Baseline Assessment

Mali Rapport de Déplacement (Octobre 2020)

La crise sécuritaire que le Mali a connu en 2012 a provoqué d’importants déplacements de populations tant à l’intérieur du territoire que vers les pays limitrophes. Afin d’orienter la réponse humanitaire et de faciliter le retour et la réintégration des personnes déplacées internes (PDIs) et des réfugiés, la Direction Nationale du Développement Social (DNDS), fournit depuis décembre 2014 des informations à l’ensemble de la communauté humanitaire et aux pouvoirs publics afin de répondre aux besoins des populations déplacées, retournées et rapatriées au Mali. Les opérations de collecte et de mise à jour des données menées dans le cadre du programme DTM montrent une augmentation du nombre de personnes déplacées au Mali entre juillet et octobre  2020. La population déplacée dans la région a augmenté de 8,2% par rapport à juillet (rapport DTM de juillet 2020). Le nombre de PDIs est en effet passé de 287 496 personnes (rapport DTM juillet 2020) à 311 193 en octobre 2020 soit une augmentation de 23 697 individus. Cette augmentation s’explique par l’aggravation des conditions sécuritaires dans les Régions de Ségou, Mopti, Tombouctou, Gao et Ménaka au cours des derniers mois, engendrant de plus en plus de déplacements.

République Centrafricaine — Rapport sur les déplacements 10 (Novembre 2020)

Ce rapport fournit un aperçu de la situation de déplacement et des besoins sectoriels dans les localités accueillant les populations mobiles en RCA, ayant effectué soit des mouvements de déplacement forcés, soit des mouvements de retour vers leurs zones d’origine. Les informations disponibles ne concernent les préfectures et localités évaluées entre juillet 2020 et août 2020 par l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations (OIM). Pour ce cycle de collecte, l’OIM a étendu sa zone de couverture à la préfecture de Mambéré-Kadéi, afin de prendre en compte dans ses analyses la zone Ouest du pays. Lors de ce round de suivi des mobilités, la DTM a identifié une population mobile globale de 1 534 911 individus, incluant 420 645 PDI (86 385 ménages), 798 604 (159 819 ménages) retournés internes (anciennes PDI) et 315 662 (64 074 ménages) retournés de l’étranger. Comparée aux chiffres des déplacements de janvier 2020, on observe une baisse générale de la population déplacée interne (-21%) au profit des mouvements de retour interne (+17%) et de retours depuis l’étranger. (+11%)  sur l’ensemble des localités couvertes par la collecte de données, 60 pour cent (1 039 localités) hébergent des PDI, 86 pour cent (1 471 localités) hébergent des ménages retournés internes, et 44 pour cent (763 localités) hébergent des ménages revenus de l’étranger  

Contact

DTM CAR, DTMRCA@iom.int

Armenia — Arrivals of Displaced Individuals Overview Map — Novermber 2020

On the morning of 27 September, renewed hostilities erupted in and around the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone. This was the latest flare up in a conflict that has been ongoing for over thirty years. On 9 November 2020, the Prime Minister of Armenia, the President of Azerbaijan, and the President of Russia announced a tripartite ceasefire agreement ending the hostilities in and around the Nagorno-Karabakh (NK) conflict zone.

While data on the population displaced as a result of the conflict and their needs remains limited, a number of first efforts have been rolled out to assess displacement locations and needs. As the first efforts at collecting information on the needs of displaced and host communities are being rolled out in ten selected districts, an Information Management Working Group has been set up to coordinate efforts, led by the United Nations Resident Coordinator’s Office jointly with UNHCR and with the active participation of IOM. In meantime IOM has received the registration data form the Armenian Migration Service on 17 November 2020 as export from registration database as aggregates on settlement level with population values (of individuals and families) by settlement name. The latest registration data on spontaneous arrivals from the Armenian Migration Services from 17 November 2020 indicate that 81,408 spontaneous arrivals are scattered across 578 settlements and communities. 74 per cent of spontaneous arrivals are currently hosted in urban settlements, while 26 per cent are hosted in rural settlements. 39 per cent of the displaced have been registered in Yerevan, 19 per cent in Kotayk, and 9 per cent in Syunik.

IOM will provide support with systematizing and presenting data that is already being collected by the UN agencies and other actors, drawing on its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) tools and has deployed an expert to support this process.

Contact

Ilona Terminasyan (Head of Office), iterminasyan@iom.int

Type

Map

Nigeria — COVID-19 Point of Entry Dashboard 27 (14 - 20 November 2020)

IOM DTM in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the state Ministry of Health have been conducting monitoring of individuals moving into Nigeria's conflict-affected northeastern states of Adamawa and Borno under pillar four (Points of entry) of COVID 19 preparedness and response planning guidelines.
 
During the period 14 - 20 November 2020, 446 movements were observed at Seven Points of Entries in Adamawa and Borno states. Of the total movements recorded, 147 were incoming from Diffa in Niger Republic, 119 from Extreme Nord and 4 from Nord in Cameroon.
 
A range of data was collected during the assessment to better inform on migrants’ nationalities, gender, reasons for moving, mode of transportation and timeline of movement as shown in Figures 1 to 4 below.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

IOM COVID-19 Impact On Points Of Entry Bi-Weekly Analysis 18 November 2020

IOM COVID-19 Impact on Points of Entry Bi-Weekly Analysis is meant to serve IOM Member States, IOM, UN and voluntary partner agencies, the civil society (including media) as well as the general population in analysing the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Points of Entry. It is particularly relevant when identifying and addressing specific needs faced by migrants and mobile populations, disproportionately affected by the global mobility restrictions.
 
The report is based on information provided by IOM field staff, using resources available at the IOM country office level and is accurate to the best of IOM’s knowledge at the time of compilation. All information is being constantly validated, including the geolocation and attributes, and through regular assessments and triangulation of information. The updates depend on the time frame within which the information becomes available and is processed by IOM. For this reason, the analysis is always dated and timestamped in order to reflect the reality at a given time. However, as the situation continuously evolves and changes, despite IOM’s best efforts, the analysis may not always accurately reflect the multiple and simultaneous restrictive measures being imposed at a specific location.

Contact

dtmcovid19@iom.int

Methodology

Baseline Assessment

Nigeria — COVID-19 Point of Entry Dashboard 26 (7 - 13 November 2020)

IOM DTM in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the state Ministry of Health have been conducting monitoring of individuals moving into Nigeria's conflict-affected northeastern states of Adamawa and Borno under pillar four (Points of entry) of COVID 19 preparedness and response planning guidelines.
 
During the period 07 - 13 November 2020, 200 movements were observed at Eight Points of Entries in Adamawa and Borno states. Of the total movements recorded, 126 were incoming from Extreme Nord, 1 from Nord and 1 from Centre in Cameroon.
 
A range of data was collected during the assessment to better inform on migrants’ nationalities, gender, reasons for moving, mode of transportation and timeline of movement as shown in Figures 1 to 4 below.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Côte d'Ivoire — Mouvements de Populations — Rapport d'Évaluation Rapide des Besoins (11—12 Novembre 2020)

Dans le contexte des élections présidentielles en Côte d’Ivoire, dont le premier tour s’est tenu le 31 octobre 2020, des violences et affrontements ont éclaté dans plusieurs régions du pays, générant des déplacements importants de populations. Dans ce cadre, le Groupe d’Evaluation Rapide des Besoins (RNA) a mis en oeuvre une collecte de données harmonisée pour déterminer, à partir des informations fournies par l’ensemble des partenaires, l'ampleur des déplacements liés au contexte électoral et mesurer les besoins des populations déplacées afin de planifier une réponse humanitaire adaptée et coordonnée. Ce tableau de bord présente les résultats d’évaluations menées par différentes organisations membres du Groupe RNA les 11 et 12 Novembre 2020.

Contact

Aude Nanquette, Ananquette@iom.int

Honduras-Linea base para la evaluación de flujos migratorios y necesidades de localidades fronterizas. Reporte #1 (Junio-Agosto, 2020)

El 11 de marzo del 2020, debido a los niveles alarmantes de propagación y gravedad del virus COVID-19, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaró estado de pandemia. Honduras confirma sus dos primeros casos de la COVID-19, justamente en el momento en el que la OMS la declaraba una pandemia. En las primeras semanas del mes de marzo, el Gobierno de Honduras inicia con la toma de medidas con el fin de poder controlar el contagio en el territorio nacional. El 25 de marzo se confirmaba el primer fallecimiento por la COVID-19.

Honduras estableció diferentes lineamientos como parte de su respuesta a la emergencia. En términos de movilidad, se declaró un toque de queda en todo el país, así como alerta roja para los 18 departamentos, se restringió la movilización de personas por el último número de tarjeta de identidad o pasaporte y además se dio el cierre de las fronteras aéreas, terrestres y marítimas. Todas estas medidas han variado dependiendo del momento que se enfrente con respecto a los contagios.

Al 31 de agosto de 2020, Honduras había reabierto sus aeropuertos nacionales e internacionales, manteniendo medidas de bioseguridad, permitía el ingreso y salida de personas de su territorio. Según el Instituto Nacional de la Migración (INM) los puntos de control terrestres operan únicamente para el ingreso de personas hondureñas, residentes y personal diplomático; la salida del territorio hondureño de extranjeros está permitida para aquellas personas que presentan permiso de ingreso y/o tránsito del país de destino, además la entrada y salida de transportistas de carga pesada. Los puntos de control migratorio marítimos, se mantienen operando solamente para embarcaciones de carga.

A raíz de la situación provocada por la pandemia de COVID-19, la OIM indagar sobre el impacto en la movilidad en los flujos migratorios regulares e irregulares; las necesidades de los migrantes; y las medidas adoptadas para prevenir la propagación del virus a lo largo de las fronteras de Honduras.  Es por ello que se realizó este estudio, con el fin de generar líneas de base para comprender las necesidades existentes en los puntos de entrada oficiales y no oficiales, a fin de aportar insumos para orientar las acciones a realizar por los organismos de protección a nivel interinstitucional, los gobiernos locales, los paneles transfronterizos y el personal de campo de la OIM.

Contact

Melanie Gomez magomez@iom.int

Honduras-Baseline assessment of migration flows and border sites needs within the context of COVID-19 report #1 (June-August, 2020)

Due to the alarming levels of propagation and the serious nature of the COVID-19 virus, on 11 March 2020 the OMS declared a State of Pandemic. On the same date Honduras confirmed its first two cases of COVID-19. During the first weeks of March the Government of Honduras began taking measures to control propagation of the virus within the country. The first death due to COVID-19 was confirmed on 25 March.

In order to prevent COVID-19 contagions, Honduras established various guidelines as part of its response to the emergency. In terms of mobility, a country-wide curfew was established, as well as Red Alert for the eighteen Departments that comprise Honduran territory. Mobility of the citizenry was restricted based on the last number of each person’s Citizen ID Card or Passport. The country’s international airports, seaports, and overland border crossings were also closed.  All of said measures have been adjusted depending on the current contagion status at the time.

As of 31 August 2020, Honduras had reopened its domestic and international airports, maintaining biosecurity measures while allowing persons to enter and exit the country. According to the National Migration Institute (INM), however, the overland border stations were open only for Honduran nationals, residents, and diplomatic personnel to enter the country.  Foreigners are allowed to leave Honduras provided they have an entry and/or transit permit from the destination country. Freight haulers are also allowed to enter and exit the country. The seaports are open only for cargo ships.

In light of the situation caused by the COVID-19 Pandemic, the IOM seeks to determine: the impact of same on mobility in regular and irregular migratory flows; the needs of migrants; and the measures taken to prevent propagation of the virus along the borders of El Salvador.  This is the reason this Study was carried out, in order to generate baselines for comprehending existing needs at the official and unofficial points of entry, in order to provide input to orient actions to be taken by protection organizations at the inter-agency level, local governments, cross-border panels, and IOM field personnel.

Contact

Melanie Gomez magomez@iom.int

Guatemala-Baseline assessment of migration flows and border sites needs within the context of COVID-19 report- #1 (June-August, 2020)

Due to the alarming levels of propagation and the serious nature of the COVID-19 virus, on 11 March 2020 the OMS declared a State of Pandemic. The Guatemalan government had already declared a State of Calamity and Red Alert on 05 March 2020, due to the detection of the first case in Central America. The first case of COVID-19 in Guatemala was detected on 13 March 2020, with the first death recorded in the country on 15 March.

In order to prevent COVID-19 contagions, Guatemala has established various guidelines in response to the Pandemic. In terms of border control, the borders were closed and official land Points of Entry (PoE) allowed the entry of Guatemalans, residents, diplomatic personnel and heavy cargo transporters; they remain under partial operation. However, exit from Guatemalan territory is permitted for any person.

In addition, a series of restrictions have been established as part of the control to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 in the entry of persons to Guatemala. The measures adopted in border control focus on restricting entry by nationality, restricting entry to Guatemala in its entirety, and complying with measures of home isolation, quarantine on entry to the country, and other relevant medical checks.

In light of the situation caused by the COVID-19 Pandemic, the IOM seeks to determine: the impact of same on mobility in regular and irregular migratory flows; the needs of migrants; and the measures taken to prevent propagation of the virus along the borders of Guatemala.  This is the reason this Study was carried out, in order to generate baselines for comprehending existing needs at the official and unofficial points of entry, in order to provide input to orient actions to be taken by protection organizations at the inter-agency level, local governments, cross-border panels, and IOM field personnel.

Contact

Walter Arreaga warreaga@iom.int