Survey

Republic of Moldova — Displacement Surveys with Ukrainian Refugees and TCNs (09 March - 12 May 2022)

As the war in Ukraine has entered its fourth month, the civilian population is bearing the burden of ongoing hostilities. Since the onset of the war, refugees from Ukraine and Third Country Nationals (TCNs) not in need of international protection have been fleeing from Ukraine to the Republic of Moldova. From 24 February to 12 May 2022, the Moldovan authorities have reported a cumulative total of 459,608 arrivals from Ukraine into the Republic of Moldova, of whom 420,772 (91.6%) are Ukrainian refugees and 38,836 (8.4%) TCNs (Source: General Inspectorate for Border Police). 

This is the fourth fact sheet that summarizes the findings of the displacement survey conducted by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), in partnership with UN Women, to assess the humanitarian needs and intentions of refugees from Ukraine and TCNs fleeing into the Republic of Moldova from Ukraine. This report presents an analysis based on the 12,814 interviews conducted between 09 March and 12 May 2022, out of which 11,881 interviews took place in entry and exit border crossing points (BCPs): Otaci, Palanca and Tudora (entry from Ukraine), and Giurgiulesti, Leuseni (exit towards Romania), and in transit centres in Chisinau: Moldexpo, the Ukrainian Consulate and the main bus station. Additionally, 933 interviews were conducted in  reception centres and private accommodations. 

Contact

DTM Mediterranean, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Cameroun – Extrême-Nord — Indice de stabilité 3 (9—17 Février 2022)

Depuis 2014, la région de l’extrême nord du Cameroun est victime d’attaques de groupes armées non étatiques, qui s’ajoutent aux désastres naturelles et des conflits intercommunautaires qui ont crée des crises humanitaires marquées par de mouvements de populations. Des mouvements de retour et des déplacements de courte et longue durée ont continué à être signalés dans les différentes départements de la région. Une proportion importante de personnes déplacées internes, de retournées et refugiés hors camp vivent encore dans les localités dans des conditions de protection et d’assistance inadéquates, le reste de la population déplacée étant dispersée dans les zones rurales dans des familles d’accueils ou sur des sites spontanés de déplacement. Malgré l’amélioration des conditions de sécurité dans certaines localités a permis de faciliter le retour de certains ménages, des nombreux obstacles persistent les empêchant de trouver des solutions durables à leur déplacement.

Afin de trouver des solutions durables des populations mobiles - que ce soit par le retour dans les communautés d’origine, l’intégration locale ou la réinstallation - et de prévenir de nouveaux déplacements dans la région de l’ Extrême Nord, il est essentiel de comprendre les niveaux relatifs de stabilité dans les lieux accueillant des populations déplacées. Par conséquent, l’OIM, a lancé la collecte de données sur l’Indice de stabilité (IS) pour évaluer la stabilité de ces zones accueillant des populations déplacées. L’IS cherche à comprendre quels facteurs influencent la stabilité d’un lieu, ce qui peut éclairer les interventions programmatiques prioritaires le long du lien humanitaire, de paix et  de développement (HDP Nexus) afin de renforcer la résilience et la stabilité, fournir des solutions durables et prévenir de futurs déplacements forcés.

Mali — Flow Monitoring Report 76 (May 2022)

In order to gain a better understanding of mobility flows and trends, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has implemented the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s Flow Monitoring (FM) tool at key transit points across the region. Flow Monitoring activities are conducted in close cooperation with national and local authorities as well as local partners. The Flow Monitoring tool consists of two main components: the Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR), which captures key data on the volume, origin, destination and mode of travel of mobility flows, and the Flow Monitoring Survey (FMS), individual surveys conducted with travellers to gather detailed information about the profiles, migration experience and intentions of migrants. Through these activities, the Flow Monitoring tool collects data on migration flows and trends, traveller profiles, migration journeys, and intentions of migrants, so as to obtain a better understanding of mobility.

In Mali, DTM conducts Flow Monitoring activities at seven Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) located across six regions, in order to foster a better understanding of the numbers, trends, profiles, and journeys of migration flows crossing these points. 

This reports presents data collected through the Flow Monitoring Registry in May 2022. 

Contact

DTM Mali, DTMMali@iom.int

Chile — Monitoreo de Flujo de Población Venezolana 6 (Enero 2022)

El presente informe, correspondiente a la sexta ronda de la DTM, muestra los resultados obtenidos de la aplicación de una encuesta de carácter presencial en seis puntos de la zona norte de Chile, distribuidos específicamente en las regiones de Coquimbo, Antofagasta, Tarapacá y Arica y Parinacota. El reporte incluye información relativa a características sociodemográficas y socioeconómicas, además de elementos relacionados con la ruta migratoria, detalles del acceso a salud, episodios de discriminación y necesidades de protección social de un conjunto de 300 personas migrantes y refugiadas venezolanas en Chile.

Contact

iombuenosaires@iom.int

Romania — Ukraine Profiles and Inclusion Survey — (25 March - 23 May 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, refugees and third-country nationals (TCNs) continue to enter Romania as a result of the war in Ukraine. As of 23 May 2022, Romanian authorities have reported 1,010,955 arrivals from Ukraine (data via UNHCR and including in the context of those entering from Ukraine via the Republic of Moldova). This report is based on 4,014 interviews conducted by IOM Romania between 25 March and 23 May 2022 in Brașov, Bucharest, Constanța, Galați, Huși, Iași, Isaccea, Sighetu Marmației, Siret and Suceava.

Contact

DTMMediterrean@iom.int 

Methdology

Survey

Niger — Etude sur la migration interne autour des mines d'or dans la région d'Agadez (8—22 Décembre 2021)

Cette étude a cherché à comprendre plus précisément la nature des flux migratoires liés à l’extraction aurifère dans la région d’Agadez tout en prenant en compte les défis de protection posés pour les migrants, en particulier concernant leur accès aux soins de santé et leurs vulnérabilités face aux risques d’exploitation économique sur les sites d’or. La collecte de données s’est déroulée du 8 au 22 décembre 2021,

Contact

DTM Niger, NigerDataResearch@iom.int

Methdology

Other Survey

Republic of Moldova — Displacement Surveys — Ukrainian Refugees and TCNs crossing to Ukraine (16 April - 27 May 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, an increasing number of people fleeing from Ukraine to the neighbouring countries has been observed, as a result of the war in Ukraine. As of 7 June, 489,283 Ukrainian refugees and third country nationals (TCNs) were registered at border crossing points (BCPs) while entering from Ukraine into the Republic of Moldova. Additionally, 87,621 Ukrainian refugees and TCNs, who have entered into the Republic of Moldova after 24 February, have since exited back to Ukraine.

This report presents a summary of displacement survey findings commissioned by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in partnership with UN Women. Data were collected before crossing to Ukraine at three main border crossing points (BCPs) – Palanca and Tudora (Stefan Voda district in the South) and Otaci (Ocnita district in the North) between 16 April and 27 May. Individual crossings into Ukraine are not necessarily returnees and conclusions on definitive trends cannot yet be drawn. The sample is not representative of all persons crossing to Ukraine, and results should only be considered as indicative.

Contact

DTM Mediterranean, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Colombia — Encuesta De Vocación De Permanencia Medellín (7 octubre - 18 noviembre 2021 )

Según los últimos datos de Migración Colombia, a corte del 31 de agosto de 2021, al menos 264.148 refugiados y migrantes venezolanos residen en el departamento de Antioquia, lo que lo posiciona como el segundo departamento de Colombia con mayor número de migrantes. Con el fin de obtener datos actualizados y con mayor nivel de detalle requeridos para la elaboración de la política pública de la ciudad, en octubre de 2021, La Organización Internacional para las Migraciones(OIM) Colombia despliega la Matriz de Seguimiento de Desplazamiento (DTM) para personas refugiadas y migrantes con vocación de permanencia en Medellín, priorizando las comunas: Popular; Santa Cruz; Manrique; Aranjuez; Castilla; Doce de Octubre; Robledo; Villa Hermosa; Buenos Aires; La Candelaria; Laureles – Estadio; La América, San Javier; Belén y los corregimientos de San Cristóbal, Altavista, San Antonio de Prado y Santa Elena. Los resultados de esta actividad de recolección de información, se presentan en este informe compuesto por 10 apartados, que le permitirán a los distintos actores y sectores de respuesta tener una mayor comprensión del fenómeno migratorio presente en la ciudad.

Contact

DTM Colombia, dtmcolombia@iom.int

Poland – Ukraine Response 2022 – Needs Assessment (12 April – 04 May 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, over 3 million Ukrainian refugees and third country nationals have entered Poland as a result of the war in Ukraine. This report is based on a needs assessment survey launched by IOM's DTM in Poland. Surveys are conducted face-to-face by trained enumerators for DTM in collective sites, reception centres and transit points in Warsaw, Krakow, Przemysl and Rzeszow with Ukrainian refugees and Third Country Nationals (TCNs) who have left Ukraine after 24 February 2022. Out of the 889 persons reached by IOM’s enumerators, 207 did not give the consent to participate to the interview and 21 among those who consented did not entered Poland because of the war. The report then presents the main findings from the 661 completed interviews collected (74% of all persons reached by the enumerators).

Contact

iomwarsaw@iom.int

Methdology

Survey

Poland – Ukraine Response 2022 – Crossings to Ukraine Surveys (12 – 17 April 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, an increasing number of people fleeing from Ukraine to the neighbouring countries has been observed, as a result of the war in Ukraine. At the same time, the number of persons exiting Poland and going back to Ukraine has been sustained. 

Between 12 and 17 April, IOM conducted 153 surveys in 3 Border Crossing Points (Medyka-Szeginie, Hrebenne-Rawa Ruska and Korczowa-Krakowiec) with Ukrainian nationals going back to Ukraine.

Contact

iomwarsaw@iom.int

Methdology

Survey