Dec 31 2022
The transhumant livestock system is an ancient practice of migratory pastoralism between Sahelian countries towards coastal ones. These Sahelian countries are faced with vulnerability factors (security crisis, irregular rainfall, competition over natural resources) that threaten their sustainability, weaken their capacity to adapt and provoke tensions between communities that sometimes result in deadly conflicts.
To better understand transhumance movements trends and the impact of vulnerabilities on transhumant communities, IOM has developed the Transhumance Tracking Tool (TTT) through its Displacement Tracking Matrix DTM, with the Bilital Maroobe Network (RBM) and its “members, the pastoralist organisations”, to monitor transhumance in cross-border areas in countries where RBM operates.
In the framework of this project, the TTT provides an understanding of the dynamics of cross-border transhumance between Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria and Mali by combining three components: mapping, counting and alerting.
The purpose of the alert system is to identify events related to the use of natural resources, agro-pastoral practices, and disasters in the cross-border area of different countries, to understand existing conflict resolution methods, and to inform competent authorities to reduce tensions in the municipalities of intervention. This system makes it possible to identify alerts related to a conflict event (event alert) or to a massive, early, late or unexpected movement of livestock (prevention alert) that could lead to conflict. These alerts, once transmitted to the various actors, are used for conflict prevention or actions towards resolutions. This report presents data from the alert tool for the months of November to December 2022
Jan 31 2023
- Mobility Tracking
- Event Tracking
Depuis quelques mois, la République Démocratique du Congo, en particulier la province du Nord Kivu, est affectée par des crises sécuritaires et humanitaires liées au conflit armé entre les Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo (FARDC) et le Mouvement du 23 mars (M23), qui a un impact considérable sur certaines zones, notamment les territoires de Rutshuru, Nyiragongo et récemment Masisi. Malgré une accalmie relative des hostilités à grande échelle au cours de la seconde moitié du mois de décembre 2022 et le retrait militaire du groupe de certaines zones contrôlées, notamment depuis les négociations régionaux des États d'Afrique de l'Est (EAS), les conflits ont continué à affecter les communautés et à provoquer de nouveaux déplacements dans la province (ETT # 108 et 109), notamment au cours du mois de janvier 2023.
Dec 31 2022
- Displacement Solutions
- Rapid Emergency Registration
- Mobility Tracking
DTM team uses Rapid Displacement Tracking (RDT) to collect data on the number of Yemeni households (HHs) forced to flee on a daily basis due to conflict, natural disaster or other reasons. This allows DTM to produce regular reporting of occurrences of displacement in terms of numbers, locations and priority needs on weekly bases.
RDT methodology was used to track displacement events in terms of numbers of households of internally displaced persons (IDPs) between January and December 2022. The aim of this tool is to provide timely and actionable data on new population movements only and does not capture total numbers of IDPs in terms of population sizes.
DTM recorded 10,135 household displacements (representing approximately 60,810 IDPs) who fled mainly due to conflict (85%;8,620 HHs), followed by economic reasons related to conflict
(12%; 1,237 HHs) and natural disasters (3%; 276 HHs) in 2022. This data only represents displacement events that took place within the year and excludes any households displaced previously who remain in displacement or who have returned. With the exception of August, DTM did not record more than 1,000 households displaced per month as of April 2022 – a first since June 2021.
Displacement due to insecurity caused by conflict can be further split into combat and shelling (49% of total displacement) and general insecure conditions (36%). Among economic reasons linked to conflict, unemployment or salary cuts were the most frequently mentioned (7%). Rain and floods made up nearly all answers provided under the category of natural disaster (3%).
This document presents the resumption of migration from the coasts of West Africa to the Canary Islands (Spain). This route, already active in 2006, saw an increasing number of movements in 2022. The risks, deaths and disappearances following shipwrecks are also on the rise along the Atlantic coasts.
Between January and December 2022, 15,682 people reached the Canary Islands irregularly after crossing by boat from the coasts of West Africa, a decrease of 30%, or 6,634 people compared to 2021 (22,316). It is the first time since the increase in crossings was first recorded in 2019 that this number has fallen.
Nevertheless, risks and dangers along the West African Atlantic route remain and 45 shipwrecks were recorded along this route in 2022, resulting in the death or disappearance of 543 migrants.