Flow Monitoring

Republic of Moldova — Displacement Surveys with Ukrainian Refugees and Third-Country Nationals (6 September - 6 October 2022)

On 24 February 2022, the Russian Federation invaded Ukraine and triggered an unprecedented humanitarian crisis and forcibly displaced people within Ukraine and to neighboring countries. The Republic of Moldova is one of the main refugee-hosting countries and a transit country for those moving onward. Between 24 February and 13 November 2022, an estimated 810,836 Ukrainian citizens entered the Republic of Moldova (according to General Inspectorate of Border Police data). During this period, while a large number of people were displaced to other European countries, approximately 95,963 refugees from Ukraine sought refuge in the Republic of Moldova (source: UNHCR web site).

In response to the refugee influx in the Republic of Moldova, the Moldovan government, with the support of the United Nations (UN) agencies, international and national non-governmental partners, have been providing support, including but not limited to, access to food and shelter, access to health services, employment opportunities and access to education for children. To inform an evidence-based response, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) conducted a displacement survey to identify basic needs and intentions of refugees from Ukraine and third-country nationals (TCNs), entering the Republic of Moldova from Ukraine since March 2022. The first round of the Displacement Survey on Intentions was conducted between 9 March and 12 May 2022 (link to report), and the second round began on 6 September 2022 and data collection is ongoing. This is the first report presenting findings from the second round of data collection.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Methdology

Survey Flow Monitoring

Pakistan — Flow Monitoring of Undocumented Afghan Returnees from Pakistan (5 - 18 November 2022)

IOM Pakistan collects data on the outflows of undocumented Afghan migrants at the Torkham and Chaman border crossing points in an effort to better understand the migration movements of undocumented Afghan migrants returning to Afghanistan from Pakistan. This exercise is part of the European Union funded project “Displacement Tracking Matrix Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy (DTM REMAP)”. Between 5 November and 18 November 2022, 2,115 undocumented Afghan nationals spontaneously returned to Afghanistan, including 640 through the Torkham border point and 1,475 through the Chaman border point. Border authorities facilitated the return of 246 individuals due to the lack of legal documentation to remain in Pakistan. Therefore, information about these individuals is not included in the count. Although IOM identified 2,115 undocumented Afghan returnees at two border crossings, this may not reflect the total number of undocumented Afghan returnees. Moreover, for this study, only the head of household or representative of the family were interviewed. This means that the number of interviews conducted by the enumerators is lower than the number of returnees recorded by IOM. Between 5 November and 18 November 2022, IOM interviewed 117 respondents.

Contact

DTM Pakistan, iomisbdtmremapteam@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Migration Along the Eastern Corridor (October 2022)

The Horn of Africa and Yemen is one of the busiest and riskiest migration corridors in the world travelled by hundreds of thousands of migrants, the majority of whom travel in an irregular manner, often relying on smugglers to facilitate movement along the Eastern Route. This regional report provides monthly updates on the complex migratory dynamics through Djibouti, Somalia, Yemen and Ethiopia based on diverse data sources and consultations with key informants in the four countries. Moreover, it provides information on the main protection concerns for migrants along the journey, information on the spill over effects of the conflict in Northern Ethiopia observed at the border between Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan, a specific focus on children and information on the returns from Saudi Arabia to Ethiopia, Somalia and Yemen.

Contact

DTM Regional Office Nairobi, DTMRONairobi@iom.int

Burkina Faso — Rapport sur le suivi des flux de populations # 51 ( OCTOBRE 2022)

L’OIM, a travers l’outil de Suivi des flux de populations (Flow Monitoring) de la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM), récolte des données à des points d’entrée, de sortie et de transit clés, afin de mieux comprendre les mouvements de populations à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. Le suivi des flux de population est une activité qui permet de quantifier et de qualifier les flux et tendances de mobilités, les profils des migrants, et les expériences et routes migratoires. Au Burkina Faso, des points de suivi des flux de populations (FMP) ont été progressivement installés sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Dori/Seytenga en février 2018, à Kantchari en mars 2018, ainsi qu'à Faramana et Yendéré en avril 2018  pour faire le suivi des flux migratoires dans le pays.​

Au Burkina Faso, le suivi des flux de population se fait au niveau des quatre FMP et vise à mettre en lumière les zones particulièrement sujettes aux migrations transfrontalières et intrarégionales.

Ce rapport présente les données recueillies aux FMP du Burkina Faso en octobre 2022.

Contact

Regional Office Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int, DTMBurkinaFaso@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Guinée — Rapport sur le suivi des flux de populations 12 (Octobre 2022)

Afin de mieux comprendre les mouvements et tendances migratoires en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre, l’OIM, à travers la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix, DTM), met en œuvre l’activité de Suivi des flux de populations (Flow Monitoring, FM). Le suivi des flux, qui est mis en œuvre en étroite collaboration avec les autorités et des partenaires nationaux et locaux, est composé de deux outils : l’enregistrement des flux (Flow Monitoring Registry, FMR) et les enquêtes individuelles (Flow Monitoring Survey, FMS). Il récolte des données clés sur les flux migratoires, les profils des voyageurs, les parcours et intentions des migrants, afin de fournir une meilleure compréhension des flux migratoires dans la région.

En octobre 2022, 25 567 voyageurs ont été observé au niveau des FMP de Boundoufourdou (préfecture de Koundara) dans le nord du pays, de Kourémalé et Nafadji (tous dans la préfecture de Siguiri) au nord-est de la Guinée. Parmi les voyageurs, 15 332 passagers sortaient de la Guinée et 10 235 individus entraient en Guinée

Contact

DTM Guinée, oimguineedtm@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Perú — Flujo de Migración Venezolana, Ronda 17 (Julio a la Agosto 2022)

Entre los meses de julio y agosto de 2022, en la frontera norte de Perú (Tumbes), la OIM observó mayores flujos de salida. En comparación con mayo y junio del 2022, habiendo un aumento de población venezolana que estaba de salida del país. Por otro lado, sobre el canal de Zarumilla, se observaron puentes clandestinos hechos de madera mediante los cuales estarían ingresando personas de manera irregular evadiendo los controles documentarios realizados por la Policía Nacional del Perú. Con base en encuestas a población venezolana en esta zona, existirían organizaciones delictivas que estarían cobrando en promedio USD 10 por cruzar la frontera a través de dichos puentes. Hasta el mes de agosto, fue posible constatar que la Fiscalía Especializada en Delitos de Trata de personas en Tumbes ha conseguido desarticular a más de 100 estructuras criminales en la zona través de 487 operativos a nivel nacional. Durante este periodo, fue posible confirmar que población venezolana que viaja con niños, niñas y adolescentes y con gran equipaje, intenta evitar el cruce directamente por el puente internacional, dado que existe mayor presencia policial que realizando controles migratorios.

Contact

DTM Peru, IOMDTMPeru@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Nigeria — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 56 (August 2022)

In Nigeria, DTM conducts Flow Monitoring activities in several important transit locations in Sokoto and Kano to monitor the movements of passenger buses to and from Niger. The Sokoto FMPs covers three migratory routes in Illela, Gada and Sabon-Birnin. And the Kano FMPs (Kofar Ruwa Park and Yankaba Park) covers two migratory routes in Dala and Nasarawa Local Government Areas in Kano state. This report presents data collected on flows, routes, provenance, destination and demographic profiles of travellers observed at the FMPs in August 2022.

During the month of August 2022, a total of 30,430 migrants were observed at the various cross-border flow monitoring points (11,601 individuals entering Nigeria through the FMPs and 18,829 individuals leaving Nigeria through the FMPs). The average daily flow was 982, down by 10 per cent from the previous month. The decrease in daily flow could be attributed to increased rainfall, resulting to flooding and damage to farmlands. This has affected the number of movements due to seasonal farming. All observed travelers were conducting a cross-border movement (38% were entering the country, while 62% were leaving the country).

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Mali — Flow Monitoring Report 81 (October 2022)

In order to gain a better understanding of mobility flows and trends, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has implemented the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s Flow Monitoring (FM) tool at key transit points across the region. Flow Monitoring activities are conducted in close cooperation with national and local authorities as well as local partners. The Flow Monitoring tool consists of two main components: the Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR), which captures key data on the volume, origin, destination and mode of travel of mobility flows, and the Flow Monitoring Survey (FMS), individual surveys conducted with travellers to gather detailed information about the profiles, migration experience and intentions of migrants. Through these activities, the Flow Monitoring tool collects data on migration flows and trends, traveller profiles, migration journeys, and intentions of migrants, so as to obtain a better understanding of mobility.

In Mali, DTM conducts Flow Monitoring activities at seven Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) located across six regions, in order to foster a better understanding of the numbers, trends, profiles, and journeys of migration flows crossing these points. 

This reports presents data collected through the Flow Monitoring Registry in October 2022. 

Contact

DTM Mali, DTMMali@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

Mali — Rapport sur le suivi des flux de populations 81 (Octobre 2022)

Afin de mieux comprendre les mouvements et tendances migratoires, l’OIM, à travers la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix, DTM), met en œuvre l’activité de Suivi des flux de populations (Flow Monitoring, FM). 

Le suivi des flux, qui est mis en œuvre en étroite collaboration avec les autorités et des partenaires nationaux et locaux, est composé de deux outils: l’enregistrement des flux (Flow Monitoring Registry, FMR), qui recueille des données clés sur l’ampleur, la provenance, la destination et les modalités des flux de mobilité, et les enquêtes individuelles (Flow Monitoring Survey, FMS), conduites auprès des voyageurs afin d’obtenir des informations sur les profils, parcours migratoires, et intentions des migrants. Le suivi des flux de populations récolte ainsi des données sur les flux et tendances migratoires, les profils des voyageurs et les parcours et intentions des migrants, afin de fournir une meilleure compréhension des mobilités. 

Au Mali, la DTM recueille des données au niveau de 7 Points de suivi des flux (Flow Monitoring Points, FMP), répartis dans 6 régions afin d’obtenir une meilleure compréhension de l’ampleur, des tendances, des caractéristiques socio-démographiques et des parcours des flux de voyageurs traversant ces différents points.

Ce rapport présente les données recueillies dans le cadre des activités d’enregistrement des flux durant le mois de octobre 2022.

Contact

DTM Mali, DTMMali@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring