Survey

- Беларусь - ОПРОС О ПЕРЕМЕЩЕНИЯХ ГРАЖДАН УКРАИНЫ, ГРАЖДАН ТРЕТЬИХ СТРАНИ ДРУГИХ МИГРАНТОВ (1 сентября–30ноября2022года)

С февраля 2022 года число беженцев из Украины и граждан третьих стран, въехавших в Беларусь продолжало расти. По информации Государственного пограничного комитета Республики Беларуси по состоянию на 16 декабря 2022 года с 24 февраля 2022 года в Беларусь въехало 70,935 граждан Украины. Наибольшее количество из них въехало из Польши (43,801) и Украины (15,890), за которыми следуют въехавшие из Литвы (9,344) и Латвии (1,900).

Настоящий отчет основан на 805 интервью, проведенных МОМ в Беларуси в координации с Министерством внутренних дел Республики Беларусь и Белорусским Красным Крестом в период с 1 сентября по 30 ноября 2022 года группой из 28 интервьюеров, работавших во всех шести регионах Беларуси: в столице Минске (проведено 86 интервью), Минской области (85 интервью), а также в областях: Витебской (54 интервью), Могилевской (47 интервью), Гродненской (91 интервью), Брестской (313 интервью) и Гомельской (129 интервью). Это итоговый отчет второго раунда Матрицы учета перемещений в Беларуси в 2022 году.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Belarus — Displacement Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine, TCNs and other migrants, Round 2 (01 September – 30 November 2022)

Since February 2022, an increasing number of refugees from Ukraine and Third Country Nationals (TCNs) entered Belarus. As of 16th of December 2022, the Belarusian State Border Committee has reported 70,935 arrivals from Ukraine since 24 February 2022. The largest numbers entered from Poland (43,801) and from Ukraine (15,890), followed by those entered from Lithuania (9,344) and Latvia (1,900).

This report is based on 805 interviews conducted by IOM’s DTM Belarus in coordination with the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus and the Belarusian Red Cross between 01 September and 30 November 2022 by a team of 28 enumerators deployed in all six regions of Belarus: in Minsk (capital) (86 interviews conducted), Minsk (region (85 interviews), and in the regions of Vitebsk (54 interviews), Mogilev (47 interviews), Grodno (91 interviews), Brest(313 interviews), and Gomel (129 interviews). This is the final report of Round 2 of DTM in Belarus in 2022.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Türkiye — Migrant Presence Monitoring - Quarterly Migrant Presence Monitoring (October-December 2022)

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Presidency of Migration Management (PMM), there are more than 5.2* million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory, 3.9* million of whom are seeking international protection. Most are Syrians (3,535,898* individuals) who are granted temporary protection status. In addition, international protection applicants from
countries including Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq constitute another group of foreign nationals. According to PMM, there were 29,256* international protection applicants present in Türkiye in 20211, published annually. Moreover, according to UNHCR**, there were 318,903 refugees and asylum-seekers in Türkiye as of mid of 2022. Since September 2022 the number of Syrians residing in camps has decreased by 481.

Contact

DTM Turkey, dtmturkey@iom.int

Poland – Ukraine Response 2022 – Crossing to Ukraine - End of Year Fact Sheet (12 April – 31 December 2022)

A total of 8.19 million crossings from Ukraine to Poland were recorded at border crossing points (BCPs) since 24 February 2022 according to Polish Border Guard data from 13 December. IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) conducted surveys with Ukrainian nationals before they crossed back to Ukraine from three border crossing points in Poland. This report provides an overview of key trends based on the 8,664 surveys that were conducted between 12 April and 31 December 2022 to assess the profiles, needs and intentions of refugees from Ukraine crossing from Poland back into Ukraine. Individuals crossing into Ukraine are not necessarily returnees and conclusions on definitive trends cannot be drawn. The sample is not representative of all persons crossing into Ukraine, results should hence only be considered as indicative.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Knowledge Bite # 6 – Longitudinal Evidence on Sustainable Reintegration Outcomes

This sixth Knowledge Bite focuses on the analysis of the DTM REMAP’s Returnee Longitudinal Survey (RLS). The RLS was conducted in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iraq and Pakistan based on three rounds of data collection in each country. The analysis follows previous Knowledge Bites that relied on the Reintegration Sustainability Survey (RSS) and focuses on four reintegration scores of returnees: economic, social, psychosocial and a composite one. The RLS was collected from 2020 to 2022. As such, the dynamics reported in this Knowledge Bite should be interpreted in the context of the global COVID-19 pandemic, and in the case of Afghanistan, the political transition by the De Facto Authorities (DFA) and its economic impact on the country.

Contact

dtmremapsupport@iom.int

Republic of Moldova — Displacement Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine and TCNs Crossing to Ukraine - 2022 trends

Since 24 February 2022, Ukrainians and Third-Country Nationals (TCNs) have been fleeing from Ukraine to neighbouring
countries as a result of the war in Ukraine. According to the Moldovan General Inspectorate for Border Police, as of 20th
November, a total of 698,131 refugees from Ukraine and TCNs were registered at border crossing points (BCPs) while
entering from Ukraine into the Republic of Moldova. At the same time, movements of persons crossing back to Ukraine
have also been reported. According to the same source, 370,918 Ukrainian nationals and TCNs, who entered into the
Republic of Moldova, from all border control points since 24 February 2022, have exited back to Ukraine (Source: General
Inspectorate for Border Police).
Since April 2022, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has conducted surveys with adults (18 years and above)
crossing back to Ukraine, through CBS Axa Research. The crossing back survey is part of IOM’s DTM activities that are
meant to monitor the displacement patterns, movement flows and intentions, regions of origin, and most immediate needs
of refugees from Ukraine and TCNs who fled from Ukraine into neighbouring countries and other European countries since
24 February 2022 and are crossing back into Ukraine.
This report presents an analysis of the evolution of respondents’ sociodemographic profiles, travel characteristics, regions of
origin, humanitarian needs and intentions over time, during the covered period of 16 April and 18 November. During this
period, 6 173 individuals were interviewed, most of whom were Ukrainian citizens (95%) while three per cent were TCNs
and two per cent were Moldovan nationals. Data was collected at three main BCPs from the Republic of Moldova to
Ukraine: at Otaci BCP (45%), at Palanca BCP and Transit centre (50%), at Tudora BCP (4%). Individuals crossing into
Ukraine are not necessarily returnees and the sample is not representative of all persons crossing into Ukraine, results
should hence only be considered as indicative.

 

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Mauritanie — Rapport sur les suivi des mouvements transhumants 18 ( Novembre 2022)

La transhumance est une pratique de longue date en Mauritanie où elle a évolué au cours des dernières décennies telles que la raréfaction des ressources impliquant la redéfinition des routes empruntées par les troupeaux. Par conséquent, des conflits peuvent survenir lorsque les agriculteurs et les éleveurs transhumants. Dans le cadre du Suivi des Mouvements de Transhumance, l’OIM met en œuvre un système d’alerte qui a pour objectif de recenser les mouvements inattendus de bétail et les conflits ou catastrophes naturelles liés à l’utilisation des ressources naturelles et aux interactions entre agriculteurs et éleveurs, de comprendre les modes de résolution de conflits existants et d’informer les autorités compétentes, dans l’objectif de réduire les tensions dans les régions d’intervention. Ce tableau de bord présente les informations fournies par le biais de 21 informateurs clés, présents dans huit régions (Assaba, Brakna, Gorgol, Guidimakha, Hodh El Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Tagant et Trarza) pendant le mois de Novembre 2022.

Contact

DTM Mauritania, DTMMauritania@iom.int

Methdology

Survey Flow Monitoring

Mauritanie — Rapport sur les suivi des mouvements transhumants 18 ( Octobre 2022)

La transhumance est une pratique de longue date en Mauritanie où elle a évolué au cours des dernières décennies telles que la raréfaction des ressources impliquant la redéfinition des routes empruntées par les troupeaux. Par conséquent, des conflits peuvent survenir lorsque les agriculteurs et les éleveurs transhumants. Dans le cadre du Suivi des Mouvements de Transhumance, l’OIM met en œuvre un système d’alerte qui a pour objectif de recenser les mouvements inattendus de bétail et les conflits ou catastrophes naturelles liés à l’utilisation des ressources naturelles et aux interactions entre agriculteurs et éleveurs, de comprendre les modes de résolution de conflits existants et d’informer les autorités compétentes, dans l’objectif de réduire les tensions dans les régions d’intervention. Ce tableau de bord présente les informations fournies par le biais de 21 informateurs clés, présents dans huit régions (Assaba, Brakna, Gorgol, Guidimakha, Hodh El Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Tagant et Trarza) pendant le mois de Octobre 2022.

Contact

DTM Mauritania, DTMMauritania@iom.int

Czechia — Displacement Surveys with refugees from Ukraine and TCNs, Round #03 (03 October- 30 November 2022)

Starting on 24 February 2022, the war in Ukraine triggered an unprecedented humanitarian crisis and generated large scale displacement both within Ukraine and into the neighboring countries. As of the end of November, 428,535 refugees from Ukraine including TCNs, registered for temporary protection in Czechia according to national authorities.* This report is based on a survey on displacement patterns, needs and intentions launched by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in Czechia in mid-June 2022. It presents an analysis based on 1,384 interviews collected between 03 October and 30 November 2022 in 30 municipalities in 9 regions (kraj) in Czechia. All interviews were conducted face-to-face by IOM’s DTM trained enumerators

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Methdology

Survey Flow Monitoring

Hungary — Displacement Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine and TCNs, Round #06 (01 - 31 Dec 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, refugees from Ukraine and Third Country Nationals (TCNs) have been fleeing to neighbouring countries as a result of the war. 33,446 refugees from Ukraine and TCNs were registered in Hungary as of 10 January 2023, according to UNHCR and the Hungarian Government. This report is based on a survey on displacement patterns, needs and intentions, launched by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in Hungary. All interviews were conducted face-to-face by IOM’s DTM trained enumerators with adult refugees and TCNs fleeing Ukraine. The analysis is based on 653 surveys collected between 01 and 31 December 2022. Interviews were carried out in various locations, such as Budapest (146) and Záhony – Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County (507), and in various settings, including transit points (e.g., train and bus stations), the Help Center (run by the Budapest Municipality and IOM), the Info and Community Center (run by IOM and UNHCR), collective accommodations and a food and non-food items distribution event.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Methdology

Survey Flow Monitoring