Baseline Assessment

Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre — Tableau de bord mensuel sur la crise du Bassin du lac Tchad 40 (25 Janvier 2022)

La crise dans le Bassin du lac Tchad est le résultat d’une combinaison complexe d’une multitude de facteurs, y compris un conflit armé impliquant des groups armés non étatiques, des niveaux extrêmes de pauvreté, un sous-développement persistent, et des bouleversements climatiques, qui ont conduit à des déplacements de populations importants. Au 25 janvier 2022, le Cameroun, le Tchad, le Nigeria et le Niger accueillaient 5 536 188 individus affectés par la crise, dont des Personnes déplacées internes (PDI), des réfugiés et des retournés (anciennes PDI et retournés de l’étranger). 75 pour cent d’entre eux (soit 4 143 802 personnes) se trouvaient au Nigéria, 11 pour cent au Cameroun (645 491 personnes), 9 pour cent au Tchad (513 798 personnes) et 4 pour cent au Niger (233 097 personnes).

Contact

RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

West and Central Africa — Lake Chad Basin Crisis Monthly Dashboard 40 (25 January 2022)

The crisis currently affecting the Lake Chad Basin states results from a complex combination of factors, including conflict with Non-State Armed Groups, extreme poverty, underdevelopment and a changing climate, which together have triggered significant displacement of populations. As of 25 January 2022, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria were hosting an estimated 5,536,188 affected individuals made up of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), Refugees (both in- and out-of-camp), Returnees (Former IDPs and Returnees from abroad) and Third Country Nationals (TCNs). 75 per cent of the affected population (representing 4,143,802 individuals) were located in Nigeria, while 12 per cent resided in Cameroon (645,491 individuals), 9 per cent in Chad (513,798 individuals) and 4 per cent in Niger (233,097 individuals).

Contact

Regional Office Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre — Tableau de bord mensuel sur la crise du Liptako Gourma 25 (25 Janvier 2022)

La région du Sahel central, et plus particulièrement la zone du Liptako Gourma, qui enjambe le Burkina Faso, le Mali et le Niger, est témoin d’une crise complexe qui comprend comme enjeux une compétition grandissante pour le contrôle de ressources; des bouleversements climatiques; une croissance démographique galopante; des niveaux élevés de pauvreté; l’absence d’opportunités économiques et un sentiment de désillusions quant au futur; des tensions communautaires; l’absence de présence étatique et le manque de services sociaux de base; et des violences provoquées par des réseaux de crime organisé et des groups armés non étatiques. La crise a engendré, en 2021, la mort de 5 000 personnes 2020 (au 31 décembre) et conduit à des déplacements de populations significatifs dans les quatre pays touches par la crise. Au 25 janv. 2022, 2 295 207 individus étaient déplacés par la crise, y compris 2 105 336 Personnes déplacées internes (92% de la population affectée) et 189 871 réfugiés (8%). Soixante-dix pour cent de la population déplacée (1 604 536 personnes) se trouvaient au Burkina Faso, 18 pour cent au Mali (416 076), 9 pour cent au Niger (201 779) et 3 pour cent en Mauritanie (72 816).

Contact

RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

West and Central Africa — Liptako Gourma Crisis Monthly Dashboard 25 (25 January 2022)

The Central Sahel area, and in particular the Liptako Gourma region, which borders Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, is affected by a complex crisis involving growing competition over dwindling resources; climatic variability; demographic pressure; high levels of poverty; disaffection and a lack of livelihood opportunities; communal tensions; the absence of state institutions and basic services; and violence related to organized crime and Non-State Armed Groups. The crisis has led to the death of an estimated 5,000 people in 2021 (as of 31 December) and triggered significant displacement of populations in the four affected countries. As of 25 January 2022, 2,295,207 individuals have been displaced, including 2,105,336 Internally Displaced Persons (92% of the displaced population) and 189,871 Refugees (8% of the displaced population). Seventy per cent of the displaced population (1,604,536 individuals) were located in Burkina Faso, while 18 per cent resided in Mali (416,076 individuals), 9 per cent in Niger (201,779 individuals) and 3 per cent in Mauritania (72,816 individuals).

Contact

RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

Libya — IDP and Returnee Report 39 (October- November 2021)

This report presents the data on internally displaced persons (IDPs) and returnees between October – November 2021. The data and findings represent round 39 of the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s (DTM) Mobility Tracking. In Libya, no new mass displacements have been reported since June 2020, and throughout 2021 IDPs have continued to return to their communities of origin. Consistent with the annual trend, in this round of reporting, the numbers of IDPs within the country continued decreasing, with a parallel increase in the number of returnees.

As compared to an estimated 648, 317 returnees reported in round 38, the number of those identified during round 39 increased to 661,892 individuals. This indicates a slight increase in the percentage of those returning (2%), after a period of plateauing across the past 6 months.

Contact

DTM Libya, DTMLibya@iom.int

Libya — IDP and Returnee Report 39 (October- November 2021)

This report presents the data on internally displaced persons (IDPs) and returnees between October – November 2021. The data and findings represent round 39 of the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s (DTM) Mobility Tracking. In Libya, no new mass displacements have been reported since June 2020, and throughout 2021 IDPs have continued to return to their communities of origin. Consistent with the annual trend, in this round of reporting, the numbers of IDPs within the country continued decreasing, with a parallel increase in the number of returnees.

As compared to an estimated 648, 317 returnees reported in round 38, the number of those identified during round 39 increased to 661,892 individuals. This indicates a slight increase in the percentage of those returning (2%), after a period of plateauing across the past 6 months.

Contact

DTM Libya, DTMLibya@iom.int

Nigeria — COVID-19 Point of Entry Dashboard 88 (15 - 21 January 2022)

During the COVID-19 pandemic, IOM's Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), monitors the movements to and from Nigeria's Adamawa and Borno States in north-east Nigeria. Assessments are conducted at Points of Entry located along the border with Cameroon.


During the period 15 - 21 January 2022, 307 movements were observed at three Points of Entry in Borno state. Of the total movements recorded, 127 were incoming from the Far North Region in Cameroon and five from Ndjamena in Chad republic, while 170 outgoing movements were recorded from Borno State to the Far North Region in Cameroon and one outgoing movement to Lai in Chad republic.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Nigeria — COVID-19 Point of Entry Dashboard 87 (01 - 07 January 2022)

During the COVID-19 pandemic, IOM's Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), monitors the movements to and from Nigeria's Adamawa and Borno States in north-east Nigeria. Assessments are conducted at Points of Entry located along the border with Cameroon.


During the period 01 - 07 January 2022, 174 movements were observed at three Points of Entry in Borno state. Of the total movements recorded, 126 were incoming from the Far North Region in Cameroon and 1 incoming from Ndjamena in Chad republic, while 47 outgoing movements were recorded from Borno State to the Far North Region in Cameroon.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Nigeria — COVID-19 Point of Entry Dashboard 87 (08 - 14 January 2022)

During the COVID-19 pandemic, IOM's Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), monitors the movements to and from Nigeria's Adamawa and Borno States in north-east Nigeria. Assessments are conducted at Points of Entry located along the border with Cameroon.


During the period 08 - 14 January 2022, 265 movements were observed at three Points of Entry in Borno state. Of the total movements recorded, 139 were incoming from the Far North Region in Cameroon and 18 incoming from Bol and Adre in Chad republic, while 107 outgoing movements were recorded from Borno State to the Far North Region in Cameroon and one
outgoing movement to Bol in Chad republic.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int