In Pakistan, IOM's DTM implementation started in 2010 as part of the response to Flood Emergency. Since then, the implementation has evolved into preparedness measure. In 2017, it also implemented flow monitoring activities, where DTM collects information at two official border points to identify cross-border mobility patterns and profiles of mobile populations. IOM Pakistan continues operations at two DTM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in Torkham and Chaman with complimentary joint funding. Flow monitoring dashboards capture information on demographics of groups crossing the border with Afghanistan, with detailed analysis on migration flows. It also includes push and pull factors behind decisions to return, information on the journey (routes, mode of transport and intermediaries) as well as data on return intentions, expectations and perceptions of individuals returning to Afghanistan. These informative dashboards are prepared bi-weekly and circulated amongst all operational partners including government counterparts, UN and donor agencies, humanitarian partners and other relevant stakeholders.
This report is based on data collected through DTM’s Comprehensive Migration Flow Survey (CMFS) is based on the collection of primary data, which provides information on migration flows towards Europe from Afghanistan whilst focusing on eight them
Since 2017, DTM Pakistan has collected data on return movements of undocumented Afghan returnees from Pakistan at two official border points (Torkham and Chaman/Spin Boldak).
This map provides information on the districts of origin in Pakistan and the intended provinces of destination in Afghanistan during the period between January 1 and 31 December 2019.
Since 2017, DTM Pakistan has collected data on return movements of undocumented Afghan returnees from Pakistan at two official border points (Torkham and Chaman/Spin Boldak) between the two countries.
The key finding of this report is that motivations for Pakistani emigration revolve primarily around seeking better livelihood and income opportunities. This is reinforced by the historical relevance of labour migration out of Pakistan as well as previous data collection and analyses by IOM DTM.
Overall there have been 1,926 returnees passing through Torkham and Chaman since January 2020. Over the past weeks, 0 Undocumented Afghans returned due to the closure of the Afghan-Pakistan frontier.
Overall there have been 1,926 returnees passing through Torkham and Chaman since January 2020. A total of six undocumented Afghan individuals returned to Afghanistan through the Torkham border crossing, whereas none through Chaman/Spin Boldak.