Flow Monitoring

Mauritanie — COVID-19 — Restrictions de mobilité (Décembre 2021)

La pandémie de COVID-19 a eu des conséquences majeures sur la mobilité dans le monde. Au-delà des fortes perturbations de la mobilité, de nombreux gouvernements ont imposé des mesures limitants ou interdisant les mouvements de personnes dans le but d'endiguer la propagation du virus. Ainsi, dès le 15 mars 2020, le gouvernement de la République Islamique de Mauritanie a progressivement mis en place des mesures limitant les déplacements dans le pays mais surtout ,les mouvements vers et depuis d'autres pays(fermetures des frontières) pour contenir la propagation de la pandémie. Ces mesures, comme un couvre-feu et des restrictions des voyage, ont été graduellement levées à partir de levées à partir de juillet 2020, décembre 2020 avant d’être remises en place à partir de mars 2021. La dernière mesure a été prise en janvier 2022 avec une reprise de l’interdiction des rassemblements due à la découverte du variant Omicron.

Afin  de fournir  des informations fiables, l’OIM a développé un outil de collecte de données permettant de cartographier l'emplacement des principaux points d'entrée (PdE) dans le pays, de recueillir des données sur leur statut opérationnel et d'identifier les mesures et les restrictions imposées à ces points. Cet outil utilise la méthodologie de suivi des populations mobiles (DTM) de l’Organisation internationale pour le migrations (OIM). Les évaluations ont pour but d'aider les autorités nationales, les agences des Nations Unies, les organisations et autres parties prenantes clés à identifier et à développer des interventions adéquates de préparation et de réponse à la pandémie au niveau des PdE. Ce rapport quadrimestriel présente des informations sur le statut opérationnel, les mobilités transfrontalières et les mesures préventives mises en place dans 28 PdE à travers le pays

Contact

DTM Mauritania, DTMMauritania@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

West and Central Africa — Irregular Migration Routes to Europe — Western African Atlantic Route (January — December 2021)

Irregular migration is a complex, dynamic and fragmented phenomenon, and remains difficult to fully picture. Strengthening the understanding of migration routes, trends as well as migrant profiles is critical in order to protect migrants and support evidence-based policies. The International Organization for Migration's Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and Missing Migrants Project (MMP) collect data on the departures, arrivals, deaths and disappearances of migrants along migratory routes.

This document presents the resumption of migration from the coasts of West Africa to the Canary Islands (Spain). This route, already active in 2006, saw an increasing number of movements in 2021. The risks, deaths and disappearances following shipwrecks are also on the rise along the Atlantic coasts.

Between January and December 2021, 22,316 individuals reached the Canary Islands irregularly by boat, after crossing from West African Coasts, representing a slight decrease of 707 people compared to 2020 (23,023)

Contact

RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

Methdology

Other Flow Monitoring

Sierra Leone — Points of Entry, Cross-Border Mobility and Disease Surveillance: Focus on Kailahun, Pujahun and Falaba Districts (12—22 October 2021)

The emergence and spread of COVID-19 in Sierra Leone has highlighted the need for effective disease prevention and mitigating measures as well as ordered and structured border management. To that end, it was deemed crucial to garner a better and more comprehensive understanding of mobility patterns and trends, characteristics of mobility and to identify key crossing points with Guinea and Liberia, Sierra Leone’s neighbouring countries.

The International Organization for Migration (IOM)’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) conducted a participatory mapping exercise between 12 and 22 October 2021 in Kailahun, Pujehun and Falaba Districts, chosen for their strategic location in transboundary mobility, with the aim of identifying major crossing points between Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia, understanding mobility patterns and trends, and identifying key characteristics of cross-border mobility.  This is particularly important given the porousness of international borders, which make it more difficult to track movements between countries. This exercise sought, by enhancing comprehension of cross-border mobility, to inform programmes and policies to strengthen infection disease preparedness, monitoring and response.   

Contact

RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

Sierra Leone — Points of Entry, Cross-Border Mobility and Disease Surveillance (12—22 October 2021)

With the emergence of the COVID-19, securitization of national points of entry of all countries became crucial within the mobility discourse, particularly given the plethora of unprecedented COVID-19 recorded cases in neighboring countries caused through traveling. With the huge characteristics of notable points of entry porosity at both land and blue crossing points in Sierra Leone, mapping and identification of official and unofficial points of entry plays an essential role to check the spread of COVID-19 cases in Sierra Leone.

The present study is focused on participatory mapping of points of entry, by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) within the three districts in Sierra Leone:-Kailahun, Pujehun and Falaba districts, within the project’s broad aim of contributing “strengthening health care system, preparedness and resilience against COVID-19 at points of entry in Sierra Leone”.

The aim of the participatory mapping exercise was to identify major crossing points in Kailahun, Pujehun, and Falaba districts that would assist government with data on points of entry and cross border mobility patterns for the institutionalization of COVID-19 mitigation and prevention measures. In particular, the aims and objectives of the project were to:

  • Identify points of entry with high volumes of cross border travellers;
  • Help provide key information on various cross border mobility patterns and trends within Kailahun, Falaba and Pujehun Districts bordering with Liberia and Guinea useful for disease detection, response and prevention such as COVID-19;
  • Understand cross border activities at and around points of entry separating Sierra Leone from Guinea and Liberia.

Contact

RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

Burkina Faso — Rapport sur le suivi des flux de populations 41 (Décembre 2021)

Le suivi des flux de populations récolte des données sur les flux et tendances migratoires, les profils des voyageurs et les parcours et intentions des migrants, afin de fournir une meilleure compréhension des mobilités en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. 

Au Burkina Faso, la DTM recueille des données au niveau de 4 Points de suivi des flux (Flow Monitoring Points, FMP) que sont Dori/Seytenga, Kantchari, Faramana et Yendéré répartis dans 4 régions afin d’obtenir une meilleure compréhension de l’ampleur, des tendances, des caractéristiques socio-démographiques et des parcours des flux de voyageurs traversant ces différents points.

Ce rapport présente les données recueillies dans le cadre des activités d’enregistrement des flux et d’enquêtes individuelles durant le mois de Décembre 2021.

Contact

Regional Office Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

Burkina Faso — Rapport sur le suivi des flux de populations 40 (Novembre 2021)

Le suivi des flux de populations récolte ainsi des données sur les flux et tendances migratoires, les profils des voyageurs et les parcours et intentions des migrants, afin de fournir une meilleure compréhension des mobilités en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. 

Au Burkina Faso, la DTM recueille des données au niveau de 4 Points de suivi des flux (Flow Monitoring Points, FMP) que sont Dori/Seytenga, Kantchari, Faramana et Yendéré répartis dans 4 régions afin d’obtenir une meilleure compréhension de l’ampleur, des tendances, des caractéristiques socio-démographiques et des parcours des flux de voyageurs traversant ces différents points.

Ce rapport présente les données recueillies dans le cadre des activités d’enregistrement des flux et d’enquêtes individuelles durant le mois de Novembre 2021.

Contact

Regional Office Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

Somalia — Border Point Flow Monitoring — (December 2021)

In December 2021, a total of 23,779 movements were observed at 7 Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs). This represents an increase of 21 per cent in comparison with December 2020 (9 months after the country’s first case of COVID-19) when 19,601 movements were observed.

Doolow, Lowyacado and Bossaso FMPs recorded an increase in movements between these two periods (161%, 50% and 19% respectively) while Harirad, Dhobley, Buuhoodle and Cabudwaaq FMPs recorded a decrease in movements (-63%, -23% -13% and -13% respectively).

Bossaso, Harirad, Cabudwaaq and Doolow FMPs recorded the highest numbers of incoming flows (25%, 20%, 16% and 14% of all incoming flows, respectively). Dhobley, Doolow and Bossaso recorded the highest numbers of outgoing flows (30%, 28% and 25% of all outgoing flows, respectively).

Contact

DTM Somalia, IOMSomaliaDTM@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Impact Of COVID-19 Movement Restrictions on Migrants Along the Eastern Corridor (December 2021)

The COVID-19 outbreak has restricted global mobility, whilst heightening the risk of exploitation of vulnerable populations. This report provides a snapshot of the COVID-19 epidemiological situation and mobility restrictions, and of the current migration trends along the Eastern Corridor migration route, in addition to an analysis of the impact that movement restrictions have had in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Yemen. Moreover, it provides information on the main protection concerns for migrants and assistance provided, and COVID-19 risk mitigation measures. This report utilizes data collected through IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs), Migration Response Centres (MRCs),1 Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) data, as well as anecdotal information provided by IOM team members working in the region.

Contact

DTM Regional Office Nairobi, DTMRONairobi@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Bosnia & Herzegovina - MIGRANT PRESENCE OUTSIDE TEMPORARY RECEPTION CENTRES — Round 09 (19 January 2022) [BSC]

19. januara 2021, deveta zajednička vježba provedena je od strane IOM-a u Bosni i Hercegovini (BiH) zajedno sa Službom za poslove sa strancima (SPS), uz podršku Crvenog križa (CK) Federacije BiH (FBiH) kako bi prikupili informacije o broju migranata i tražioca azila koji se trenutno nalaze u državi. Svrha ove redovne vježbe je da se pruži okvirni broj migrantske populacije koja nije smještena niti registrovana u jednom od Privremenih prihvatnih centara (PPC) u bilo kojem trenutku. Raspoređeno je ukupno trinaest timova, sačinjenih od 38 popisivača (28 muškaraca i 10 žena), uz dodatnih 10 inspektora SPS-a (7 muškaraca i 3 žene) i 10 uposlenika CK (6 muškaraca i 4 žene). Vježba prikupljanja podataka je provedena u 7 kantona Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine  (FBiH) i po prvi put na 36 lokacija unutar Republike Srpske (RS). Ukupno je posjećeno 205 lokacija u 31 općini, i to: 76 lokacija u 5 općina Unsko-sanskog kantona, 34 lokacije u 6 općina Kantona Sarajevo, 32 lokacije u 10 općina Tuzlanskog kantona, 19 lokacija u 4  općine Hercegovačko-neretvanskog kantona, 4 lokacije u 4 općine Zapadno-hercegovačkog kantona, 2 lokacije u 2 općine u Bosansko-podrinjskog kantona, 2 lokacije u 2 općine u Kantonu 10, 7 lokacija u Zvorniku, 5 lokacija u Višegradu, 4 lokacije u Bijeljini, 3 lokacije u Bratuncu, 3 lokacije u Rudom, 2 lokacije u Banja Luci, 2 lokacije u Foči, 2 lokacije u Rogatici i 1 po jedna lokacija u Gradiškoj, Kostajnici, Kozarskoj Dubici, Milićima, Novom Gradu, Prijedoru, Srbcu i Vlasenici.

Ukupni broj uočenih migranata na posjećenim lokacijama je 367, od koji je 366 izjavilo da nisu smješteni ni u jednom od PPC-a u
BiH. Broj migranata uočenih u Rundi 09 je relativno nizak, što je u skladu sa prethodnom rundom.

Contact

dtmmediterranean@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring