Flow Monitoring

Mali — Rapport trimestriel sur les flux migratoires au Mali (janvier-mars 2022)

Le rapport présente les principaux résultats des enquêtes individuelles effectuées par la DTM auprès de migrants transitant par les points de suivi de flux (FMP) du Mali au cours du premier trimestre de l’année 2022.

Les résultats des enquêtes FMS réalisées témoignent du fait que le Mali soit l’une des principales routes empruntées par les migrants en Afrique de l’Ouest. En effet, la diversité des nationalités observées (18 nationalités), des routes empruntées, des pays de provenance et de destination, démontrent la place prépondérante qu’occupe le Mali dans les mobilités en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre.

Il ressort par ailleurs de ces analyses que les migrants sont majoritairement des hommes célibataires, des jeunes âgés entre 20 et 30 ans voyageant principalement pour des raisons économiques. Spécifiquement, ils sont à la recherche d’opportunités de travail soit à l’intérieur de la région, soit en Afrique du Nord ou espérant rejoindre l’Europe.

Contact

DTM Mali, DTMMali@iom.int

Afghanistan - Survey on Drivers of Migration - Summary Brief on Debt (Round 2 and Round 3)

The Survey on Drivers of Migration (SDM) is part of IOM's EU-funded Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) "Regional
Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy" (REMAP) project. The objective of DTM REMAP is to strengthen the
evidence-based formulation and implementation of humanitarian and development policy and programming on
migration and forced displacement in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq and Pakistan.


The DTM Afghanistan team selected 6 provinces with high international outward migration in which to conduct
data collection. The selection was based on the review of longitudinal multiyear flow monitoring data on outward
migration from the Islam Qala -Taybad and Zaranj -Milak border crossings to the Islamic Republic of Iran and beyond.
Through the SDM, between November 2020 and March 2021 (Round 2) the DTM team in Afghanistan interviewed
18,929 potential migrants at informal migration hubs in Afghanistan. Among them, 15,810 people stated that they
intended to migrate to the Islamic Republic of Iran (83%), 2,404 to Turkey (13%) and 715 people to Europe (4%).
Between April 2021 and August 2021 (Round 3), the team interviewed another 18,390 potential migrants. Among
them, 15,440 people stated that they intended to migrate to the Islamic Republic of Iran (84%), 2,159 to Turkey (12%)
and 791 people to Europe (4%).

Contact

DTMAfghanistan@iom.int

Methdology

Survey Flow Monitoring

Afghanistan - Survey on Drivers of Migration - Summary Brief Round 3 (April 2021 - August 2021)

The Survey on Drivers of Migration (SDM) is part of the European Union (EU) funded Displacement Tracking Matrix
(DTM) project "Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy" (REMAP). The objective of DTM REMAP is to
strengthen the evidence-based formulation and implementation of humanitarian and development policy and
programming on migration and forced displacement in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq
and Pakistan.


Through the SDM, between April 2021 and August 2021 (Round 3) the DTM team in Afghanistan interviewed
18,390 potential migrants1 at informal migration hubs. The DTM Afghanistan team selected 6 provinces with high
international outward migration in which to conduct data collection. The selection was based on the review of
longitudinal multiyear flow monitoring data on outward migration from Islam Qala -Taybad and Zaranj -Milak border
crossings to the Islamic Republic of Iran and beyond. The detailed findings of this survey will be soon published in a
report (IOM, 2022). A quantitative approach was adopted to analyze the drivers of Afghan migration to Europe, the
Islamic Republic of Iran and Turkey. The specific thematic areas for analysis include: socio-economic profiles, drivers
and reasons for migration, travel arrangements, problems and vulnerabilities related to journey and mobility history.
This summary brief, extracted from the forthcoming report, provides a background on the interviewed potential
migrants. A summary of the main findings of the forthcoming report can be found in the Annex.

Contact

DTM Afghanistan, DTMAfghanistan@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Afghanistan - Survey on Drivers of Migration - Summary Brief Round 2 (November 2020 - March 2021)

The Survey on Drivers of Migration (SDM) is part of the European Union (EU) funded Displacement Tracking Matrix
(DTM) project "Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy" (REMAP). The objective of DTM REMAP is to
strengthen the evidence-based formulation and implementation of humanitarian and development policy and
programming on migration and forced displacement in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq
and Pakistan.


Through the SDM, between November 2020 and March 2021 (Round 2) the DTM team in Afghanistan interviewed
19,605 potential migrants1 at informal migration hubs. The DTM Afghanistan team selected 6 provinces with high
international outward migration in which to conduct data collection. The selection was based on the review of
longitudinal multiyear flow monitoring data on outward migration from Islam Qala -Taybad and Zaranj -Milak border
crossings to the Islamic Republic of Iran and beyond. The detailed findings of this survey will be soon published in
a report (IOM, 2022). A quantitative approach was adopted to analyze the drivers of Afghan migration to Europe,
the Islamic Republic of Iran, Pakistan and Turkey. The specific thematic areas for analysis include: socio-economic
profiles, drivers and reasons for migration, travel arrangements, problems and vulnerabilities related to journey
and mobility history. This summary brief, extracted from the forthcoming report, provides a background on the
interviewed potential migrants. A summary of the main findings of the forthcoming report can be found in the Annex.

Contact

DTM Afghanistan, DTMAfghanistan@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Djibouti — Tableau de bord sur les Tendances Migratoires (Avril 2022)

During the month of April 2022, 16,339 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in
Djibouti, i.e. a daily average of 545 movements. Migratory flows increased by only 2 percent
compared to March 2022, during which 518 movements were observed on average each day. However, they
have not yet reached the levels seen during the period before the COVID-19 pandemic (between March 2019 and
March 2020, the daily average was 654).

Of these 16,339 movements, 2,950 (18%) were observed at Obock in the coastal region of Djibouti where migrants
cross the Gulf of Aden to the Arabian Peninsula along the so-called is.

Since January 2022, movements from Ethiopia have seen a significant increase (21%) compared to those
observed monthly last year during the same period. In 2022, a total of 35,269 migrants from Ethiopia entered
Djibouti. In addition, 2,390 Ethiopians have returned from Yemen since January 2022. Indeed, at the start of the
COVID-19 pandemic, these returns were mainly due to the movement restrictions in place in Yemen and Saudi Arabia.
The gradual deterioration of living conditions in Yemen then also led to more and more spontaneous returns
. The trend of these returns has been steadily increasing since the beginning of the year

Contact

DTM Djibouti, DTMDjibouti@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Djibouti — Migration Trends Dashboard (April 2022)

In April 2022, 16,339 movements were observed at the Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in Djibouti, representing a daily average
of 545 movements. Migration flows increased by only 2 per cent compared to the month of March 2022, during which an
average of 518 movements had been registered daily. It is worth highlighting that migration flows have not yet reached pre-
COVID-19 levels (between March 2019 and March 2020, the daily average was 654).

Of these 16,339 movements, 2,950 (18%) were observed in Obock. This coastal region of Djibouti is the main gateway for
migrants going to and returning from the Arabian Peninsula. Migrants regroup at congregation points in the Obock region where
they then cross the Gulf of Aden on boats along what is known as the Eastern route.

Since January 2022, movements from Ethiopia have increased sharply (21%) compared to those observed monthly last year
during the same period. In 2022, a total of 35,269 migrants from Ethiopia entered Djibouti. In addition, 2,390 Ethiopians have
returned from Yemen since January 2022. At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, these movements were mainly due to
mobility restrictions imposed in Yemen and Saudi Arabia. Subsequently, the progressive deterioration of living conditions in
Yemen also triggered growing numbers of spontaneous returns. The trend of these returns has been steadily increasing since the
beginning of the year.

Contact

DTM Djibouti, DTMDjibouti@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Iraq – Mobility Restrictions due to COVID-19 (25 August - 7 September 2020)

In response to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, Iraqi authorities have imposed mobility restrictions since March 2020, aimed at curbing the spread of the virus. These measures include restrictions on travel and limitations on freedom of movement, such as the closure of airports and points of entry (PoEs) along land borders and maritime boundaries, as well as domestic movement restrictions. Between 25 August and 7 September 2020, IOM

Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in Iraq assessed 30 locations, of which 7 were reported as closed, 7 partially open, and 16 open for commercial traffic only. This report presents an overview of mobility restrictions for the 23 monitored PoEs that are partially open or open for commercial traffic only, as well as for Iraq in general 

Contact

DTM Iraq, IraqDTM@iom.int

Iraq – Mobility Restrictions due to COVID-19 (11 – 24 August 2020)

In response to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, Iraqi authorities have imposed mobility restrictions since March 2020, aimed at curbing the spread of the virus. These measures include restrictions on travel and limitations on freedom of movement, such as the closure of airports and points of entry (PoEs) along land borders and maritime boundaries, as well as domestic movement restrictions. Between 11 and 24 August 2020, IOM Iraq’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) assessed 30 locations, of which 8 were reported as closed, 9 partially open, and 13 open for commercial traffic only. This report presents an overview of mobility restrictions for the 22 monitored PoEs that are partially open or open for commercial traffic, as well as for Iraq in general.

Contact

DTM Iraq, IraqDTM@iom.int

Iraq – Mobility Restrictions due to COVID-19 (28 July - 10 August 2020)

In response to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, Iraqi authorities have imposed mobility restrictions since March 2020 aimed at curbing the spread of the virus. These measures include restrictions on travel and limitations on freedom of movement, such as the closure of airports and points of entry (PoEs) along land borders and maritime boundaries, as well as domestic movement restrictions. Between 28 July and 10 August 2020, IOM Iraq’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) assessed 30 locations, of which 10 were reported as closed, 8 partially open, and 12 open only for commercial traffic. This report presents an overview of mobility restrictions for the 20 monitored PoEs which are partially open and open for commercial traffic, as well as for Iraq in general.

Contact

DTM Iraq, IraqDTM@iom.int

Iraq – Mobility Restrictions and Health Measures due to COVID-19 (1 March to 31 May 2021)

Since April 2020, DTM Iraq has collected data and information relating to COVID-19 related movement restrictions and health measures being implemented across the country to curb the spread of the virus.

During this reporting period covering 1 March to 31 May 2021, DTM collected information on mobility restrictions within Iraq as well as at Points of Entry (PoEs). These restrictions include limitations on mobility across governorates as well as on commercial and trade activity, curfews, government and residency office operating hours, and legal regulations.

Contact

DTM Iraq, IraqDTM@iom.int