographical differences and provide greater nuance and detail to the focus themes i.e. demographics and socioeconomic profiles, migration costs etc.

This report will take a closer look at Kurigram district, located in the Rangpur Division, northern Bangladesh. Kurigram district is bordered by the Indian state of West Bengal in the north, by the Indian state of Assam in the east, by Jamalpur and Gaibandha districts in the south and by Lalmonirhat and Rangpur districts and by the Indian state of West Bengal in the west. With a population of 2,069,273, Kurigram’s economy is largely agriculture-based.

Contact

DTM REMAP Support Team, dtmremap@iom.int

Bangladesh – District Snapshot - Jashore - Survey on Drivers of Migration (REMAP 2020)

The Survey on Drivers of Migration (SDM), which was published in July 2020, aims to better understand the drivers of migration in Bangladesh among regular and irregular potential migrants along different thematic areas and themes. The survey was conducted with 11,415 potential migrants that were interviewed in 64 districts. 

Following the country-level assessment, data was analyzed at district level in order to gauge potential geographical differences and provide greater nuance and detail to the focus themes i.e. demographics and socioeconomic profiles, migration costs etc.

This report will take a closer look at Jashore district, located in the Khulna Division, southwestern Bangladesh. Jashore is bordered by Jhinaidah district in the north, by Narail and Magura districts in the east, by Khulna and Satkhira district in the south, and by India in the west. With a population of 2,764,547, Jashore district has a predominately agricultural-based economy.

Contact

DTM REMAP Support Team, dtmremap@iom.int