Situation Report

Mexico-Emergency Tracking, Southern Border Monitoring #3 (August, 2020)

On 11 March 2020, due to the alarming levels of propaga-tion and severity of the COVID-19 virus, the World Health Organization declared a State of Pandemic. Due to this situation, on 23 March 2020 the General Health Council of the Ministry of Interior of the United Mexican States acknowledged the epidemic as a serious disease deserving priority attention throughout the country.

The moderate alert traffic light, represented by the colour Orange, predominated during the first half of August in most of Mexico, with the gradual opening of non-essential activities. The State of Tabasco moved into this category on 31 August, despite accumulating 28,715 cases and 2,594 deaths and remaining one of the States with the highest hospital occupancy rate. The Municipality of Centro, where the city of Villahermosa is located, is where most of the State's cases have occurred, with 13,575 accumulated cases and 1,091 deaths, while Tenosique reported 974 cases and 64 deaths.

The state of Chiapas remained in Orange status for most of August, moving to Yellow at the end of the month, leading to a greater reopening of economic activities. Chiapas accumulated 6,289 cases and 1,076 deaths as of 31 August, of which 944 cases and 234 deaths were in the Municipality of Tapachula.

The Mexican government presented a report on the records of positive cases and deaths among the migrant population through August. There have been 407 positive cases of migrants at the national level, mainly from Honduras, the United States, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Cuba, El Salvador, and Guatemala. There were 23 reported deaths of migrants from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Haiti, Canada, Chile, Cuba, Spain, and the United States. The States with the highest number of positive cases among migrants are the Federal District (Mexico City), Nuevo León, and Chihuahua. In the streets of downtonw Tapachula, a 25-year-old Haitian migrant who had shown symptoms of COVID-19 was reported to have been abandoned.

Contact

Laura Canché, lcanche@iom.int

Nigeria — North Central & North West Flash Report #25 (9 - 15 November 2020)

The crisis in Nigeria’s North Central and North West zones, which involves long-standing tensions between ethnic and linguistic groups; attacks by criminal groups; and banditry/hirabah (such as kidnapping and grand larceny along major highways) led to fresh wave of population displacement.
 
Latest attacks affected 539 individuals, including 26 injuries and 8 fatalities, in Chikun, Giwa LGAs of Kaduna State, Faskari, Sabuwa LGAs of Katsina State and Bungudu, Anka LGAs of Zamfara State between the 09 - 15 November, 2020. The attacks caused people to flee to neighboring localities.
 
A rapid assessment was conducted by field staff to assess the impact on people and immediate needs.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Yemen — Rapid Displacement Tracking Update (08 November - 14 November 2020)

DTM’s Rapid Displacement Tracking (RDT) tool collects and reports on numbers of households forced to flee on a daily basis, allowing for regular reporting of new displacements in terms of numbers, geography and needs. In the first eights months of 2020, conflict and natural disasters have resulted in new patterns of displacement, particularly in Marib, Al Hudaydah, Al Dhale'e, Taizz, and Al Jawf governorates.  

From 01 January 2020 to 14 November 2020, IOM Yemen DTM estimates that 26,915 Households (161,490 Individuals) have experienced displacement at least once.

                                                                                                        

Since the beginning of 2020, DTM also identified other 1,312 previously displaced households who left the displaced location and moved to either their place of origin or some other displaced location.

                                                                                                        

Between 08 November 2020 and 14 November 2020, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 273 Households (1,638 individuals) displaced at least once. The highest number of displacements were seen in:

                                                                                                        

  • Marib (162 HH) – Marib City (85 HH), Marib (63 HH), Sirwah (9 HH) districts. Most displacements in the governorate originated from Marib and Al Jawf.
  • Taizz (82 HH) – Salh (28 HH), Ash Shamayatayn (11 HH), Al Qahirah (9 HH) districts. Most displacements in the governorate originated from Taiz and Al Hudaydah.
  • Al Hudaydah      (13 HH) – Hays (11 HH), At Tuhayat (2 HH) districts. All displacements in the governorate were internal.

                                                                                                        

Most displacement resulted from increased conflict in the following governorates and districts.

  • Marib (160 HH) – Raghwan (128 HH), Medghal (20 HH), Mahliyah (9 HH) districts.
  • Taizz (52 HH) – Maqbanah (13 HH), Sabir Al Mawadim (12 HH), At Ta'iziyah (6 HH) districts.
  • Al Hudaydah (26 HH) – Hays (9 HH), Al Hali (3 HH), Zabid (2 HH) districts.

Contact

DTM Yemen, iomyemendtm@iom.int

Nigeria — COVID-19 Situational Analysis: North East #3 (September 2020)

This Round 3 of the COVID-19 Situation Analysis is based on the assessment of knowledge, practice and impact of the pandemic on internally displaced persons (IDPs) in conflict-affected communities of north-eastern Nigeria. Conducted by the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) unit of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the report covers the period 21 September to 10 October 2020 and reflects trends from north-eastern states of Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe.
 
The first assessment was conducted in May 2020 two months after the index case was reported in Nigeria. The second assessment was published in August 2020. In this Round 3, 116,018 respondents — or 5 per cent of all identified IDPs as per DTM Round 34 — were interviewed for a range of COVID-19 related indicators. Key informant interviews and focus group discussions were the primary methods used for the assessment and the findings were corroborated with physical on-ground observations.
 
The information collated and analyzed in this report includes COVID-19 awareness among IDPs, communication medium used to receive information, level of awareness (in camps and in host communities, respectively), exposure to communication on risks associated with COVID-19, mitigation measures taken (in camps and among host communities, respectively), health center’s preparedness in managing confirmed cases of COVID-19, effect of the pandemic on day-to-day activities (in camps and in host communities, respectively) and access to infection and prevention control facilities.
 
COVID-19 threatens to deepen the humanitarian crisis in north-eastern Nigeria which has been besieged with escalation of violence between Non-State Armed Groups (NSAGs) and the Government for nearly a decade, resulting in mass displacement and deprivation. To better understand the scope of displacement and assess the needs of affected populations, IOM has been implementing the DTM programme since September 2014, in collaboration with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and relevant State Emergency Management Agencies (SEMAs).
 
It is hoped that the findings of this assessment will help achieve the main objective of supporting the Government and humanitarian partners in providing better response to needs of displaced communities.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Tchad — Suivi des Urgences 84 (9 novembre 2020)

 

Le suivi des urgences a pour but de recueillir des informations sur les mouvements importants et soudains de populations. Les informations sont collectées à travers des entretiens avec des informateurs clés ou des observations directes. Ce tableau de bord présente des informations sur un mouvement de personnes survenu le 9 novembre 2020 dans la ville d’Ounianga Kébir, située dans la province de l’Ennedi-Ouest, près de la frontière libyenne.

Suite à leur déportation depuis la Libye, 54 personnes (dont 8 femmes, 2 filles et 2 garçons) de nationalité tchadienne sont arrivées dans la ville d’Ounianga Kébir (province de l’Ennedi-Ouest) le 9 novembre 2020. À leur arrivée, ces personnes ont été placées en quarantaine, conformément aux mesures prises par les autorités tchadiennes afin de prévenir et de contenir la propagation du COVID-19. Les 49 personnes qui étaient arrivées le 17 octobre 2020 (voir le rapport ETT #80) sont rentrées chez elles à la fin de leur période de quarantaine. Ces mouvements de déportation de la Libye vers Ounianga Kébir sont observés depuis la mi-avril 2020, les personnes déportées étant souvent dans une situation de grande vulnérabilité à leur arrivée. Le rapport sur les profils des personnes déportées indique que la majorité ont été déportées depuis le nord-est de la Libye. 

Contact

DTM Tchad, dtmtchad@iom.int

Chad — Emergency Tracking Tool Report 84 (9 November 2020)

The objective of the Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) is to collect information on large and sudden population movements. Information is collected through key informant interviews or direct observation. This dashboard presents information on a movement which took place on 9 November 2020 in the town of Ounianga Kébir, located in Ennedi-Ouest Province, near the Libyan border. 

Following their deportation from Libya, 54 individuals (including 8 women, 2 girls and 2 boys) of Chadian nationality arrived in the town of Ounianga Kébir (Ennedi-Ouest province) on 9 November 2020. Upon arrival, these individuals were placed in quarantine, in accordance with the measures taken by the Chadian authorities to prevent and contain the spread of COVID-19. The 49 individuals who had arrived on 17 October 2020 (see ETT report #80) have returned home upon completion of their quarantine period. Deportation movements from Libya to Ounianga Kébir have been observed since mid-April 2020. Individuals deported from Libya often arrive in Chad in a highly vulnerable state. As reported in the Deportee Profile Report, they were mainly expulsed from North-Eastern Libya.

Contact

DTM Chad, dtmtchad@iom.int

Turkey — Migrant Presence Monitoring - Situation Report (October 2020)

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM), there are more than 4.5* million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory, 3.6* million of whom are seeking international protection.

Most of those seeking international protection are Syrians (3,627,991* individuals) who are granted the temporary protection status in Turkey. In addition, international protection applicants are most frequently nationals of Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq constitute another group of foreign nationals. According to DGMM, as of end of 2019, there were 56,417* international protection applicants1 present in Turkey. In addition, there are 895,396* foreign nationals under residence permit holder status; this number includes humanitarian residence holders.

 

Contact

DTM Turkey, dtmturkey@iom.int

Emergency Event Tracking Report Misterei, West Darfur 004

DTM teams activated Emergency Event Tracking (EET) to monitor the displacement of individuals affected by the ongoing violent clashes between Arab and Masalit tribes in Beida and Ag Geneina localities, West Darfur, since 18-20 July 2020. The fourth update revisits Beida locality and estimates a total number of 2,028 individuals (373 households) still displaced across Misterei town. All IDPs are continuing to shelter in schools or other public buildings, and the distribution of emergency shelters is urgently required. Field teams indicate approximately 21 deaths have occurred and 26 individuals have been injured. All 373 households report their household goods and/or livestock to be lost. At least 167 individuals (8%) report additional vulnerabilities in need of assistance and support

Contact

DTM Sudan; dtmsudan@iom.int