In Pakistan, IOM's DTM implementation started in 2010 as part of the response to Flood Emergency. Since then, the implementation has evolved into preparedness measure. In 2017, it also implemented flow monitoring activities, where DTM collects information at two official border points to identify cross-border mobility patterns and profiles of mobile populations. IOM Pakistan continues operations at two DTM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in Torkham and Chaman with complimentary joint funding. Flow monitoring dashboards capture information on demographics of groups crossing the border with Afghanistan, with detailed analysis on migration flows. It also includes push and pull factors behind decisions to return, information on the journey (routes, mode of transport and intermediaries) as well as data on return intentions, expectations and perceptions of individuals returning to Afghanistan. These informative dashboards are prepared bi-weekly and circulated amongst all operational partners including government counterparts, UN and donor agencies, humanitarian partners and other relevant stakeholders.
The key finding of this report is that motivations for Pakistani emigration revolve primarily around seeking better livelihood and income opportunities. This is reinforced by the historical relevance of labour migration out of Pakistan as well as previous data collection and analyses by IOM DTM.
IOM Pakistan’s 2017 Return Intentions Survey (RIS) provides comprehensive data on the profiles, vulnerabilities, return intentions and critical needs of undocumented Afghan nationals living in Pakistan.