Village Assessment

Ethiopia — National Displacement Report 12 (March— April 2022)

In order to capture the displacement and return dynamics in Ethiopia, DTM Ethiopia's National Displacement Report combines findings from its Site Assessment (SA) in Section 1 and findings from the Village Assessment Survey (VAS) in Section 2. The Site Assessment tracks the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs), while the Village Assessment Survey tracks the number of IDPs who are returning or have returned to their communities. 

As of April 2022, a total of 2.75 million IDPs have been identified in 2,158 accessible sites across 11 regions in Ethiopia. As a note, due to operational constraints, figures from Tigray region were not included in the total. Of the displaced population, the main causes of displacement were conflict which displaced 1.78 million IDPs (65%), drought which displaced 581,952 IDPs (21%), social tension which displaced 150,576 IDPs (5%), flash floods which displaced 107,816 IDPs (4%) and seasonal floods which displaced 94,118 IDPs (3%).

Through Village Assessment Survey round 12 (March-April 2022), a total of 1.66 million returning IDPs were identified in 1,403 villages across 9 regions (data collection was not undertaken in Tigray region due to a lack of fuel and cash). 1.6 million returning IDPs (97%) were initially displaced due to conflict, 22,107 returning IDPs (1%) were initially displaced due to seasonal floods, 17,178 returning IDPs due to flash floods (1%), 3,439 returning IDPs due to landslides (<1%) and 737 returning IDPs due to fire (<1%).

Contact

DTM Ethiopia, SLOAddisAbabaDTM@iom.int

Tchad — Cartographie des mobilités sur le territoire tchadien (Juin 2022)

Ce rapport est composé d’un ensemble de cartes présentant les différents phénomènes et tendances migratoires au Tchad. Il décrit les différents mouvements de populations recensés depuis, vers et au sein du territoire tchadien et dresse le profil des populations en mouvement. Parmi les types de mobilités traitées dans ce document figurent les mouvements socioéconomiques; les mouvements de Tchadiens vers l’étranger et de ressortissants étrangers au Tchad; les transhumances ; les déplacements forcés et les retours facilités par l’OIM. Souvent, ces différentes mobilités se croisent et s’imbriquent. Ce rapport tente de mettre en lumière ce lien et de mieux saisir les dynamiques y afférentes. Ce rapport est le résultat d’une compilation de diverses bases de données, de rapports provenant de différentes sources d’information et de témoignages recueillis directement auprès des populations mobiles ou d’informateurs clés. Les sources sont indiquées dans chacune des pages. S’il ne peut pas être considéré comme complet ou représentatif, le rapport offre une image générale de la situation migratoire au Tchad.

Niger — Evaluation des villages 4 (11 Avril — 3 Mai 2022)

Depuis 2018, les régions de Diffa, Maradi, Tahoua et Tillabéri du Niger sont témoin de mouvements importants de personnes déplacées en lien avec les multiples crises sécuritaires touchant les pays. l’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations (OIM) au Niger, à travers sa Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix DTM) a conduit des évaluations, avec la participation des autorités (Ministère de l’Action Humanitaire et de la Gestion des Catastrophes, et Direction Régionale de l’Etat Civil des Migrations et des Refugiés) dans tous les villages des régions affectées hébergeant des populations déplacées pour collecter des informations sur l’ampleur, l’évolution, les tendances des déplacements internes, l'accès aux services de base et les besoins humanitaires des populations affectées, permettant ainsi au gouvernement du Niger et aux partenaires humanitaires de mener une réponse mieux ciblée et adaptée. Les évaluations DTM sont menées à travers des questionnaires à destination d’informateurs clés ayant une connaissance approfondie de la situation des Personnes déplacées. Le présent tableau de bord offre un résumé succinct des résultats clés de la quatrième ronde d’évaluations DTM menée du 11 Avril au 03 Mai 2022.

Ethiopia — National Displacement Report 11 (December 2021 — February 2022)

In order to capture the displacement and return dynamics in Ethiopia, DTM Ethiopia's National Displacement Report combines findings from its Site Assessment (SA) in Section 1 and findings from the Village Assessment Survey (VAS) in Section 2. The Site Assessment tracks the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs), while the Village Assessment Survey tracks the number of IDPs who are returning or have returned to their communities. 

As of February 2022, a total of 4.51 million IDPs have been identified thus far across the country. Of the total displaced population, the main causes of displacement were conflict which displaced 3.63 million IDPs (81%), drought which displaced 420,887 IDPs (9%), social tension which displaced 171,727 IDPs (4%), seasonal floods which displaced 122,901 IDPs (3%) and flash floods which displaced 119,807 IDPs (3%).

Through Site Assessment round 28 (Dec 2021-Jan 2022), 2.06 million IDPs were identified in 1,440 IDP sites across 9 regions in Ethiopia. Notably, there was a +37% increase in the number of drought IDPs this round due to the intensifying drought, especially in Afder, Dawa, Dollo and Liban zones in Somali region and West Guji zone in Oromia region. Through Emergency Site Assessment round 9 (Jan-Feb 2022), 175,264 IDPs were identified across 83 IDP sites in Afar region and 462,529 IDPs were identified across 560 IDP sites in Amhara region respectively. However, Zone 2 in Afar region was largely inaccessible due to active conflict and insecurity, and thus affected the total number of IDPs that could be identified. The IDP figures in both regions have decreased significantly following the withdrawal of armed conflict in eastern Amhara (mainly North Wello, South Wello and North Shewa zones) and parts of western Afar (Zone 4 and Zone 1). Through Emergency Site Assessment round 8 (Aug 2021), 1.8 million IDPs were identified in 581 IDP sites in Tigray region. However, please note that this information requires updating as a new round could not be conducted for the past 6 months due to a lack of fuel and cash. It is anticipated that the number of IDPs in Tigray should have dropped very significantly due to returns since August 2021.

Through Village Assessment Survey round 11 (Dec 2021-Feb 2022), a total of 2.85 million returning IDPs were identified in 2,378 villages across 11 regions (except Tigray region due to a lack of fuel and cash). 2.7 million returning IDPs (94%) were initially displaced due to conflict, 54,129 returning IDPs (2%) were initially displaced due to seasonal floods and 51,540 returning IDPs due to drought (2%). Significantly, this round’s returning IDP number has increased substantially due to the mass return of 1.5 million returning IDPs, mainly concentrated in the east of Amhara region (North Shewa, North Wello and South Wello zones), following the withdrawal of armed conflict.

Contact

DTM Ethiopia, SLOAddisAbabaDTM@iom.int

Ethiopia — National Displacement Report 11 (December 2021 — February 2022)

In order to capture the displacement and return dynamics in Ethiopia, DTM Ethiopia's National Displacement Report combines findings from its Site Assessment (SA) in Section 1 and findings from the Village Assessment Survey (VAS) in Section 2. The Site Assessment tracks the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs), while the Village Assessment Survey tracks the number of IDPs who are returning or have returned to their communities. 

As of February 2022, a total of 4.51 million IDPs have been identified thus far across the country. Of the total displaced population, the main causes of displacement were conflict which displaced 3.63 million IDPs (81%), drought which displaced 420,887 IDPs (9%), social tension which displaced 171,727 IDPs (4%), seasonal floods which displaced 122,901 IDPs (3%) and flash floods which displaced 119,807 IDPs (3%).

Through Site Assessment round 28 (Dec 2021-Jan 2022), 2.06 million IDPs were identified in 1,440 IDP sites across 9 regions in Ethiopia. Notably, there was a +37% increase in the number of drought IDPs this round due to the intensifying drought, especially in Afder, Dawa, Dollo and Liban zones in Somali region and West Guji zone in Oromia region. Through Emergency Site Assessment round 9 (Jan-Feb 2022), 175,264 IDPs were identified across 83 IDP sites in Afar region and 462,529 IDPs were identified across 560 IDP sites in Amhara region respectively. However, Zone 2 in Afar region was largely inaccessible due to active conflict and insecurity, and thus affected the total number of IDPs that could be identified. The IDP figures in both regions have decreased significantly following the withdrawal of armed conflict in eastern Amhara (mainly North Wello, South Wello and North Shewa zones) and parts of western Afar (Zone 4 and Zone 1). Through Emergency Site Assessment round 8 (Aug 2021), 1.8 million IDPs were identified in 581 IDP sites in Tigray region. However, please note that this information requires updating as a new round could not be conducted for the past 6 months due to a lack of fuel and cash. It is anticipated that the number of IDPs in Tigray should have dropped very significantly due to returns since August 2021.

Through Village Assessment Survey round 11 (Dec 2021-Feb 2022), a total of 2.85 million returning IDPs were identified in 2,378 villages across 11 regions (except Tigray region due to a lack of fuel and cash). 2.7 million returning IDPs (94%) were initially displaced due to conflict, 54,129 returning IDPs (2%) were initially displaced due to seasonal floods and 51,540 returning IDPs due to drought (2%). Significantly, this round’s returning IDP number has increased substantially due to the mass return of 1.5 million returning IDPs, mainly concentrated in the east of Amhara region (North Shewa, North Wello and South Wello zones), following the withdrawal of armed conflict.

Contact

DTM Ethiopia, SLOAddisAbabaDTM@iom.int

West and Central Africa — A Region on the Move: Mobility Trends in West and Central Africa (January — December 2021)

Migration is an integral part of life in West and Central Africa, a long tradition embedded in its historical, economic, social and cultural fabric. The region is a pivotal area of mobility, home to strong intraregional migration and, thanks to its strategic location at the crossroads, close exchanges with other regions.

The second edition of the “A Region on the Move” report provides an overview of population movement trends in West and Central Africa in 2021. It aims to provide a comprehensive overview of mobility in the region and showcase the versatility, multidimensionality and nuances of regional mobility in West and Central Africa.

To that end, the report presents regional mobility using two broad strokes:

  • Internal forced displacement: the report provides a detailed analysis of regional displacement numbers, trends and events in 2021, focussing on the five primary security crises affecting West and Central Africa (the Lake Chad Basin Crisis, the Central Sahel Crisis, the Central African Republic Crisis, Nigeria’s North West & North Central Crisis and Cameroons’ Anglophone Crisis)       
  • Migration flows: the report provides a study of regional migration flows in West and Central Africa. This section makes a distinction between intraregional (internal to West and Central Africa) and inter-regional (with a focus on movements between West and Central Africa and North Africa and Europe) mobility: in each of these sections, the report examines the primary mobility trends and events observed in 2021 as well as the profiles of mobile populations.

The 2021 edition of the report also explores the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on mobility (including forced displacement and migration flows) and examines the health, socioeconomic, protection and  impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on mobile populations.

The analysis builds on multiple data sources, most of them directly managed and collected by IOM, with external sources used to further complement the mobility picture and provide a holistic understanding of population movement dynamics in West and Central Africa. IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), which monitors internal forced displacements, migration flows, and characteristics of populations on the move constitutes the main data source for the report.

Mauritanie - Suivi des situations d'urgences - Rapport 1 (07 au 10 mars 2022)

Le suivi des situations d’urgence (en anglais, Emergency Tracking Tool, ETT) est une des composantes de la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM) déployée par l’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations (OIM). Il a pour objectif de recueillir des informations relatives aux déplacements causés par une crise ou des évènements soudains. Il offre une évaluation préliminaire d’une situation et permet de rapidement mettre en œuvre des mécanismes de réponse.

Le 05 mars 2022, suite à des attaques perpétrées par des individus armés dans la localité d’Attaye qui se trouve dans la commune de Dogofri (cerle de Niono, dans la région de Ségou au Mali), 857 familles d’éleveurs mauritaniens (4 426 individus) ont fui la commune et sont retournées, de manière préventive et par crainte d'attaques subséquentes, vers les villages de Likhleyil, Rkhoukha, Echleiba, Kervi, Teydouma et Seredouba en Mauritanie.

Les informations ont été collectées auprès d’informateurs clés (représentants de retournés, comités villageois) au moyen d’un questionnaire structuré axé sur les déplacements et les besoins humanitaires multisectoriels.

Ethiopia — Mobility Overview 2021

The Mobility Overview 2021 report details significant movements within the country and a national overview of displacement and returns, which mainly draws from DTM’s Site Assessment, Emergency Site Assessment, Village Assessment Survey and an extensive national network of key informants.   

As of September 2021, displacement was estimated at 4.23 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) throughout Ethiopia. With the outbreak of the Northern Ethiopia Crisis, the Emergency Site Assessment round 8 estimated that there were 2.11 million IDPs displaced due to the Northern Ethiopia Crisis in August 2021 – 1.8 million IDPs displaced in Tigray, 151,040 IDPs in Amhara and 149,329 IDPs in Afar regions. In the second half of 2021, armed conflict moved further down south which resulted in an increase in the number of IDPs in Amhara and Afar regions which is estimated by key informants to have reached around 1.4 million IDPs and 470,000 IDPs respectively at the peak of displacement in early December 2021. Nevertheless, by the end of December 2021, mass returns were taking place in Amhara region. Displacement in the rest of Ethiopia is estimated at 2.12 million IDPs, according to Site Assessment round 27 which took place in August and September 2021. The primary cause of displacement was conflict in 1,160 sites (74%), and the primary reason IDPs were unable to return was that their houses were either damaged or destroyed (1,138 sites, 72%). In addition to conflict, climate induced displacement (droughts, flash floods and seasonal floods) were the primary cause of displacement in 353 sites (22%).

Regarding returns, DTM identified 1.5 million returning IDPs as of Village Assessment Survey round 10 in August and September 2021. A large number of returning IDPs were concentrated in Dawa zone, Somali region and were first identified through round 9 of the Village Assessment Survey when they began to return following the dry season to reconstruct homes that were damaged and in West Guji zone, Oromia region, following the Gedeo-West Guji Crisis in 2018. It is estimated that there have been significant returns in Tigray region as well but this could not be verified in person due to resource constraints and other operational challenges.      

Contact

DTM Ethiopia, SLOAddisAbabaDTM@iom.int

RDC – Nord Kivu: Évaluation dans les zones de retour: Round 1 (Janvier 2022)

Entre le 15 et le 31 août 2021, l'Organisation internationale pour les migrations (OIM), par le biais de l'unité DTM (Matrice de suivi des déplacements), a mené des enquêtes d'évaluation dans les zones de retour dans la province du Nord-Kivu, en République démocratique du Congo (RDC). En ligne avec les directives du Comité permanent inter-agences (IASC) sur les solutions durables pour les personnes déplacées, cette évaluation a pour but de mesurer la sévérité des conditions de vie des personnes déplacées dans les lieux de retour ainsi que les progrès effectués en termes de dépassement des vulnérabilités. Les résultats de cet exercice serviont à informer les partneraires pertinents gouvernementaux ainsi que la communauté humanitaire sur les besoins spécifiques pour l'amélioration des condition de vie, la reconstruction et les défis de consolidation de la paix (i.e. les solutions durables) dans les communautés de retour pour permettre une programmation de réponses plus informées et appropriées en conformité avec le Cadre de l'OIM pour la résolution progressive des situations de déplacement (2018).

Contact

IOM DRC DTM iomdrcdtm@iom.int

South Sudan — Sex and Age Disaggregated Data (SADD) highlighting potential risks to populations affected by displacement (December 2020)

DTM standards advocate for the inclusion of Sex and Age Disaggregated Data (SADD) to support production of data and analysis specific to women, girls, boys, and men. DTM standards outline the best practices for selecting key informants to increase participation of women and girls. This dashboard aims at raising awareness of the potential risks, including barriers to accessing various services, that women, girls, and other vulnerable persons may face while being displaced.