Data collection round
Ethiopia faces one of the most complex human mobility environments in the world, with a range of social, economic, political, and climatic factors driving populations within and outside its borders.
IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is a system that monitors human mobility within Ethiopia to provide essential insights into the location, vulnerabilities, demographic breakdown and needs of displaced and mobile populations to provide the Government of Ethiopia, humanitarian and development partners, as well as donors and other relevant stakeholders with a useful evidence base for planning, advocacy, and response.
Since its launch in September 2016 in Ethiopia, the DTM has grown to be a fully integrated component of Ethiopia’s national and sub-national information management architecture, as it is the official source of data on internal displacement in the country.
In Ethiopia, mobility tracking captures internal displacement and return through three annual rounds of Site Assessments (focused on IDPs and the availability of services in their areas of displacement) as well as returning IDPs through the Village Assessment Surveys (focused on host community capacity to absorb returns targeting IDPs, returning IDPs, returned migrants and host community members and their access to services with a focus on livelihoods and reintegration). Mobility tracking data is largely used to inform humanitarian response and development planning and as such is coordinated with both humanitarian and development actors in country as well as with the Ethiopia Disaster Risk Management Commission. Flow Monitoring captures inter-and intra-regional migration flows daily at key identified transit locations. This information is largely used to inform more developmental programming including migrant assistance and protection programming. This data is also shared with humanitarian and development counterparts in the country and is collected in close coordination with the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. Both DTM components intend to provide an evidence-base for programming and policy that is increasingly integrated and area-based. In addition to mobility tracking and flow monitoring, DTM Ethiopia also deploys thematic household level surveys to provide representative, granular information which can be triangulated with pre-existing DTM data collected through key informants and focus group discussions. This data enables the humanitarian and development communities to obtain important insight into the needs, conditions, vulnerabilities, and intentions of IDPs which can be particularly useful in informing programs, especially with regards to durable solutions, livelihoods, and other Humanitarian Development Nexus (HDN) related programming and policy initiatives.
DTM Ethiopia currently deploys over 200 staff and enumerators to track displacement, returns and migrant movements in the country.
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The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 615 sites which reportedly opened in 2017. Conflict was reported as the primary driver of displacement (1,073,764 IDPs), followed by displacement due to conflict induced factors (488,090 IDPs).
6,888 displaced individuals comprising 1,475 households in 25 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region. These figures represent a decrease of 5,212 in the total individuals (-43.07%) a decrease of 937 households (-38%) since round 9 (January/February 2018).
12,277 displaced individuals comprising 2,453 households in 11 displacement sites were identified in GAMBELLA region.
764,145 displaced individuals comprising127,299 households in 347 displacement sites were identified in Somali region.
12,100 displaced individuals comprising 2,412 households in 23 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region. These figures represent an increase of 531 in the total individuals (+4.59%) an increase of 29 households (+1.22%) and 1 site (+4.55%) since round 8 (November/December 2017).
832,652 displaced individuals comprising 127,920 households in 338 displacement sites were identified in Somali region.
22,488 displaced individuals comprising 7,941 households in 60 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region.
In the Gambella Region, DTM identified 22,909 displaced individuals comprising 4,582 households in 17 displacement sites. These figures represent an increase of 1,339 in the total individuals (+6.21%) an increase of 268 households (+6.21%) and a decrease of 4 sites (-19.05%) since Round 8 (Novemb
777,665 displaced individuals comprising 126,920 households in 418 displacement sites were identified in Oromia region.
52,723 displaced individuals comprising 8,788 households in 55 displacement sites were identified in Afar region.
The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017, with 621 reportedly opening that year (DTM Rounds 3-8). Conflict was reported as the primary driver of displacement (1,217,793 IDPs), followed by climate-induced factors (494,256 IDPs).
52,933 displaced individuals comprising 8,828 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in Afar region. These figures represent a decrease of 2,152 in the total individuals (4%) and households (14%) since round 7 (September/October). The number of sites remained the same.
11,569 displaced individuals comprising 2,383 households in 22 displacement sites were identified in the Amhara region.
772,242 displaced individuals comprising 124,982 households in 369 displacement sites were identified in Oromia region, which represents an increase of 46% in individuals and 53% in households. 79% of sites opened in 2017 and 27% of sites reported no access to food.
20,752 displaced individuals comprising 7,621 households in 61 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region. These figures represent an increase of 1,317 in the total individuals (4%), households (4.8%) and sites (3%) since round 7. Only 7 of the 61 sites opened in 2017.
806,913 displaced individuals comprising 118,719 households in 331 displacement sites were identified in Somali region. These figures represent an increase of 123,692 in the total individuals (18%), households (11%) and sites (4%) since round 7. 68% sites opened in 2017.
In the Gambella Region, DTM identified 21,570 displaced individuals comprising 4,314 households in 21 displacement sites. These figures represent an increase of 1,578 individuals (8%), 490 households (13%) but a decrease of 2 sites (-9%) since round 7 (September/October 2017).
The DTM data collection was conducted in collaboration with the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) between November 3rd and December 8th 2017. The majority of the recorded population were displaced in 2017, with 553 sites reportedly opened that year.
This desk review report is part of the outputs of the first phase of IOM’s project implementation on data collection to enable a better understanding of migration flows from Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan and Somalia towards Europe, a collaborative effort by DTM support team and r