In Pakistan, IOM's DTM implementation started in 2010 as part of the response to Flood Emergency. Since then, the implementation has evolved into preparedness measure. In 2017, it also implemented flow monitoring activities, where DTM collects information at two official border points to identify cross-border mobility patterns and profiles of mobile populations. IOM Pakistan continues operations at two DTM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in Torkham and Chaman with complimentary joint funding. Flow monitoring dashboards capture information on demographics of groups crossing the border with Afghanistan, with detailed analysis on migration flows. It also includes push and pull factors behind decisions to return, information on the journey (routes, mode of transport and intermediaries) as well as data on return intentions, expectations and perceptions of individuals returning to Afghanistan. These informative dashboards are prepared bi-weekly and circulated amongst all operational partners including government counterparts, UN and donor agencies, humanitarian partners and other relevant stakeholders.
This report is based on data collected through DTM’s Comprehensive Migration Flow Survey (CMFS) is based on the collection of primary data, which provides information on migration flows towards Europe from Afghanistan whilst focusing on eight them
A consistent trend to return to areas of origin is observed; however, 6,151 families remained displaced in Sindh and Balochistan, with inaccessible place of origin cited as the main impediment to return (82%), and majority of IDPs fearing they will remain displaced for at least 1 to 3 months.
111 temporary settlements hosting 16,926 individuals (2,870 families) have been identified in Ghotki, Larkana, Qamber Shahdadkot and Sukkur. 95% are spontaneous settlements and no instances of planned tent sites were found in these districts.
This dashboard displays information as of 8 March 2012 by cluster consisting of a map and data represented in graphs.
TSSU recorded nine temporary settlements (TS) with 189 families (1,020 individuals). All nine settlements are spontaneous without camp management or site management agency. Four TSs indicate they will stay one-three months, five indicate that they will remain for three or more months.
In Umerkot district TSSU recorded 44 temporary settlements (TS) with 1,073 families (5,841 individuals). All 44 settlements are spontaneous, with no camp management or site management agency. 44% TSs indicate they will stay 1-3 months, 33% indicate 3 months or more.