In Pakistan, IOM's DTM implementation started in 2010 as part of the response to Flood Emergency. Since then, the implementation has evolved into preparedness measure. In 2017, it also implemented flow monitoring activities, where DTM collects information at two official border points to identify cross-border mobility patterns and profiles of mobile populations. IOM Pakistan continues operations at two DTM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in Torkham and Chaman with complimentary joint funding. Flow monitoring dashboards capture information on demographics of groups crossing the border with Afghanistan, with detailed analysis on migration flows. It also includes push and pull factors behind decisions to return, information on the journey (routes, mode of transport and intermediaries) as well as data on return intentions, expectations and perceptions of individuals returning to Afghanistan. These informative dashboards are prepared bi-weekly and circulated amongst all operational partners including government counterparts, UN and donor agencies, humanitarian partners and other relevant stakeholders.
A consistent trend to return to areas of origin is observed; however, 6,151 families remained displaced in Sindh and Balochistan, with inaccessible place of origin cited as the main impediment to return (82%), and majority of IDPs fearing they will remain displaced for at least 1 to 3 months.
111 temporary settlements hosting 16,926 individuals (2,870 families) have been identified in Ghotki, Larkana, Qamber Shahdadkot and Sukkur. 95% are spontaneous settlements and no instances of planned tent sites were found in these districts.
This dashboard displays information as of 8 March 2012 by cluster consisting of a map and data represented in graphs.
In Umerkot district TSSU recorded 44 temporary settlements (TS) with 1,073 families (5,841 individuals). All 44 settlements are spontaneous, with no camp management or site management agency. 44% TSs indicate they will stay 1-3 months, 33% indicate 3 months or more.
TSSU recorded nine temporary settlements (TS) with 189 families (1,020 individuals). All nine settlements are spontaneous without camp management or site management agency. Four TSs indicate they will stay one-three months, five indicate that they will remain for three or more months.
This dashboard displays key TSSU information as of 2 February 2012 consisting of a map and data represented in graphs.
This dashboard displays information as of 2 February 2012 by cluster consisting of a map and data represented in graphs.
According to the fifth phase of the TSSU assessment, there are 241 settlements with 10,379 families (55,953 individuals). 80% of all temporary settlements (TS) are spontaneous and 14% are planned tent sites. 92% of TSs have no official camp management structure.