Suivi des PDI
Population de rapatriés
cycle de collecte de données
À propos Ethiopia
Ethiopia faces one of the most complex human mobility environments in the world, with a range of social, economic, political, and climatic factors driving populations within and outside its borders.
IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is a system that monitors human mobility within Ethiopia to provide essential insights into the location, vulnerabilities, demographic breakdown and needs of displaced and mobile populations to provide the Government of Ethiopia, humanitarian and development partners, as well as donors and other relevant stakeholders with a useful evidence base for planning, advocacy, and response.
Since its launch in September 2016 in Ethiopia, the DTM has grown to be a fully integrated component of Ethiopia’s national and sub-national information management architecture, as it is the official source of data on internal displacement in the country.
In Ethiopia, mobility tracking captures internal displacement and return through three annual rounds of Site Assessments (focused on IDPs and the availability of services in their areas of displacement) as well as returning IDPs through the Village Assessment Surveys (focused on host community capacity to absorb returns targeting IDPs, returning IDPs, returned migrants and host community members and their access to services with a focus on livelihoods and reintegration). Mobility tracking data is largely used to inform humanitarian response and development planning and as such is coordinated with both humanitarian and development actors in country as well as with the Ethiopia Disaster Risk Management Commission. Flow Monitoring captures inter-and intra-regional migration flows daily at key identified transit locations. This information is largely used to inform more developmental programming including migrant assistance and protection programming. This data is also shared with humanitarian and development counterparts in the country and is collected in close coordination with the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. Both DTM components intend to provide an evidence-base for programming and policy that is increasingly integrated and area-based. In addition to mobility tracking and flow monitoring, DTM Ethiopia also deploys thematic household level surveys to provide representative, granular information which can be triangulated with pre-existing DTM data collected through key informants and focus group discussions. This data enables the humanitarian and development communities to obtain important insight into the needs, conditions, vulnerabilities, and intentions of IDPs which can be particularly useful in informing programs, especially with regards to durable solutions, livelihoods, and other Humanitarian Development Nexus (HDN) related programming and policy initiatives.
DTM Ethiopia currently deploys over 200 staff and enumerators to track displacement, returns and migrant movements in the country.
DTM Ethiopia, DTMEthiopia@iom.int
13,519 displaced individuals comprising 4,109 households in 59 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region.
50,619 displaced individuals comprising 8,780 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in Afar region.
The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 604 sites which reportedly opened in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8). Conflict was reported as the primary driver of displacement (1,773,482IDPs), followed by displacement due to climate induced factors (498,417IDPs).
From April to July 2018 a localized conflict in Gedeo and West Guji zones caused the displacement of 958,175 people. Of these, an estimated 166,792 individuals were displaced in West Guji while 791,383 individuals were reportedly displaced in Gedeo.
907,525 displaced individuals comprising 143,901 households in 466 displacement sites were identified in Oromia region.
21,073 displaced individuals comprising 3,226 households in 14 displacement sites were identified in GAMBELLA region.
1,016,166 displaced individuals comprising 168,246 households in 388 displacement sites were identified in SOMALI region. These figures
49,552 displaced individuals comprising 20,842 households in 103 displacement sites were identified in TIGRAY region.
48,337 displaced individuals comprising 8,816 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in AFAR region. These figures represent a decrease of 5,243 in the total individuals (-9.79%) a decrease of 98 households (-1.10%) and no increase in sites since round 12 July/August 2018.
11,821 displaced individuals comprising 3,732 households in 47 displacement sites were identified in AMHARA region.
The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 599 sites reportedly opening in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8).
The interactive site profile generator can be used to create site profiles for any site assessed in the round. Simply select the site you wish to have a profile for and generate the new file.
30,114 displaced individuals comprising 11,316 households in 85 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region.
823,664 displaced individuals comprising 138,740 households in 459 displacement sites were identified in Oromia region.
53,580 displaced individuals comprising 8,914 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in AFAR region*. These figures represent an increase of 179 in the total individuals (0.34%) and no increase in sites since round 11 (May/June 2018).
5,783 displaced individuals comprising 1,500 households in 34 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region.
12,735 displaced individuals comprising 2,545 households in 13 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region.
1,091,210 displaced individuals comprising 179,526 households in 385 displacement sites were identified in Somali region.
The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 596 sites reportedly opening in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8).
The site profile generator is a spreadsheet which can create site profiles for all sites covered in Round 12.
The DTM Rapid Response Site Assessment tool is designed to provide detailed information at site level for emergencies occuring outside the DTM Mobility Tracking data collection periods.
DTM Rapid Response Assessments are designed to provide up-to-date information on large scale population displacement occurring outside the DTM Mobility Tracking data collection periods.
The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 618 sites reportedly opening in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8).
The site profile generator is a spreadsheet which can create site profiles for all sites covered during the round 11.