Village Assessment

Mauritanie - Suivi des situations d'urgences - Rapport 3 (26 au 27 octobre 2022)

Le suivi des situations d’urgence (en anglais, Emergency Tracking Tool, ETT) est une des composantes de la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM) déployée par l’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations (OIM). Il a pour objectif de recueillir des informations relatives aux déplacements causés par une crise ou des évènements soudains. Il offre une évaluation préliminaire d’une situation et permet de rapidement mettre en œuvre des mécanismes de réponse. Les informations ont été collectées auprès d’informateurs clés (représentants de retournés, comités villageois, autorités locales ) au moyen d’un questionnaire structuré axé sur les déplacements et les besoins humanitaires multisectoriels.

Ce tableau de bord présente les résultat l’évaluation de la situation des retournés Mauritaniens, conduite en fin octobre 2022.

Le suivi des situations d’urgence (en anglais, Emergency Tracking Tool, ETT) est une des composantes de la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM) déployée par l’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations (OIM). Il a pour objectif de recueillir des informations relatives aux déplacements causés par une crise ou des évènements soudains. Il offre une évaluation préliminaire d’une situation et permet de rapidement mettre en œuvre des mécanismes de réponse. Les informations ont été collectées auprès d’informateurs clés (représentants de retournés, comités villageois, autorités locales ) au moyen d’un questionnaire structuré axé sur les déplacements et les besoins humanitaires multisectoriels.

Ce tableau de bord présente les résultats  de l’évaluation de la situation des retournés Mauritaniens, conduite en fin octobre 2022.

Chad — Mobility Mapping in Chad (June 2022)

This report is composed of a set of maps presenting the different migration phenomena and trends in Chad. It describes the various population movements recorded from, to and within Chadian territory and profiles the populations on the move.

The types of mobility covered in this paper include socioeconomic movements; movements of Chadians abroad and of foreign nationals in Chad; transhumance; forced displacement and IOM-facilitated returns. Often, these different mobilities intersect and intertwine. This report attempts to highlight this link and to better understand the related dynamics.

This report is the result of a compilation of various databases, reports from different information sources and testimonies collected directly from mobile populations or key informants. The sources are indicated on each page.

While it can’t be considered complete or representative, the report provides a general picture of the migration situation in Chad.

Tchad — Evaluation des quartiers affectés par les inondations à N'djamena (Septembre 2022)

Les données présentées dans ce rapport ont été collectées du 30 août au 01 septembre 2022 dans 42 quartiers affectés par les inondations dans la ville de N’djamenaL’objectif est de fournir un aperçu plus ou moins complet de l’impact des inondations dans les quartiers les plus touchés de la ville de N’djamena, en procurant plus de détails sur les populations affectées, leurs profils, besoins et vulnérabilités. 42 quartiers ont été évalués et 259 ménages affectés par les inondations ont été enquêtés.

Les évaluations ont ressorti que 9 103 ménages (44 829 personnes) ont été affectés par les inondations, dont 3 825 ménages de 15 792 personnes qui se sont déplacés dans des familles d'accueil et des centres collectifs, notamment dans les écoles. 

Les 1er, 7ème et 10ème arrondissement ont été les plus affectés. Au niveau des quartiers, les plus affectés ont été Harrandji 1 (situé dans le 7ème arrondissement), Ngonba (9ème arrondissement), Guinebor 1 et Ardep Timane (1er arrondissement) et Ndjari Kawas dans le 8ème arrondissement. 

Ethiopia — National Displacement Report 12 (March— April 2022)

In order to capture the displacement and return dynamics in Ethiopia, DTM Ethiopia's National Displacement Report combines findings from its Site Assessment (SA) in Section 1 and findings from the Village Assessment Survey (VAS) in Section 2. The Site Assessment tracks the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs), while the Village Assessment Survey tracks the number of IDPs who are returning or have returned to their communities. 

As of April 2022, a total of 2.75 million IDPs have been identified in 2,158 accessible sites across 11 regions in Ethiopia. As a note, due to operational constraints, figures from Tigray region were not included in the total. Of the displaced population, the main causes of displacement were conflict which displaced 1.78 million IDPs (65%), drought which displaced 581,952 IDPs (21%), social tension which displaced 150,576 IDPs (5%), flash floods which displaced 107,816 IDPs (4%) and seasonal floods which displaced 94,118 IDPs (3%).

Through Village Assessment Survey round 12 (March-April 2022), a total of 1.66 million returning IDPs were identified in 1,403 villages across 9 regions (data collection was not undertaken in Tigray region due to a lack of fuel and cash). 1.6 million returning IDPs (97%) were initially displaced due to conflict, 22,107 returning IDPs (1%) were initially displaced due to seasonal floods, 17,178 returning IDPs due to flash floods (1%), 3,439 returning IDPs due to landslides (<1%) and 737 returning IDPs due to fire (<1%).

Contact

DTM Ethiopia, SLOAddisAbabaDTM@iom.int

Tchad — Cartographie des mobilités sur le territoire tchadien (Juin 2022)

Ce rapport est composé d’un ensemble de cartes présentant les différents phénomènes et tendances migratoires au Tchad. Il décrit les différents mouvements de populations recensés depuis, vers et au sein du territoire tchadien et dresse le profil des populations en mouvement. Parmi les types de mobilités traitées dans ce document figurent les mouvements socioéconomiques; les mouvements de Tchadiens vers l’étranger et de ressortissants étrangers au Tchad; les transhumances ; les déplacements forcés et les retours facilités par l’OIM. Souvent, ces différentes mobilités se croisent et s’imbriquent. Ce rapport tente de mettre en lumière ce lien et de mieux saisir les dynamiques y afférentes. Ce rapport est le résultat d’une compilation de diverses bases de données, de rapports provenant de différentes sources d’information et de témoignages recueillis directement auprès des populations mobiles ou d’informateurs clés. Les sources sont indiquées dans chacune des pages. S’il ne peut pas être considéré comme complet ou représentatif, le rapport offre une image générale de la situation migratoire au Tchad.

Niger — Evaluation des villages 4 (11 Avril — 3 Mai 2022)

Depuis 2018, les régions de Diffa, Maradi, Tahoua et Tillabéri du Niger sont témoin de mouvements importants de personnes déplacées en lien avec les multiples crises sécuritaires touchant les pays. l’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations (OIM) au Niger, à travers sa Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix DTM) a conduit des évaluations, avec la participation des autorités (Ministère de l’Action Humanitaire et de la Gestion des Catastrophes, et Direction Régionale de l’Etat Civil des Migrations et des Refugiés) dans tous les villages des régions affectées hébergeant des populations déplacées pour collecter des informations sur l’ampleur, l’évolution, les tendances des déplacements internes, l'accès aux services de base et les besoins humanitaires des populations affectées, permettant ainsi au gouvernement du Niger et aux partenaires humanitaires de mener une réponse mieux ciblée et adaptée. Les évaluations DTM sont menées à travers des questionnaires à destination d’informateurs clés ayant une connaissance approfondie de la situation des Personnes déplacées. Le présent tableau de bord offre un résumé succinct des résultats clés de la quatrième ronde d’évaluations DTM menée du 11 Avril au 03 Mai 2022.

Ethiopia — National Displacement Report 11 (December 2021 — February 2022)

In order to capture the displacement and return dynamics in Ethiopia, DTM Ethiopia's National Displacement Report combines findings from its Site Assessment (SA) in Section 1 and findings from the Village Assessment Survey (VAS) in Section 2. The Site Assessment tracks the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs), while the Village Assessment Survey tracks the number of IDPs who are returning or have returned to their communities. 

As of February 2022, a total of 4.51 million IDPs have been identified thus far across the country. Of the total displaced population, the main causes of displacement were conflict which displaced 3.63 million IDPs (81%), drought which displaced 420,887 IDPs (9%), social tension which displaced 171,727 IDPs (4%), seasonal floods which displaced 122,901 IDPs (3%) and flash floods which displaced 119,807 IDPs (3%).

Through Site Assessment round 28 (Dec 2021-Jan 2022), 2.06 million IDPs were identified in 1,440 IDP sites across 9 regions in Ethiopia. Notably, there was a +37% increase in the number of drought IDPs this round due to the intensifying drought, especially in Afder, Dawa, Dollo and Liban zones in Somali region and West Guji zone in Oromia region. Through Emergency Site Assessment round 9 (Jan-Feb 2022), 175,264 IDPs were identified across 83 IDP sites in Afar region and 462,529 IDPs were identified across 560 IDP sites in Amhara region respectively. However, Zone 2 in Afar region was largely inaccessible due to active conflict and insecurity, and thus affected the total number of IDPs that could be identified. The IDP figures in both regions have decreased significantly following the withdrawal of armed conflict in eastern Amhara (mainly North Wello, South Wello and North Shewa zones) and parts of western Afar (Zone 4 and Zone 1). Through Emergency Site Assessment round 8 (Aug 2021), 1.8 million IDPs were identified in 581 IDP sites in Tigray region. However, please note that this information requires updating as a new round could not be conducted for the past 6 months due to a lack of fuel and cash. It is anticipated that the number of IDPs in Tigray should have dropped very significantly due to returns since August 2021.

Through Village Assessment Survey round 11 (Dec 2021-Feb 2022), a total of 2.85 million returning IDPs were identified in 2,378 villages across 11 regions (except Tigray region due to a lack of fuel and cash). 2.7 million returning IDPs (94%) were initially displaced due to conflict, 54,129 returning IDPs (2%) were initially displaced due to seasonal floods and 51,540 returning IDPs due to drought (2%). Significantly, this round’s returning IDP number has increased substantially due to the mass return of 1.5 million returning IDPs, mainly concentrated in the east of Amhara region (North Shewa, North Wello and South Wello zones), following the withdrawal of armed conflict.

Contact

DTM Ethiopia, SLOAddisAbabaDTM@iom.int

Ethiopia — National Displacement Report 11 (December 2021 — February 2022)

In order to capture the displacement and return dynamics in Ethiopia, DTM Ethiopia's National Displacement Report combines findings from its Site Assessment (SA) in Section 1 and findings from the Village Assessment Survey (VAS) in Section 2. The Site Assessment tracks the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs), while the Village Assessment Survey tracks the number of IDPs who are returning or have returned to their communities. 

As of February 2022, a total of 4.51 million IDPs have been identified thus far across the country. Of the total displaced population, the main causes of displacement were conflict which displaced 3.63 million IDPs (81%), drought which displaced 420,887 IDPs (9%), social tension which displaced 171,727 IDPs (4%), seasonal floods which displaced 122,901 IDPs (3%) and flash floods which displaced 119,807 IDPs (3%).

Through Site Assessment round 28 (Dec 2021-Jan 2022), 2.06 million IDPs were identified in 1,440 IDP sites across 9 regions in Ethiopia. Notably, there was a +37% increase in the number of drought IDPs this round due to the intensifying drought, especially in Afder, Dawa, Dollo and Liban zones in Somali region and West Guji zone in Oromia region. Through Emergency Site Assessment round 9 (Jan-Feb 2022), 175,264 IDPs were identified across 83 IDP sites in Afar region and 462,529 IDPs were identified across 560 IDP sites in Amhara region respectively. However, Zone 2 in Afar region was largely inaccessible due to active conflict and insecurity, and thus affected the total number of IDPs that could be identified. The IDP figures in both regions have decreased significantly following the withdrawal of armed conflict in eastern Amhara (mainly North Wello, South Wello and North Shewa zones) and parts of western Afar (Zone 4 and Zone 1). Through Emergency Site Assessment round 8 (Aug 2021), 1.8 million IDPs were identified in 581 IDP sites in Tigray region. However, please note that this information requires updating as a new round could not be conducted for the past 6 months due to a lack of fuel and cash. It is anticipated that the number of IDPs in Tigray should have dropped very significantly due to returns since August 2021.

Through Village Assessment Survey round 11 (Dec 2021-Feb 2022), a total of 2.85 million returning IDPs were identified in 2,378 villages across 11 regions (except Tigray region due to a lack of fuel and cash). 2.7 million returning IDPs (94%) were initially displaced due to conflict, 54,129 returning IDPs (2%) were initially displaced due to seasonal floods and 51,540 returning IDPs due to drought (2%). Significantly, this round’s returning IDP number has increased substantially due to the mass return of 1.5 million returning IDPs, mainly concentrated in the east of Amhara region (North Shewa, North Wello and South Wello zones), following the withdrawal of armed conflict.

Contact

DTM Ethiopia, SLOAddisAbabaDTM@iom.int

West and Central Africa — A Region on the Move: Mobility Trends in West and Central Africa (January — December 2021)

Migration is an integral part of life in West and Central Africa, a long tradition embedded in its historical, economic, social and cultural fabric. The region is a pivotal area of mobility, home to strong intraregional migration and, thanks to its strategic location at the crossroads, close exchanges with other regions.

The second edition of the “A Region on the Move” report provides an overview of population movement trends in West and Central Africa in 2021. It aims to provide a comprehensive overview of mobility in the region and showcase the versatility, multidimensionality and nuances of regional mobility in West and Central Africa.

To that end, the report presents regional mobility using two broad strokes:

  • Internal forced displacement: the report provides a detailed analysis of regional displacement numbers, trends and events in 2021, focussing on the five primary security crises affecting West and Central Africa (the Lake Chad Basin Crisis, the Central Sahel Crisis, the Central African Republic Crisis, Nigeria’s North West & North Central Crisis and Cameroons’ Anglophone Crisis)       
  • Migration flows: the report provides a study of regional migration flows in West and Central Africa. This section makes a distinction between intraregional (internal to West and Central Africa) and inter-regional (with a focus on movements between West and Central Africa and North Africa and Europe) mobility: in each of these sections, the report examines the primary mobility trends and events observed in 2021 as well as the profiles of mobile populations.

The 2021 edition of the report also explores the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on mobility (including forced displacement and migration flows) and examines the health, socioeconomic, protection and  impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on mobile populations.

The analysis builds on multiple data sources, most of them directly managed and collected by IOM, with external sources used to further complement the mobility picture and provide a holistic understanding of population movement dynamics in West and Central Africa. IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), which monitors internal forced displacements, migration flows, and characteristics of populations on the move constitutes the main data source for the report.

Mauritanie - Suivi des situations d'urgences - Rapport 1 (07 au 10 mars 2022)

Le suivi des situations d’urgence (en anglais, Emergency Tracking Tool, ETT) est une des composantes de la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM) déployée par l’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations (OIM). Il a pour objectif de recueillir des informations relatives aux déplacements causés par une crise ou des évènements soudains. Il offre une évaluation préliminaire d’une situation et permet de rapidement mettre en œuvre des mécanismes de réponse.

Le 05 mars 2022, suite à des attaques perpétrées par des individus armés dans la localité d’Attaye qui se trouve dans la commune de Dogofri (cerle de Niono, dans la région de Ségou au Mali), 857 familles d’éleveurs mauritaniens (4 426 individus) ont fui la commune et sont retournées, de manière préventive et par crainte d'attaques subséquentes, vers les villages de Likhleyil, Rkhoukha, Echleiba, Kervi, Teydouma et Seredouba en Mauritanie.

Les informations ont été collectées auprès d’informateurs clés (représentants de retournés, comités villageois) au moyen d’un questionnaire structuré axé sur les déplacements et les besoins humanitaires multisectoriels.