Since 2014, the Lac Chad Basin region has been affected by multiple incidents and threats, causing the displacement of millions of persons in
the region including internal displaced people and refugees. Affected populations have moved away from their usual place of residence, to settle in areas that are more or less secure, fearing for their lives and those of their families. This situation led to the deterioration of social cohesion and to the installation of mistrust among the different population groups. Besides the insecurity, the region is also affected by the phenomena of disasters (drought, floods etc) triggered by climate change, destroying the houses and agricultural farms of vulnerable populations already living in a difficult situation. The most affected populations are children, women, and elder persons with different vulnerabilities. The security situation and the disaster events have a negative impact on the livelihoods and
the economy of the region, reducing the opportunities for host communities and displaced populations to have a better life.
Dec 31 2022
- Flow Monitoring Survey
- Flow Monitoring
In order to gain a better understanding of mobility flows and trends throughout West and Central Africa, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) implements the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s Flow Monitoring (FM) tool at key transit points across the region.
Flow Monitoring activities are conducted in close cooperation with national and local authorities as well as with local partners. The Flow Monitoring tool consists of two main components: the Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR), which captures key data on the magnitude, origin, destination and mode of travel of mobility flows, and the Flow Monitoring Survey (FMS), for which individual surveys are conducted with travellers to gather detailed information about the profiles, migration experience and intentions of migrants. Through these activities, the Flow Monitoring tool collects data on migration flows and trends, traveller profiles, migration journeys and intentions of migrants in order to obtain a deeper view of mobility in West and Central Africa.
In The Gambia, DTM conducts Flow Monitoring activities at several important transit locations: in 1) Barra (FMPs are located at the ferry terminal and the main garage);
2) Farafenni (FMPs are located at Farafenni main garage, Farafenni Ballan-Ghar garage, Farafenni McCarthy and Sanjally garage, Farafenni turntable garage and the truck garage); 3) Basse (FMPs are situated at the main garage and the bus station in Basse Santa-Su) and 4) Brikama (FMPs are located at the main garage and the Bus station).
This activities enable DTM to monitor the movements of passenger within The Gambia, out of and towards The Gambia as well as transiting The Gambia.
This report presents the key results from the Flow Monitoring Survey conducted with travellers between 1st October to 16th December 2022. The report presents data collected on flows, routes, provenance, destination and demographic profiles of travellers observed at the FMPs.
Additional information on Flow Monitoring methodology is available on the last page.
Dec 01 2022
- Site Assessment
To assess the drought-induced mobility and identify the most urgent sectoral needs experienced by drought-affected communities, the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)-Mobility Tracking and Multi-sectoral Location Assessment (MSLA) has been rolled out in Isiolo County.
Through this first assessment round in Isiolo, IOM has gathered basic information on population mobility dynamics and their sectoral needs, namely livelihoods, Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Health, Emergency Shelters, Non-Food Items (NFIs) and Education. The data collection was conducted across the entire three sub-counties of Isiolo County by enumerators in 10 Wards, 88 sub-locations and 566 settlements.
- Mobility Tracking
- Event Tracking
The DTM Emergency Event Tracking (EET) is deployed to track sudden displacement and population movements, provide more frequent updates on the scale of displacement, and quantify the aﬀected population when needed. As a subcomponent of the new Mobility Tracking methodology in Sudan (Round Five), and activated on a need basis, EET utilises a broad network of key informants to capture best estimates of the aﬀected population presence per location – a useful tool for humanitarian response planning and design.
Nov 25 2022
- Event Tracking
The Haitian capital, Port-au-Prince, has experienced an increase in the intensity of violence linked to inter-gang, gang-police and social conflicts since mid-2021. This has resulted in widespread insecurity in the Port-au-Prince Metropolitan Area and has been associated with large-scale urban displacement and an increase in humanitarian priority needs. This report presents the findings from nearly six months (1 May – 25 November 2022) of data collected by the International Organization for Migration (IOM)’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and the Haitian Directorate General for Civil Protection, which have launched an early warning system to gather data on displacement, humanitarian shocks and basic protection indicators on an ongoing basis.
The early warning system recorded a total of 56,883 individual movement of internally displaced people and 42,439 individual arrivals throughout the assessment period. Key shocks experienced in the Haitian capital include generalized and targeted violence, the indirect effects of insecurity and flooding with peaks in violent shocks experienced in May and July and widespread insecurity identified throughout September and October. The socioeconomic situation of the ZMPP has been characterised by persistent increases in the price of food and non food items and high proportions of the population being unable to afford basic necessities.
Dec 31 2022
- Flow Monitoring
IOM Pakistan collects data on the outflows of undocumented Afghan nationals at the Torkham and Chaman border crossing points in an effort to better understand the migration movements of undocumented Afghan nationals returning to Afghanistan from Pakistan. This report is part of the European Union funded project ‘‘Displacement Tracking Matrix Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy (DTM REMAP)”. Key findings during this reporting period are:
• Between October and December 2022, 15,803 undocumented Afghan nationals spontaneously returned to Afghanistan, including 3,679 through the Torkham border point and 12,124 through the Chaman border point. Border authorities facilitated the return of 1266 individuals due to the lack of legal documentation to remain in Pakistan. Therefore, information concerning these 843 individuals is not included in the count.
• Although IOM identified 15,803 undocumented Afghan returnees at two border crossings, this may not reflect the total number of undocumented Afghan returnees. Moreover, for this study, only the head of household or representative of the family were interviewed. This means that the number of interviews conducted by the enumerators is lower than the number of returnees recorded by IOM. Between October and December 2022, IOM interviewed 988 respondents.
• The average family size of returnees was 7 individuals and 7 per cent of all returnees recorded during the reporting period were categorized as vulnerable persons.
• All returnees were carrying personal belongings when surveyed. They also traveled with additional items, such as household items (99%), cash (98%), productive assets (91%), transportation vehicles (2%) and livestock (1%).
• The top 3 challenges returnees expected to face in Afghanistan were: arranging livelihood, settling into a new city and finding better income opportunities.