In Pakistan, IOM's DTM implementation started in 2010 as part of the response to Flood Emergency. Since then, the implementation has evolved into preparedness measure. In 2017, it also implemented flow monitoring activities, where DTM collects information at two official border points to identify cross-border mobility patterns and profiles of mobile populations. IOM Pakistan continues operations at two DTM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in Torkham and Chaman with complimentary joint funding. Flow monitoring dashboards capture information on demographics of groups crossing the border with Afghanistan, with detailed analysis on migration flows. It also includes push and pull factors behind decisions to return, information on the journey (routes, mode of transport and intermediaries) as well as data on return intentions, expectations and perceptions of individuals returning to Afghanistan. These informative dashboards are prepared bi-weekly and circulated amongst all operational partners including government counterparts, UN and donor agencies, humanitarian partners and other relevant stakeholders.
The Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are part of the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities in the Mediterranean region, which started in October 2015 and are conducted within the framework of IOM’s research on populations on the move through the Mediterrane
With the increasing importance of Europe as a destination country for Pakistani nationals, the objective of the Survey on Drivers of Migration: Migrants in Europe During COVID-19 (SDM 2) is to present a snapshot of Pakistani migrants (e
The surveys with migrants en route are part of the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) data collection activities in West and Central Africa, East and Horn of Africa, Libya and Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Hungary, Italy, North Ma
Since 2017, DTM Pakistan has collected data on return movements of undocumented Afghan returnees from Pakistan at two official border points (Torkham and Chaman/Spin Boldak) between the two countries.
The key finding of this report is that motivations for Pakistani emigration revolve primarily around seeking better livelihood and income opportunities. This is reinforced by the historical relevance of labour migration out of Pakistan as well as previous data collection and analyses by IOM DTM.
IOM Pakistan’s 2017 Return Intentions Survey (RIS) provides comprehensive data on the profiles, vulnerabilities, return intentions and critical needs of undocumented Afghan nationals living in Pakistan.
This desk review report is the output of the first phase of IOM’s project implementation on data collection to enable a better understanding of migration flows from Afghanistan and Pakistan towards Europe.
A consistent trend to return to areas of origin is observed; however, 6,151 families remained displaced in Sindh and Balochistan, with inaccessible place of origin cited as the main impediment to return (82%), and majority of IDPs fearing they will remain displaced for at least 1 to 3 months.
111 temporary settlements hosting 16,926 individuals (2,870 families) have been identified in Ghotki, Larkana, Qamber Shahdadkot and Sukkur. 95% are spontaneous settlements and no instances of planned tent sites were found in these districts.