Storms and heavy monsoon rains in Pakistan have caused widespread flooding and landslides across the country.
This yearly summary report, in addition to bi-weekly and quarterly reports, aims to contribute to a better understanding of return movements of undocumented Afghan returnees by conducting more in-depth analysis on the data that was collected in 2021.
This report is part of the outputs under the European Union funded project “Displacement Tracking Matrix Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy (DTM REMAP)”.
The Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are part of the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities in the Mediterranean region, which started in October 2015 and are conducted within the framework of IOM’s research on populations on the move through the Mediterranean and Western Balkan Routes
With the increasing importance of Europe as a destination country for Pakistani nationals, the objective of the Survey on Drivers of Migration: Migrants in Europe During COVID-19 (SDM 2) is to present a snapshot of Pakistani migrants (either in transit locations or final destinations) in Eu
The surveys with migrants en route are part of the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) data collection activities in West and Central Africa, East and Horn of Africa, Libya and Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Hungary, Italy, North Macedonia, Montenegro,Romani
Since 2017, DTM Pakistan has collected data on return movements of undocumented Afghan returnees from Pakistan at two official border points (Torkham and Chaman/Spin Boldak) between the two countries.
The key finding of this report is that motivations for Pakistani emigration revolve primarily around seeking better livelihood and income opportunities. This is reinforced by the historical relevance of labour migration out of Pakistan as well as previous data collection and analyses by IOM DTM.