The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is an information management system of tools and methodologies used to track and monitor displacement and population mobility. In Afghanistan, IOM activated the DTM programme in January 2017 in response to the substantial increase of Afghans returning home from neighbouring countries, as well as record levels of internal displacement. DTM in Afghanistan is designed to regularly and systematically capture, process and disseminate multi-layered information about the population sizes, locations, geographic distribution, movements, vulnerabilities, evolving multisectoral needs, and the drivers of migration of returnees, IDPs, migrants and mobile populations. DTM implements baseline mobility assessments, flow monitoring, registrations, and various migration surveys to provide an essential evidence base that enables decision-makers and humanitarian, reintegration and development partners to maximize resources and deliver efficient, better-targeted, mobility-sensitive and sustainable humanitarian; reintegration, community stabilization and development programming.
The value-added impact of DTM in Afghanistan is to inform action and results for people in need. DTM Afghanistan implements its activities and in close coordination with the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriations (MoRR) and the National Statistics and Information Authority (NSIA) at both the national and provincial levels. DTM works closely with other (IOM) programmes through referring identified populations in need of assistance at flow monitoring points to IOM’s Cross Border Return and Reintegration, Protection, Humanitarian Assistance, and Reintegration and Development (RADA) programmes. DTM Afghanistan also supports humanitarian partners and clusters, including WFP, FAO, UNHCR, IRC, DRC, NRC, USAID, and WHO, among many others, by providing emergency tracking updates in large-scale or sudden onset movements, such as during the 2018 drought. Furthermore, stabilization and development actors, including IOM’s RADA programme, the World Bank, and the Government of Afghanistan, leverage DTM’s information to select priority communities and districts with higher concentrations of IDPs and returnees to receive reintegration and livelihoods assistance and improvements to core infrastructure and essential services. In support of health partners, including the Ministry of Public Health, the National TB Programme, WHO, UNICEF, and the Humanitarian Health Cluster, DTM data informs the selection of priority, at-risk districts, border areas, communities, and health facilities in need of strengthened capacity, response, surveillance, and risk education for polio, TB, and other infectious diseases.