IOM works with national and local authorities in order to gain a better understanding of population movements throughout Southern Africa. Through the setup of Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs), IOM seeks to quantify migration flows, trends and routes and to gain a better understanding of the profiles of observed individuals at entry, transit or exit points (such as border crossing posts, bus stations, rest areas, police checkpoints and reception centres). This report is an overview of the data collected in these FMPs from 1 to 28 February 2022.
Inter-regional migration from and within the Southern Africa is categorized along the following corridors. The Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) were set-up in several key transit locations along the corridors to track the movements of passengers:
•Zimbabwe (Mutare) – Mozambique (Manica)
•Zimbabwe – Zambia (Chirundu)
•Zimbabwe – Botswana (Plumtree)
•Zimbabwe (Beitbridge) – South Africa
•Malawi (Mchinji) - Zambia (Mwami)
•Malawi (Karonga ) – United Republic of Tanzania
•Malawi (Mwanza) – Mozambique (Zobue)
•Malawi (Mulanje) – Mozambique
•Mozambique (Ressano Garcia) – South Africa
In February 2022, a new corridor was established in the South Africa – Mozambique border, with enumeration activities taking place in the FMP Ressano Garcia FMP.
Over the reporting period a total of 58,820 movements were observed across 45 FMPs in the region. The Zimbabwe – South Africa corridor hosted the largest number of movements with 38,659 (66%) followed by the Malawi (Mwanza) – Mozambique (Zobue) corridor with 7,606 (13%) and the Zimbabwe – Zambia corridor with 4,043 movements reported (7%).