Flow Monitoring

South Sudan — Flow Monitoring Dashboard (January 2021)

DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) surveys people on the move at key transit points within South Sudan (SSD) and at its borders. It provides an insight into mobility trends, migration drivers and traveller profiles to inform programming by humanitarian and development partners and by the government, complementing DTM’s monitoring of COVID-19 mobility restrictions. In total, 31 Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) were active in January 2021, surveying internal flows and crossborder travel with Uganda (UGA), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Sudan (SDN), Ethiopia (ETH) and the Central African Republic (CAR). Two FMPs (Rubkona bus station and Bentiu bus station) were deactivated at the end of December 2020 in Rubkona County following a re-prioritization exercise. Figures are only indicative of existing trends among respondents at the active FMPs since DTM does not have full coverage of cross-border or internal flows. Participation in the survey is voluntary and anonymous.

Please click here to access the dataset. 

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring

Europe — Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe - Overview of Trends (January — June 2020)

Between January and June 2020, 6,177 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Spain, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Malta. Of these, 2,302 (37%) were unaccompanied or separated children (UASC). Child arrivals in Greece, Italy, Bulgaria and Spain in the first half of 2020 decreased by 32% compared to the first half in 2019 (8,236).

Impact of COVID
The impact which COVID-19 has had on entire systems and population groups of course extends to refugee and migrant children. Suspension of procedures such as registration, age assessment and asylum impacted access to services for children, including guardianship, and in some contexts access to appropriate shelter. Family reunion/reunification has been delayed with the suspension of asylum procedures, consular services in third countries and limited flight options to facilitate transfers. Physical distancing and confinement measures have exacerbated previous challenges of individual oversight and case management, effective information provision to children as well as support for caregivers and parents. Access to education has been a challenge particularly in reception facilities, as refugee and migrant children may not have the same levels of connectivity for online learning, and with crowded reception conditions being far less conducive to learning than school environments. Integration may also be hindered as regular interaction in schools and with host community children and teachers has been disrupted.
Overall, heightened risk factors such as increased poverty and food insecurity, limited access to education, disruption of peer and social support networks for children/caregivers, as well as community and social support services, have had a detrimental effect on mental health and psycho-social well-being, and exacerbated the risk of violence, abuse and neglect for children, both unaccompanied and within families.

Contact

DTM Mediterranean, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Niger — Flow Monitoring Report 43 (January 2021)

In order to better understand migratory movements and trends in West and Central Africa, IOM, through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), implements the activity of Monitoring flows of populations (Flow Monitoring, FM). In Niger, the DTM collects data at 6 Flow Monitoring Point (FMP), in order to identify areas with high cross-border and intra-regional mobility and collect data on mobility trends and profiles. and journey of travelers in the country. This report presents the data obtained through the flow recording activities in January 2021, at the level of the six FMPs installed in Niger.

Contact

DTM Niger, DTMNiger@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring

Niger — Suivi de flux de population 43 (Janvier 2021)

Afin de mieux comprendre les mouvements et tendances migratoires en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre, l’OIM, à travers la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix, DTM), met en œuvre l’activité de Suivi des flux de populations (Flow Monitoring, FM). Au Niger, la DTM recueille des données à 6 Points de suivi des flux (Flow Monitoring Point, FMP), dans le but d’identifier les zones à forte mobilité transfrontalière et intra régionale et récolter des données sur les tendances de mobilités et les profils et parcours des voyageurs dans le pays. Ce rapport présente les données obtenues au travers des activités d’enregistrement des flux en Janvier 2021, au niveau des six FMP installés au Niger.

Contact

DTM Niger, DTMNiger@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring

Sénégal — Rapport sur le suivi des flux de populations 12 (Octobre — Décembre 2020)

Afin de mieux comprendre les mouvements et tendances migratoires en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre, l’OIM, à travers la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix, DTM), met en œuvre l’activité de Suivi des flux de populations (Flow Monitoring, FM). Ce rapport présente donc les données clés collectées lors des enquêtes individuelles (FMS) entre octobre et décembre 2020. Le rapport présente les lieux de provenance et de destination et les profils des individus voyageant entre le Sénégal et le Mali. Une section additionnelle fournit des informations sur la connaissance des voyageurs à propos du COVID-19, les mesures de prévention prises au cours du voyage, et les difficultés rencontrées par les voyageurs en conséquence de la crise du COVID-19.

Contact

Regional Office Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring

Cameroun — Rapport d'évaluation des besoins multisectoriels 1 (Décembre 2020)

Ce rapport présente les résultats d’une évaluation multisectorielle des besoins des populations vulnérables conduite dans l’Extrême Nord entre le 17 novembre et le 7 décembre 2020. Cette évaluation a été menée dans 888 localités des six départements de l’Extrême Nord, par un total de 102 énumérateurs, auprès de 2 578 informateurs clés. L’exercice de collecte a été mené avec le concours d’OCHA, des secteurs actifs dans l’Extrême Nord et deux ONG locales dans le but de fournir aux partenaires humanitaires une vision d’ensemble des besoins sectoriels prioritaires des populations vulnérables, y compris parmi les populations hôtes, dans les localités accueillant des populations mobiles (déplacés, retournés ou refugiés hors camp

Contact

DTM Cameroon, DTMCameroon@iom.int

Somalia — Border Point Flow Monitoring (21-27 February 2021)

In Week 9 (2021), from 21-27 February 2021, a total of 5,458 movements were observed at seven flow monitoring points (FMP) across Somalia, of which 50 per cent were incoming flows and 50 per cent were outgoing flows. DTM has also collected information to monitor the specific vulnerabilities related to coronavirus among migrants. A total of 7,257 COVID-19 cases have been reported, of which 1,240 are new cases. Additionally, 3,808 total documented recoveries from COVID-19 were reported. Thirty-five per cent of migrants reported not being aware of COVID-19. Migrants who reported not being aware of COVID-19 received a short awareness session from the DTM team. 

Contact

DTM Somalia, IOMSomaliaDTM@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring

Pakistan — Flow Monitoring Of Undocumented Afghan Returnees From Pakistan (October-December 2020)

IOM Pakistan collects data on the outflows of undocumented Afghan migrants at the Torkham and Chaman border crossing points in an effort to better understand the migration movements of undocumented Afghan migrants returning to Afghanistan from Pakistan. This report is part of the European Union funded project ‘‘Displacement Tracking Matrix Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy (DTM REMAP)”. Key findings during this reporting period are:

From October to December 2020, 1,602 undocumented Afghan migrants returned to Afghanistan, including 1,125 through the Chaman border point and 477 through the Torkham border point.

Border authorities facilitated the return of 303 individuals due to the lack of legal documentation to remain in Pakistan. Information concerning these 303 individuals is not included in the report analysis.

The average family size of returnees was 10 individuals and 12% of all returnees recorded during the reporting period were categorized as vulnerable persons.

All returnees were carrying household items, personal belongings and cash when surveyed. They also traveled with additional items, such as productive assets (80%), transportation vehicles (14%) and livestock (8%).

The top 3 challenges returnees expected to face in Afghansitan were: arranging livelihood (26%), settling into a new city (25%) and finding better income opportunities (25%).

Contact

DTM Pakistan, IOMISBDTMREMAPTEAM@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring

Pakistan — Flow Monitoring of Undocumented Afghan Migrants: Summary Report 2020

In 2020, thousands of undocumented Afghan nationals returned to Afghanistan from Pakistan. Many of those returning have lived outside Afghanistan for decades and some were born in Pakistan. This population will need support from the Afghan government and humanitarian actors, both on arrival, and as they seek to reintegrate into a country faced with widespread conflict, displacement and scarce economic opportunities. With co-funding from the European Union and the Government of Australia, IOM collects information on the volume, profiles and vulnerabilities of returnees especially undocumented Afghan migrants from Pakistan at two official border points between the two countries.
This information is collected as part of the Flow Monitoring (FM) component of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), which has been implemented in Pakistan since 2017. More specifically, FM tracks flows of migrant groups and individuals as they cross two transit locations, the Torkham and Chaman/Spin Boldak (further referred to in this report as “Chaman”) border crossings. At these locations, information on the numbers, socio-economic profiles and vulnerabilities of undocumented Afghan returnees and Afghan Citizen Card holding returnees is collected, analyzed and disseminated bi-weekly.
This report aims to contribute to a better understanding of the return movements of undocumented Afghan returnees by conducting more in-depth analysis on the data that was collected in 2020 at the Torkham and Chaman border crossings. The data, which is collected at regular intervals, gives us the unique opportunity to uncover specific trends regarding the volume of flows, profiles and vulnerabilities of undocumented Afghan returnees.

The analysis of the data, which was collected in 2020 at the two border crossing points, indicates that the number of returnees has decreased significantly in comparison to the previous year, 6,661 individuals in 2020 compared to 17,286 in 2019. Besides a variety of push and pull factors, the steep decline in return movements can also be attributed to the closure of the borders due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which made it more difficult for Afghan nationals to return to their home country.

Contact

iomisbdtmremapteam@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring

نگاهی اجمالی به پویایی جمعیتی از جمهوری اسلامی ایران به سمت اروپا

سنجش و پایش پویایی مهاجران در حال حرکت بخشی از فعالیت های سازمان بین المللی مهاجرت در آفریقای غربی، میانه، شرقی، شاخ
آقریقا، لیبی و اروپا )آلبانی، بلغارستان، بوسنی و هرزگووین، یونان، مجارستان، ایتالیا، مقدونیه شمالی و مونتنگرو، رومانی و اسپانیا( می
باشد که در چارچوب مطالعات سازمان بین المللی مهاجرت در مورد انسان های در حال حرکت از آفریقا، مدیترانه و بالکان غربی می
باشد. برای این مطالعه، داده ها در سال 2018 و از کشورهای یونان، مقدونیه شمالی، آلبانی، مونتنگرو، بوسنی و هرزگووین، ایتالیا و اسپانیا
جمع آوری شده است.
دلیل پایش پویایی جمعیتی به عنوان بخشی از فعالیت های سازمان بین المللی مهاجرت، بهبود درک از شاخصه ها، مسیرهای مهاجرتی،
دلایل مهاجرت انسان ها از طریق جمع آوری داده های جا به جایی جمعیتی در نقاط کلیدی در یک کشور، منطقه یا چند منطقه می
باشد. در ضمن، این فعالیت کمک می نماید تا آگاهی فعالان مرتبط را در زمینه نیازهای فوری و میان مدت این جمعیت ارتقا داده و از آن
طریق به ایجاد برنامه های بشر دوستانه و برنامه های تاب آوری، استراتژی های ادغام مجدد و توسعه با اطلاعات کافی در اجتماعات مبدا
یا سایر مناطق اقدام نمود. مهاجران در حال حرکت توسط کارمندان سازمان بین المللی مهاجرت مصاحبه می شوند، از طریق پرسشنامه،
به جمع آوری داده های مربوط به شاخصه های جمعیتی مهاجران از جمله سن، جنسیت، مبدا، سطح تحصی ت، وضعیت اشتغال قبل از ا
مهاجرت، نقاط عبور کلیدی، هزینه مسافرت و دلایل مهاجرت، اقدام می گردد.
این تحلیل در بر دارنده اطلاعاتی در مورد مهاجرانی می باشد که از جمهوری اس می ایران به اروپا به مهاجرت نموده و در سال 2018 ا
مصاحبه شده اند

Contact

iomiranmedia@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring