Data collection round
On January 12th 2010, an earthquake of 7.0 magnitude hit Haiti, resulting in the destruction of more than 300,000 buildings and the displacement of 1.5 million people. Following this destructive earthquake, and as the lead Camp Coordination/Camp Management agency, IOM took the initiative to develop a unified displacement data management process, called the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). A comprehensive multi-sectoral tracking system was applied as a monitoring tool to track the IDP population on basic conditions in IDP sites, and camp-like settlements in support of the Emergency Shelter and Camp Coordination and Camp Management (E-Shelter/CCCM) Cluster and other humanitarian and recovery actors in Haiti. IOM implements the DTM in partnership with the Government of Haiti (GoH) through the Directorate of Civil Protection (DPC in French).
The total displaced population reported in July 2011 has not changed substantially compared to the estimates in May 2011.
The total population reported in May 2011 has not changed substantially from figures released in the previous report. Only a 7% decrease has been observed. (Approximately 680,000 individuals in March compared to 634,000 individuals reported this period: a difference of approximately 46,000).
There is a steady downward trend in IDP population living in IDP sites, albeit at a slower pace when compared to previous reporting periods. Compared to the population reported in July 2010, total IDP figures (individuals) have reduced by 56%.
The IDP population is consistently reducing, with 50% of the originally displaced in July 2010, currently reported to be living in IDP sites.
Between the 25 October and 30 November, DTM field assessments were conducted in 1,356 IDP sites, of which 1,199 were confirmed as having IDP households living on the site.