The Central Sahel area, and in particular the Liptako Gourma region, which borders Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, is affected by a complex crisis involving growing competition over dwindling resources; climatic variability; demographic pressure; high levels of poverty; disaffection and a lack of livelihood opportunities; communal tensions; the absence of state institutions and basic services; and violence related to organized crime and Non-State Armed Groups. The crisis has led to the death of an estimated 5,000 people in 2021 (as of 31 December) and triggered significant displacement of populations in the four affected countries.
As of 30 September 2022, 2,712,679 individuals have been displaced, including 2,492,514 Internally Displaced Persons (92% of the displaced population) and 220,165 Refugees (8% of the displaced population). Seventy-two per cent of the displaced population (1,928,759 individuals) were located in Burkina Faso, while 16 per cent resided in Mali (461,751 individuals), 9 per cent in Niger (231,929 individuals) and 3 per cent in Mauritania (90,240 individuals).
NB: Displacements may also be linked to the crisis affecting Northern Mali since 2012.