Flow Monitoring

Nigeria — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 52 (April 2022)

IOM, through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Flow Monitoring tool, collects data at key entry, exit and transit points to better understand population movements across West and Central Africa. The monitoring of population flows allows for the quantification and qualification mobility flows and trends, migrant profiles, and migratory experiences and routes. Since March 2017 two Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) have been active in Kano and Sokoto in northern Nigeria, monitoring mobility within the country and between Nigeria, Niger and beyond.

In Nigeria, DTM conducts Flow Monitoring activities in several important transit locations in Sokoto and Kano to monitor the movements of passenger buses to and from Niger. The Sokoto FMP covers three migratory routes in Illela, Gada and Sabon-Birnin. And the Kano FMP (Kofar Ruwa Park and Yankaba Park) covers two migratory routes in Dala and Nasarawa Local Government Areas in Kano state.

This report presents data collected on flows, routes, provenance, destination and demographic profiles of travellers observed at the FMPs between 1 and 30 April 2022.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Slovakia - Displacement Analysis of Third Country Nationals (24 June 2022)

Since 24 February 2022, an increasing number of persons fleeing from Ukraine to the neighbouring countries has been observed, as a result of the war in Ukraine.

This report is based on cumulative and daily registrations by the Bureau of Border and Foreign Police of the Presidium of the Police Force (BBFP) of Ukrainian refugees and third-country nationals (TCNs) entering from Ukraine to the territory of Slovakia through all Border Crossing Points (BCPs), since 24 February 2022, numbers of those who exited the country towards Ukraine, as well as on number of those who applied for asylum or temporary protection in Slovakia.

To date, Ukrainian refugees represent 92 per cent (501,059) of all individuals registered at entry from Ukraine to Slovakia, with 6 per cent (30,845) of Third-Country Nationals (TCNs) and 2 per cent (9,822) of Slovak nationals recorded.

Contact

DTM Mediterranean, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Impact Of COVID-19 Movement Restrictions on Migrants Along the Eastern Corridor (May 2022)

The Horn of Africa and Yemen is one of the busiest and riskiest migration corridors in the world travelled by hundreds of thousands of migrants, the majority of whom travel in an irregular manner, often relying on smugglers to facilitate movement along the Eastern Route. This regional report provides monthly updates on the complex migratory dynamics through Djibouti, Somalia, Yemen and Ethiopia based on diverse data sources and consultations with key informants in the four countries. Moreover, it provides information on the main protection concerns for migrants along the journey, information on the spill over effects of the conflict in Northern Ethiopia observed at the border between Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan, a specific focus on children and information on the returns from Saudi Arabia to Ethiopia, Somalia and Yemen.

Contact

DTM Regional Office Nairobi, DTMRONairobi@iom.int

Costa Rica - Panamá: Monitoreo de flujos de personas en situación de movilidad por las Américas #6 (Mayo 2022)

En el marco de la emergencia por la COVID 19 desde el 19 de marzo del 2020 el Gobierno de Costa Rica mantiene cerrada su frontera terrestre con Panamá para la Operación Binacional Flujo Controlado, la cual procuraba una migración ordenada y segura de personas migrantes en situación de movilidad por América.

Desde agosto de 2021 hasta abril de 2022 el Gobierno de Panamá reporta el ingreso a Panamá de 107,789 personas migrantes Haití (53%), Cuba (10%), Brasil (7%), República Bolivariana de Venezuela (6%), Chile (6%) entre otros países del Sur de América, África y Asia (12%).

En Costa Rica, durante el 2022 se ha identificado un aumento constante en la cantidad de personas migrantes de este flujo migratorio (a abril de 2022 ha aumentado en un 269 en comparación con diciembre de 2021 cuando inició el monitoreo de flujos) Además, de acuerdo con datos de la Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería ( desde mayo de 2021 a mayo de 2022 se han realizaron 5 509 rechazos 5 en Paso Canoas.

De manera general, se destaca la presencia de grupos cada vez más numerosos de personas migrantes (grupos de hasta 30 personas) que se acercan a las estaciones de autobuses minutos antes que el viaje comience, lo cual se asocia con la intermediación de terceras personas que les compran los tiquetes de viaje, les informan sobre los horarios y les transportan desde Paso Canoas hasta Río Claro o Ciudad Neily.

Contact

DTMCostaRica@iom.int

Methdology

Survey Flow Monitoring

Costa Rica - Panama: Flow monitoring of people in mobility situations through the Americas #6 (May 2022)

Within the framework of the COVID 19 emergency, since March 19, 2020, the Government of Costa Rica has kept its land border with Panama closed for the Binational Controlled Flow Operation, which sought an orderly and safe migration of migrants moving through the Americas.

From August 2021 to April 2022 the Government of Panama reports the entry into Panama of 107,789 migrants Haiti (53%), Cuba (10%), Brazil (7%), Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (6%), Chile (6%) among other countries in South America, Africa and Asia (12%).

In Costa Rica, during 2022, a steady increase in the number of migrants of this migration flow has been identified (as of April 2022 it has increased by 269 compared to December 2021 when the monitoring of flows in Costa Rica began). According to data from the General Directorate of Migration and Aliens (by its acronym in Spanish) during May 2021 and May 2022, 5,509 rejections were reported in Paso Canoas.

In general, the presence of increasingly numerous groups of migrants stands out (groups of up to 30 people) who approach the bus stations minutes before the trip begins, which is associated with the intermediation of third parties that buy the travel tickets, inform the migrants about the schedules and transport them from Paso Canoas to Río Claro or Ciudad Neily.

Contact

Angélica Madrigal amadrigal@iom.int

Pakistan — Flow Monitoring of Undocumented Afghan Returnees from Pakistan (21 May - 03 June 2022)

IOM Pakistan collects data on the outflows of undocumented Afghan migrants at the Torkham and Chaman border crossing points in an effort to better understand the migration movements of undocumented Afghan migrants returning to Afghanistan from Pakistan. This exercise is part of the European Union funded project “Displacement Tracking Matrix Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy (DTM REMAP)”. From 21 May to 03 June 2022, 4,063 undocumented Afghan migrants returned to Afghanistan from Pakistan, including 287 through the Torkham border point and 3,776 through the Chaman border point. During the reporting period, border authorities facilitated the return of 46 individuals due to the lack of legal documentation to remain in Pakistan. Therefore, information concerning these 46 individuals is not included in the report analysis.

Contact

DTM Pakistan, DTMPakistan@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Pakistan — Flow Monitoring of Undocumented Afghan Returnees from Pakistan (04 - 17 June 2022)

IOM Pakistan collects data on the outflows of undocumented Afghan migrants at the Torkham and Chaman border crossing points in an effort to better understand the migration movements of undocumented Afghan migrants returning to Afghanistan from Pakistan. This exercise is part of the European Union funded project “Displacement Tracking Matrix Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy (DTM REMAP)”. From 04 to 17 June 2022, 3,002 undocumented Afghan migrants returned to Afghanistan from Pakistan, including 322 through the Torkham border point and 2,680 through the Chaman border point. During the reporting period, border authorities facilitated the return of 103 individuals due to the lack of legal documentation to remain in Pakistan. Therefore, information concerning these 103 individuals is not included in the report analysis.

Contact

DTM Pakistan, DTMPakistan@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Colombia — Monitoreo de los flujos migratorios en la frontera colombo venezolana (Mayo 2022)

El 77% de los nacionales venezolanos entrevistados(as) indican que proceden de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela (en adelante Venezuela), destacándose que el 13% provienen de Distrito Capital, 12% de Carabobo y 11% de Zulia. En una proporción menor provienen de otros países como: Perú (13%), Ecuador (7%) y Chile (4%).

Contact

DTM Colombia, DTMColombia@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Niger - Rapport sur le suivi des flux de populations 59 ( Mai 2022)

L’OIM, à travers l’outil de suivi des flux de populations (Flow Monitoring en anglais) de la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix, DTM en anglais), récolte des données à des points d’entrée, de sortie et de transit clés afin de mieux comprendre les mouvements de populations à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. Le suivi des flux de population est une activité qui permet de quantifier et de qualifier les flux et tendances de mobilités, les profils des migrants, et les expériences et routes migratoires. Depuis 2016, plusieurs points de suivi des flux de populations ont été progressivement installés dans d'importantes localités du Niger pour faire le suivi des flux migratoires dans le pays. La période de collecte de ce rapport s’est faite du 1er au 31 Mai 2022 afin d’observer la tendance de la migration durant le mois.

Contact

DTM Niger, DTMNiger@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Nigeria — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 51 (March 2022)

In order to gain a better understanding of mobility flows and trends throughout West and Central Africa, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) implements the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s Flow Monitoring (FM) tool at key transit points across the region. Flow Monitoring activities are conducted in close cooperation with national and local authorities as well as with local partners. The Flow Monitoring tool consists of two main components: the Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR), which captures key data on the magnitude, provenance, destination and mode of travel of mobility flows, and the Flow Monitoring Survey (FMS), individual surveys conducted with travellers to gather detailed information about the profiles, migration experience, and intentions of migrants. Through these activities, the Flow Monitoring tool collects data on migration flows and trends, traveller profiles, migration journeys, and intentions of migrants, so as to obtain a sharpened view of mobility in West and Central Africa. 

In Nigeria, DTM conducts Flow Monitoring activities in several important transit locations in Sokoto and Kano to monitor the movements of passenger buses to and from Niger. The Sokoto FMP covers three migratory routes in Illela, Gada and Sabon-Birnin. And the Kano FMP (Kofar Ruwa Park and Yankaba Park) covers two migratory routes in Dala and Nasarawa Local Government Areas in Kano state.

This report is subdivided into two sections: one section presents data obtained during the Flow Monitoring Registry and another section presents the key results from the Flow Monitoring Survey conducted with travellers between  February and March 2022. The report presents data collected on flows, routes, provenance, destination and demographic profiles of travellers observed at the FMPs.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring